linux下,源码的安装之 ./configure --prefix --with解释

linux下,源码的安装之 ./configure --prefix --with解释

linux下,源码的安装一般由3个步骤组成:配置(configure)、编译(make)、安装(make install)。

过程中用到

./configure --prefix  --with;其中--prefix指的是安装路径,--with指的是安装本文件所依赖的库文件

with:指定依赖
--with-依赖包名称=依赖包目录

--with-apxs 是指定 apache 的配置程序路径,php编译程序会通过这个程序查找apache的相关路径

--with-libxml-dir 指向的是 libxml 的库路径

--with-gd 指静态编译gd库

--with-png-dir 指定 libpng 的路径

综上所述,带着-dir的一般是用于指定库文件路径,没有的话可能是启用某些特性或者指向某特定路径。

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安装httpd时,进行指定安装,用到./configure --prefix

具体解释:.表示当前目录。/是目录分隔符。合起来就是当前目录下指定安装路径。

如果不指定prefix,则可执行文件默认放在/usr/local/bin,库文件默认放在/usr/local/lib,配置文件默认放在/usr/local/etc。其它的资源文件放在/usr /local/share。

你要卸载这个程序,要么在原来的make目录下用一次make uninstall(前提是make文件指定过uninstall),要么去上述目录里面把相关的文件一个个手工删掉。
指定prefix,直接删掉一个文件夹就够了。

(把安装路径配置为根目录。你接下来运行make和make install后,就可以在根目录下找到所安装的文件。)

备注:

./configure的作用是检测系统配置,生成makefile文件,以便你可以用make和make install来编译和安装程序。

./configure是源代码安装的第一步,主要的作用是对即将安装的软件进行配置,检查当前的环境是否满足要安装软件的依赖关系,但并不是所有的tar包都是源代码的包,

你先ls,看有没有configure或者makefile文件。
如果有configure,就./configure,有很多参数,看楼下的吧。如果系统环境合适,就会生成makefile,否则会报错。
如果有makefile,就直接make,然后make install。

你还可以用rpm或者deb包来安装。而且现在的发行版都有自己的包管理器,比如apt或yum,一个命令就可以从源下载软件,还可以自动解决依赖问题。

configure详细命令参数:

$ ./configure -h
`configure' configures python 3.7 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: ./configure [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.

Configuration:
  -h, --help              display this help and exit
      --help=short        display options specific to this package
      --help=recursive    display the short help of all the included packages
  -V, --version           display version information and exit
  -q, --quiet, --silent   do not print `checking ...' messages
      --cache-file=FILE   cache test results in FILE [disabled]
  -C, --config-cache      alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'
  -n, --no-create         do not create output files
      --srcdir=DIR        find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..']

Installation directories:
  --prefix=PREFIX         install architecture-independent files in PREFIX
                          [/usr/local]
  --exec-prefix=EPREFIX   install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX
                          [PREFIX]

By default, `make install' will install all the files in
`/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/lib' etc.  You can specify
an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' using `--prefix',
for instance `--prefix=$HOME'.

For better control, use the options below.

Fine tuning of the installation directories:
  --bindir=DIR            user executables [EPREFIX/bin]
  --sbindir=DIR           system admin executables [EPREFIX/sbin]
  --libexecdir=DIR        program executables [EPREFIX/libexec]
  --sysconfdir=DIR        read-only single-machine data [PREFIX/etc]
  --sharedstatedir=DIR    modifiable architecture-independent data [PREFIX/com]
  --localstatedir=DIR     modifiable single-machine data [PREFIX/var]
  --libdir=DIR            object code libraries [EPREFIX/lib]
  --includedir=DIR        C header files [PREFIX/include]
  --oldincludedir=DIR     C header files for non-gcc [/usr/include]
  --datarootdir=DIR       read-only arch.-independent data root [PREFIX/share]
  --datadir=DIR           read-only architecture-independent data [DATAROOTDIR]
  --infodir=DIR           info documentation [DATAROOTDIR/info]
  --localedir=DIR         locale-dependent data [DATAROOTDIR/locale]
  --mandir=DIR            man documentation [DATAROOTDIR/man]
  --docdir=DIR            documentation root [DATAROOTDIR/doc/python]
  --htmldir=DIR           html documentation [DOCDIR]
  --dvidir=DIR            dvi documentation [DOCDIR]
  --pdfdir=DIR            pdf documentation [DOCDIR]
  --psdir=DIR             ps documentation [DOCDIR]

System types:
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
  --enable-universalsdk[=SDKDIR]
                          Build fat binary against Mac OS X SDK
  --enable-framework[=INSTALLDIR]
                          Build (MacOSX|Darwin) framework
  --enable-shared         disable/enable building shared python library
  --enable-profiling      enable C-level code profiling
  --enable-optimizations  Enable expensive, stable optimizations (PGO, etc).
                          Disabled by default.
  --enable-loadable-sqlite-extensions
                          support loadable extensions in _sqlite module
  --enable-ipv6           Enable ipv6 (with ipv4) support
  --disable-ipv6          Disable ipv6 support
  --enable-big-digits[=BITS]
                          use big digits for Python longs [[BITS=30]]

Optional Packages:
  --with-PACKAGE[=ARG]    use PACKAGE [ARG=yes]
  --without-PACKAGE       do not use PACKAGE (same as --with-PACKAGE=no)
  --with-universal-archs=ARCH
                          select architectures for universal build ("32-bit",
                          "64-bit", "3-way", "intel", "intel-32", "intel-64",
                          or "all")
  --with-framework-name=FRAMEWORK
                          specify an alternate name of the framework built
                          with --enable-framework
  --without-gcc           never use gcc
  --with-icc              build with icc
  --with-cxx-main=<compiler>
                          compile main() and link python executable with C++
                          compiler
  --with-suffix=.exe      set executable suffix
  --with-pydebug          build with Py_DEBUG defined
  --with-assertions       build with C assertions enabled
  --with-lto              Enable Link Time Optimization in any build. Disabled
                          by default.
  --with-hash-algorithm=[fnv|siphash24]
                          select hash algorithm
  --with-address-sanitizer
                          enable AddressSanitizer (asan)
  --with-memory-sanitizer enable MemorySanitizer (msan)
  --with-undefined-behavior-sanitizer
                          enable UndefinedBehaviorSanitizer (ubsan)
  --with-libs='lib1 ...'  link against additional libs
  --with-system-expat     build pyexpat module using an installed expat
                          library
  --with-system-ffi       build _ctypes module using an installed ffi library
  --with-system-libmpdec  build _decimal module using an installed libmpdec
                          library
  --with-decimal-contextvar
                          build _decimal module using a coroutine-local rather
                          than a thread-local context (default is yes)
  --with-tcltk-includes='-I...'
                          override search for Tcl and Tk include files
  --with-tcltk-libs='-L...'
                          override search for Tcl and Tk libs
  --with-dbmliborder=db1:db2:...
                          order to check db backends for dbm. Valid value is a
                          colon separated string with the backend names
                          `ndbm', `gdbm' and `bdb'.
  --with(out)-doc-strings disable/enable documentation strings
  --with(out)-pymalloc    disable/enable specialized mallocs
  --with(out)-c-locale-coercion
                          disable/enable C locale coercion to a UTF-8 based
                          locale
  --with-valgrind         Enable Valgrind support
  --with(out)-dtrace      disable/enable DTrace support
  --with-libm=STRING      math library
  --with-libc=STRING      C library
  --with(out)-computed-gotos
                          Use computed gotos in evaluation loop (enabled by
                          default on supported compilers)
  --with(out)-ensurepip=[=upgrade]
                          "install" or "upgrade" using bundled pip
  --with-openssl=DIR      root of the OpenSSL directory
  --with-ssl-default-suites=[python|openssl|STRING]
                          Override default cipher suites string, python: use
                          Python's preferred selection (default), openssl:
                          leave OpenSSL's defaults untouched, STRING: use a
                          custom string, PROTOCOL_SSLv2 ignores the setting

Some influential environment variables:
  MACHDEP     name for machine-dependent library files
  CC          C compiler command
  CFLAGS      C compiler flags
  LDFLAGS     linker flags, e.g. -L<lib dir> if you have libraries in a
              nonstandard directory <lib dir>
  LIBS        libraries to pass to the linker, e.g. -l<library>
  CPPFLAGS    (Objective) C/C++ preprocessor flags, e.g. -I<include dir> if
              you have headers in a nonstandard directory <include dir>
  CPP         C preprocessor
  PKG_CONFIG  path to pkg-config utility
  PKG_CONFIG_PATH
              directories to add to pkg-config's search path
  PKG_CONFIG_LIBDIR
              path overriding pkg-config's built-in search path

Use these variables to override the choices made by `configure' or to help
it to find libraries and programs with nonstandard names/locations.

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