重新封装的PHPLib DB类(推荐简单项目使用本类库)

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重新封装的PHPLib DB类 (推荐简单项目使用本类库)

为了便于自己的开发,但是又不想使用ADODB、PEAR::DB这样的庞然大物,就在PHPLib DB类的基础上、参考PEAR::DB类,封装了自己的DB类,简单好使,非常方便。目前只针对MySQL有效,没什么技术含量,姑且为参考。

使用本类库只是需要把下面代码保存为database.inc.php或者database.class.php,在自己需要的地方include进来,然后实例化对象,然后调用连接方法,最后在执行操作。

[  连接数据库 ]

//包含数据库处理类文件
include_once("database.inc.php");

//本地数据库配置
define("DB_HOST",    "localhost"); //数据库服务器
define("DB_USER_NAME",   "root");  //数据库用户名
define("DB_USER_PASS",   "");   //密码
define("DB_DATABASE",   "test");  //数据库

//连接本地数据库
$db = new DB_Sql();
$db->connect(DB_DATABASE, DB_HOST, DB_USER_NAME, DB_USER_PASS);

[  使用方法 ]

//获取所有记录
$sql = "SELECT * FROM table1";
$all_record = $db->get_all($sql);

//获取一条
$sql = "SELECT * FROM table1 WHERE id = '1'";
$one_row = $db->get_one($sql);

//分页查询,提取20条记录
$sql = "SELECT * FROM table1";
$page_record = $db->limit_query($sql, $start=0, $offset=20, $order="ORDER BY id DESC");

//提取指定数目的记录
$sql = "SELECT * FROM table1";
$limit_record = $db->get_limit($sql);

//统计记录数,统计所有类型为学生的
$count = $db->count("table1", "id", "type = 'student'");

//插入一条记录
$info_array = array(
  "name"  => "heiyeluren",
  "type"  => "student",
  "age"  => "22",
  "gender" => "boy"
 );
$db->insert("table1", $info_array);

//更新一条记录
$info_array = array(
  "name"  => "heiyeluren",
  "type"  => "teacher",
  "age"  => "22",
  "gender" => "boy"
 );
$db->update("table1", $info_array, "name = 'heiyeluren'");

//删除记录
$db->delete("table1", "name = 'heiyeluren'");

//执行一条无结果集的SQL
$db->execute("DELETE FROM table1 WHERE name = 'heiyeluren'");



[  类库代码 ]

 

<?php
/**
 * 文件: database.inc.php
 * 描述: 数据库操作类
 * 作者: heiyeluren
 * 创建: 2005-12-25
 * 修改: 2005-12-26
 * 说明: 本库使用PHPLib DB库作为核心, 同时增加一些实用方法, 详细参考注释
 */

class DB_Sql
{

 
  /* public: connection parameters */
  var $Host     = "";
  var $Database = "";
  var $User     = "";
  var $Password = "";

  /* public: configuration parameters */
  var $Auto_Free     = 1;     ## Set to 1 for automatic mysql_free_result()
  var $Debug         = 0;     ## Set to 1 for debugging messages.
  var $Halt_On_Error = "yes"; ## "yes" (halt with message), "no" (ignore errors quietly), "report" (ignore errror, but spit a warning)
  var $PConnect      = 0;     ## Set to 1 to use persistent database connections
  var $Seq_Table     = "db_sequence";

  /* public: result array and current row number */
  var $Record   = array();
  var $Row;

  /* public: current error number and error text */
  var $Errno    = 0;
  var $Error    = "";

  /* public: this is an api revision, not a CVS revision. */
  var $type     = "mysql";
  //var $revision = "1.2";

  /* private: link and query handles */
  var $Link_ID  = 0;
  var $Query_ID = 0;

  var $locked   = false;      ## set to true while we have a lock

  /* public: constructor */
  function DB_Sql() {
    $this->query($query);
  }
  
  /* public: some trivial reporting */
  function link_id() {
    return $this->Link_ID;
  }

  function query_id() {
    return $this->Query_ID;
  }

  /* public: connection management */
  function connect($Database = "", $Host = "", $User = "", $Password = "") {
    /* Handle defaults */
    if ("" == $Database)
      $Database = $this->Database;

    if ("" == $Host)
      $Host     = $this->Host;

    if ("" == $User)
      $User     = $this->User;

    if ("" == $Password)
      $Password = $this->Password;

     
    /* establish connection, select database */
    if ( 0 == $this->Link_ID ) {
   
      if(!$this->PConnect) {
        $this->Link_ID = mysql_connect($Host, $User, $Password);
      } else {
        $this->Link_ID = mysql_pconnect($Host, $User, $Password);
      }
      if (!$this->Link_ID) {
        $this->halt("connect($Host, $User, /$Password) failed.");
        return 0;
      }

      if (!@mysql_select_db($Database,$this->Link_ID)) {
        $this->halt("cannot use database ".$Database);
        return 0;
      }
    }
   
    return $this->Link_ID;
  }

  /* public: discard the query result */
  function free() {
      @mysql_free_result($this->Query_ID);
      $this->Query_ID = 0;
  }

  /* public: perform a query */
  function query($Query_String) {
    /* No empty queries, please, since PHP4 chokes on them. */
    if ($Query_String == "")
      /* The empty query string is passed on from the constructor,
       * when calling the class without a query, e.g. in situations
       * like these: '$db = new DB_Sql_Subclass;'
       */
      return 0;

    if (!$this->connect()) {
      return 0; /* we already complained in connect() about that. */
    };

    # New query, discard previous result.
    if ($this->Query_ID) {
      $this->free();
    }

    if ($this->Debug)
      printf("Debug: query = %s<br>/n", $Query_String);

    $this->Query_ID = @mysql_query($Query_String,$this->Link_ID);
    $this->Row   = 0;
    $this->Errno = mysql_errno();
    $this->Error = mysql_error();
    if (!$this->Query_ID) {
      $this->halt("Invalid SQL: ".$Query_String);
    }

    # Will return nada if it fails. That's fine.
    return $this->Query_ID;
  }

  /* public: walk result set */
  function next_record() {
    if (!$this->Query_ID) {
      $this->halt("next_record called with no query pending.");
      return 0;
    }

    $this->Record = @mysql_fetch_array($this->Query_ID);
    $this->Row   += 1;
    $this->Errno  = mysql_errno();
    $this->Error  = mysql_error();

    $stat = is_array($this->Record);
    if (!$stat && $this->Auto_Free) {
      $this->free();
    }
    return $stat;
  }

  /* public: position in result set */
  function seek($pos = 0) {
    $status = @mysql_data_seek($this->Query_ID, $pos);
    if ($status)
      $this->Row = $pos;
    else {
      $this->halt("seek($pos) failed: result has ".$this->num_rows()." rows.");

      /* half assed attempt to save the day,
       * but do not consider this documented or even
       * desireable behaviour.
       */
      @mysql_data_seek($this->Query_ID, $this->num_rows());
      $this->Row = $this->num_rows();
      return 0;
    }

    return 1;
  }

  /* public: table locking */
  function lock($table, $mode = "write") {
    $query = "lock tables ";
    if(is_array($table)) {
      while(list($key,$value) = each($table)) {
        // text keys are "read", "read local", "write", "low priority write"
        if(is_int($key)) $key = $mode;
        if(strpos($value, ",")) {
          $query .= str_replace(",", " $key, ", $value) . " $key, ";
        } else {
          $query .= "$value $key, ";
        }
      }
      $query = substr($query, 0, -2);
    } elseif(strpos($table, ",")) {
      $query .= str_replace(",", " $mode, ", $table) . " $mode";
    } else {
      $query .= "$table $mode";
    }
    if(!$this->query($query)) {
      $this->halt("lock() failed.");
      return false;
    }
    $this->locked = true;
    return true;
  }
 
  function unlock() {

    // set before unlock to avoid potential loop
    $this->locked = false;

    if(!$this->query("unlock tables")) {
      $this->halt("unlock() failed.");
      return false;
    }
    return true;
  }

  /* public: evaluate the result (size, width) */
  function affected_rows() {
    return @mysql_affected_rows($this->Link_ID);
  }

  function num_rows() {
    return @mysql_num_rows($this->Query_ID);
  }

  function num_fields() {
    return @mysql_num_fields($this->Query_ID);
  }

  /* public: shorthand notation */
  function nf() {
    return $this->num_rows();
  }

  function np() {
    print $this->num_rows();
  }

  function f($Name) {
    if (isset($this->Record[$Name])) {
      return $this->Record[$Name];
    }
  }

  function p($Name) {
    if (isset($this->Record[$Name])) {
      print $this->Record[$Name];
    }
  }

  /* public: sequence numbers */
  function nextid($seq_name) {
    /* if no current lock, lock sequence table */
    if(!$this->locked) {
      if($this->lock($this->Seq_Table)) {
        $locked = true;
      } else {
        $this->halt("cannot lock ".$this->Seq_Table." - has it been created?");
        return 0;
      }
    }
   
    /* get sequence number and increment */
    $q = sprintf("select nextid from %s where seq_name = '%s'",
               $this->Seq_Table,
               $seq_name);
    if(!$this->query($q)) {
      $this->halt('query failed in nextid: '.$q);
      return 0;
    }
   
    /* No current value, make one */
    if(!$this->next_record()) {
      $currentid = 0;
      $q = sprintf("insert into %s values('%s', %s)",
                 $this->Seq_Table,
                 $seq_name,
                 $currentid);
      if(!$this->query($q)) {
        $this->halt('query failed in nextid: '.$q);
        return 0;
      }
    } else {
      $currentid = $this->f("nextid");
    }
    $nextid = $currentid + 1;
    $q = sprintf("update %s set nextid = '%s' where seq_name = '%s'",
               $this->Seq_Table,
               $nextid,
               $seq_name);
    if(!$this->query($q)) {
      $this->halt('query failed in nextid: '.$q);
      return 0;
    }
   
    /* if nextid() locked the sequence table, unlock it */
    if($locked) {
      $this->unlock();
    }
   
    return $nextid;
  }

  /* public: return table metadata */
  function metadata($table = "", $full = false) {
    $count = 0;
    $id    = 0;
    $res   = array();

    /*
     * Due to compatibility problems with Table we changed the behavior
     * of metadata();
     * depending on $full, metadata returns the following values:
     *
     * - full is false (default):
     * $result[]:
     *   [0]["table"]  table name
     *   [0]["name"]   field name
     *   [0]["type"]   field type
     *   [0]["len"]    field length
     *   [0]["flags"]  field flags
     *
     * - full is true
     * $result[]:
     *   ["num_fields"] number of metadata records
     *   [0]["table"]  table name
     *   [0]["name"]   field name
     *   [0]["type"]   field type
     *   [0]["len"]    field length
     *   [0]["flags"]  field flags
     *   ["meta"][field name]  index of field named "field name"
     *   This last one could be used if you have a field name, but no index.
     *   Test:  if (isset($result['meta']['myfield'])) { ...
     */

    // if no $table specified, assume that we are working with a query
    // result
    if ($table) {
      $this->connect();
      $id = @mysql_list_fields($this->Database, $table);
      if (!$id) {
        $this->halt("Metadata query failed.");
        return false;
      }
    } else {
      $id = $this->Query_ID;
      if (!$id) {
        $this->halt("No query specified.");
        return false;
      }
    }
 
    $count = @mysql_num_fields($id);

    // made this IF due to performance (one if is faster than $count if's)
    if (!$full) {
      for ($i=0; $i<$count; $i++) {
        $res[$i]["table"] = @mysql_field_table ($id, $i);
        $res[$i]["name"]  = @mysql_field_name  ($id, $i);
        $res[$i]["type"]  = @mysql_field_type  ($id, $i);
        $res[$i]["len"]   = @mysql_field_len   ($id, $i);
        $res[$i]["flags"] = @mysql_field_flags ($id, $i);
      }
    } else { // full
      $res["num_fields"]= $count;
   
      for ($i=0; $i<$count; $i++) {
        $res[$i]["table"] = @mysql_field_table ($id, $i);
        $res[$i]["name"]  = @mysql_field_name  ($id, $i);
        $res[$i]["type"]  = @mysql_field_type  ($id, $i);
        $res[$i]["len"]   = @mysql_field_len   ($id, $i);
        $res[$i]["flags"] = @mysql_field_flags ($id, $i);
        $res["meta"][$res[$i]["name"]] = $i;
      }
    }
   
    // free the result only if we were called on a table
    if ($table) {
      @mysql_free_result($id);
    }
    return $res;
  }

  /* public: find available table names */
  function table_names() {
    $this->connect();
    $h = @mysql_query("show tables", $this->Link_ID);
    $i = 0;
    while ($info = @mysql_fetch_row($h)) {
      $return[$i]["table_name"]      = $info[0];
      $return[$i]["tablespace_name"] = $this->Database;
      $return[$i]["database"]        = $this->Database;
      $i++;
    }
   
    @mysql_free_result($h);
    return $return;
  }

  /* private: error handling */
  function halt($msg) {
    $this->Error = @mysql_error($this->Link_ID);
    $this->Errno = @mysql_errno($this->Link_ID);

    if ($this->locked) {
      $this->unlock();
    }

    if ($this->Halt_On_Error == "no")
      return;

    $this->haltmsg($msg);

    if ($this->Halt_On_Error != "report")
      die("Session halted.");
  }

  function haltmsg($msg) {
    printf("</td></tr></table><b>Database error:</b> %s<br>/n", $msg);
    printf("<b>MySQL Error</b>: %s (%s)<br>/n",
      $this->Errno,
      $this->Error);
  }

 
 //----------------------------------
 // 模块: 自定义函数
 // 功能: 部分实用的数据库处理方法
 // 作者: heiyeluren
 // 时间: 2005-12-26
 //
----------------------------------

 /**
  * 方法: execute($sql)
  * 功能: 执行一条SQL语句,主要针对没有结果集返回的SQL
  * 参数: $sql 需要执行的SQL语句,例如:execute("DELETE FROM table1 WHERE id = '1'")
  * 返回: 更新成功返回True,失败返回False
  */

 function execute($sql)
 {
  if (empty($sql))
  {
   $this->error("Invalid parameter");
  }
  if (!$this->query($sql))
  {
   return false;
  }
  return true;
 }

 /**
  * 方法: get_all($sql)
  * 功能: 获取SQL执行的所有记录
  * 参数: $sql  需要执行的SQL,例如: get_all("SELECT * FROM Table1")
  * 返回: 返回包含所有查询结果的二维数组
  */

 function get_all($sql)
 {
  $this->query($sql);
  $result_array = array();
  while($this->next_record())
  {
   
   $result_array[] = $this->Record;
  }
  if (count($result_array)<=0)
  {
   return 0;
  }
  return $result_array;
 }

 /**
  * 方法: get_one($sql)
  * 功能: 获取SQL执行的一条记录
  * 参数: $sql 需要执行的SQL,例如: get_one("SELECT * FROM Table1 WHERE id = '1'")
  * 返回: 返回包含一条查询结果的一维数组
  */

 function get_one($sql)
 {
  $this->query($sql);
  if (!$this->next_record())
  {
   return 0;
  }
  return $this->Record;
 }

 /**
  * 方法: get_limit($sql, $limit)
  * 功能: 获取SQL执行的指定数量的记录
  * 参数:
  * $sql  需要执行的SQL,例如: SELECT * FROM Table1
  * $limit 需要限制的记录数
  * 例如  需要获取10条记录, get_limit("SELECT * FROM Table1", 10);
  *
  * 返回: 返回包含所有查询结果的二维数组
  */

 function get_limit($sql, $limit)
 {
  $this->query($sql);
  $result_array = array();
  for ($i=0; $i<$limit&&$this->next_record(); $i++)
  {
   $result_array[] = $this->Record;
  }
  if (count($result_array) <= 0)
  {
   return 0;
  }
  return $result_array;
 }

 /**
  * 方法: limit_query($sql, $start=0, $offset=20, $order="")
  * 功能: 为分页的获取SQL执行的指定数量的记录
  * 参数:
  * $sql  需要执行的SQL,例如: SELECT * FROM Table1
  * $start 记录的开始数, 缺省为0
  * $offset 记录的偏移量,缺省为20
  * $order 排序方式,缺省为空,例如:ORDER BY id DESC
  * 例如  需要获取从0到10的记录并且按照ID号倒排, get_limit("SELECT * FROM Table1", 0, 10, "ORDER BY id DESC");
  *
  * 返回: 返回包含所有查询结果的二维数组
  */

 function limit_query($sql, $start=0, $offset=20, $order="")
 {
  $sql = $sql ." $order  LIMIT $start,$offset";
  $this->query($sql);
  $result = array();
  while($this->next_record())
  {
   $result[] = $this->Record;
  }
  if (count($result) <=0 )
  {
   return 0;
  }
  return $result;
 }

 /**
  * 方法: count($table,$field="*", $where="")
  * 功能: 统计表中数据总数
  * 参数:
  * $table 需要统计的表名
  * $field 需要统计的字段,默认为*
  * $where 条件语句,缺省为空
  * 例如  按照ID统计所有年龄小于20岁的用户, count("user_table", "id", "user_age < 20")
  *
  * 返回: 返回统计结果的数字
  */

 function count($table,$field="*", $where="")
 {
  $sql = (empty($where) ? "SELECT COUNT($field) FROM $table" : "SELECT COUNT($field) FROM $table WHERE $where");
  $result = $this->get_one($sql);
  if (!is_array($result))
  {
   return 0;
  }
  return $result[0];
 }

 /**
  * 方法: insert($table,$dataArray)
  * 功能: 插入一条记录到表里
  * 参数:
  * $table  需要插入的表名
  * $dataArray 需要插入字段和值的数组,键为字段名,值为字段值,例如:array("user_name"=>"张三", "user_age"=>"20岁");
  * 例如   比如插入用户张三,年龄为20, insert("users", array("user_name"=>"张三", "user_age"=>"20岁"))
  *
  * 返回: 插入记录成功返回True,失败返回False
  */
 function insert($table,$dataArray)
 {
  if (!is_array($dataArray) || count($dataArray)<=0)
  {
   $this->error("Invalid parameter");
  }
  while(list($key,$val) = each($dataArray))
  {
   $field .= "$key,";
   $value .= "'$val',";
  }
  $field = substr($field, 0, -1);
  $value = substr($value, 0, -1);
  $sql = "INSERT INTO $table ($field) VALUES ($value)";
  if (!$this->query($sql))
  {
   return false;
  }
  return true;
 }

 /**
  * 方法: update($talbe, $dataArray, $where)
  * 功能: 更新一条记录
  * 参数:
  * $table  需要更新的表名
  * $dataArray 需要更新字段和值的数组,键为字段名,值为字段值,例如:array("user_name"=>"张三", "user_age"=>"20岁");
  * $where  条件语句
  * 例如   比如更新姓名为张三的用户为李四,年龄为21
  *    update("users",  array("user_name"=>"张三", "user_age"=>"20岁"),  "user_name='张三'")
  *
  * 返回: 更新成功返回True,失败返回False
  */

 function update($talbe, $dataArray, $where)
 {
  if (!is_array($dataArray) || count($dataArray)<=0)
  {
   $this->error("Invalid parameter");
  }
  while(list($key,$val) = each($dataArray))
  {
   $value .= "$key = '$val',";
  }
  $value = substr($value, 0, -1);
  $sql = "UPDATE $talbe SET $value WHERE $where";
  if (!$this->query($sql))
  {
   return false;
  }
  return true;
 }

 /**
  * 方法: delete($table, $where)
  * 功能: 删除一条记录
  * 参数:
  * $table  需要删除记录的表名
  * $where  需要删除记录的条件语句
  * 例如   比如要删除用户名为张三的用户,delete("users",  "user_name='张三'")
  *
  * 返回: 更新成功返回True,失败返回False
  */

 function delete($table, $where)
 {
  if (empty($where))
  {
   $this->error("Invalid parameter");
  }
  $sql = "DELETE FROM $table WHERE $where";
  if (!$this->query($sql))
  {
   return false;
  }
  return true;
 }

 /**
  * 方法: error($msg="")
  * 功能: 显示错误信息后中止脚本
  * 参数: $msg 需要显示的错误信息
  * 返回: 无返回
  */

 function error($msg="")
 {
  echo "<strong>Error</strong>: $msg/n<br>/n";
  exit();
 }

 /**
  * 方法:get_insert_id()
  * 功能:获取最后插入的ID
  * 参数: 无参数
  * 返回:关闭成功返回ID,失败返回0
  */

 function get_insert_id()
 {
  return mysql_insert_id($this->Link_ID);
 }

 /**
  * 方法:close()
  * 功能:关闭当前数据库连接
  * 参数: 无参数
  * 返回:关闭成功返回true,失败返回false
  */

 function close()
 {
  return mysql_close($this->Link_ID);
 }
 
}

?>

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