FastCGI协议与php通信

一、背景

最近有一个这样的需求,需获取php应用的一些数据,例如php加载的环境变量、php opcache缓存数据等,为了提高通用性,目前能想到最好的方法就是直接模拟FastCGI协议,与php的端口直接通信,获取相应的数据,具体怎么实现呢:

FastCGIClient.py
#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf8 -*-

import socket
import random


class FastCGIClient:
    """A Fast-CGI Client for Python"""

    # private
    __FCGI_VERSION = 1

    __FCGI_ROLE_RESPONDER = 1
    __FCGI_ROLE_AUTHORIZER = 2
    __FCGI_ROLE_FILTER = 3

    __FCGI_TYPE_BEGIN = 1
    __FCGI_TYPE_ABORT = 2
    __FCGI_TYPE_END = 3
    __FCGI_TYPE_PARAMS = 4
    __FCGI_TYPE_STDIN = 5
    __FCGI_TYPE_STDOUT = 6
    __FCGI_TYPE_STDERR = 7
    __FCGI_TYPE_DATA = 8
    __FCGI_TYPE_GETVALUES = 9
    __FCGI_TYPE_GETVALUES_RESULT = 10
    __FCGI_TYPE_UNKOWNTYPE = 11

    __FCGI_HEADER_SIZE = 8

    # request state
    FCGI_STATE_SEND = 1
    FCGI_STATE_ERROR = 2
    FCGI_STATE_SUCCESS = 3

    def __init__(self, host, port, timeout, keepalive):
        self.host = host
        self.port = port
        self.timeout = timeout
        if keepalive:
            self.keepalive = 1
        else:
            self.keepalive = 0
        self.sock = None
        self.requests = dict()

    def __connect(self):
        self.sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
        self.sock.settimeout(self.timeout)
        self.sock.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
        # if self.keepalive:
        #     self.sock.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SOL_KEEPALIVE, 1)
        # else:
        #     self.sock.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SOL_KEEPALIVE, 0)
        try:
            self.sock.connect((self.host, int(self.port)))
        except socket.error as msg:
            self.sock.close()
            self.sock = None
            print(repr(msg))
            return False
        return True

    def __encodeFastCGIRecord(self, fcgi_type, content, requestid):
        length = len(content)
        return chr(FastCGIClient.__FCGI_VERSION) \
               + chr(fcgi_type) \
               + chr((requestid >> 8) & 0xFF) \
               + chr(requestid & 0xFF) \
               + chr((length >> 8) & 0xFF) \
               + chr(length & 0xFF) \
               + chr(0) \
               + chr(0) \
               + content

    def __encodeNameValueParams(self, name, value):
        nLen = len(str(name))
        vLen = len(str(value))
        record = ''
        if nLen < 128:
            record += chr(nLen)
        else:
            record += chr((nLen >> 24) | 0x80) \
                      + chr((nLen >> 16) & 0xFF) \
                      + chr((nLen >> 8) & 0xFF) \
                      + chr(nLen & 0xFF)
        if vLen < 128:
            record += chr(vLen)
        else:
            record += chr((vLen >> 24) | 0x80) \
                      + chr((vLen >> 16) & 0xFF) \
                      + chr((vLen >> 8) & 0xFF) \
                      + chr(vLen & 0xFF)
        return record + str(name) + str(value)

    def __decodeFastCGIHeader(self, stream):
        header = dict()
        header['version'] = ord(stream[0])
        header['type'] = ord(stream[1])
        header['requestId'] = (ord(stream[2]) << 8) + ord(stream[3])
        header['contentLength'] = (ord(stream[4]) << 8) + ord(stream[5])
        header['paddingLength'] = ord(stream[6])
        header['reserved'] = ord(stream[7])
        return header

    def __decodeFastCGIRecord(self):
        header = self.sock.recv(int(FastCGIClient.__FCGI_HEADER_SIZE))
        if not header:
            return False
        else:
            record = self.__decodeFastCGIHeader(header)
            record['content'] = ''
            if 'contentLength' in record.keys():
                contentLength = int(record['contentLength'])
                buffer = self.sock.recv(contentLength)
                while contentLength and buffer:
                    contentLength -= len(buffer)
                    record['content'] += buffer
            if 'paddingLength' in record.keys():
                skiped = self.sock.recv(int(record['paddingLength']))
            return record

    def request(self, nameValuePairs={}, post=''):
        if not self.__connect():
            print('connect failure! please check your fasctcgi-server !!')
            return

        requestId = random.randint(1, (1 << 16) - 1)
        self.requests[requestId] = dict()
        request = ""
        beginFCGIRecordContent = chr(0) \
                                 + chr(FastCGIClient.__FCGI_ROLE_RESPONDER) \
                                 + chr(self.keepalive) \
                                 + chr(0) * 5
        request += self.__encodeFastCGIRecord(FastCGIClient.__FCGI_TYPE_BEGIN,
                                              beginFCGIRecordContent, requestId)
        paramsRecord = ''
        if nameValuePairs:
            for (name, value) in nameValuePairs.iteritems():
                # paramsRecord = self.__encodeNameValueParams(name, value)
                # request += self.__encodeFastCGIRecord(FastCGIClient.__FCGI_TYPE_PARAMS, paramsRecord, requestId)
                paramsRecord += self.__encodeNameValueParams(name, value)

        if paramsRecord:
            request += self.__encodeFastCGIRecord(FastCGIClient.__FCGI_TYPE_PARAMS, paramsRecord, requestId)
        request += self.__encodeFastCGIRecord(FastCGIClient.__FCGI_TYPE_PARAMS, '', requestId)

        if post:
            request += self.__encodeFastCGIRecord(FastCGIClient.__FCGI_TYPE_STDIN, post, requestId)
        request += self.__encodeFastCGIRecord(FastCGIClient.__FCGI_TYPE_STDIN, '', requestId)
        self.sock.send(request)
        self.requests[requestId]['state'] = FastCGIClient.FCGI_STATE_SEND
        self.requests[requestId]['response'] = ''
        return self.__waitForResponse(requestId)

    def __waitForResponse(self, requestId):
        while True:
            response = self.__decodeFastCGIRecord()
            if not response:
                break
            if response['type'] == FastCGIClient.__FCGI_TYPE_STDOUT \
                    or response['type'] == FastCGIClient.__FCGI_TYPE_STDERR:
                if response['type'] == FastCGIClient.__FCGI_TYPE_STDERR:
                    self.requests['state'] = FastCGIClient.FCGI_STATE_ERROR
                if requestId == int(response['requestId']):
                    self.requests[requestId]['response'] += response['content']
            if response['type'] == FastCGIClient.FCGI_STATE_SUCCESS:
                self.requests[requestId]
        return self.requests[requestId]['response']

    def __repr__(self):
        return "fastcgi connect host:{} port:{}".format(self.host, self.port)

fcgi.py:
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf8 -*-

from FastCGIClient import *
import sys
from urlparse import urlparse as parse_url


def main():
    argvs = sys.argv
    argc = len(argvs)
    if argc < 3:
        print('Usage: python fcgi.py http://127.0.0.1:9000/some.php?queryString path/to/documentroot postData')
        print('Example: python fcgi.py http://127.0.0.1:9000/echo.php\?name\=john '
              '/Users/baidu/php_workspace name=shan&address=china')
        return
    argv = argvs[1]
    documentRoot = argvs[2]
    parseResult = parse_url(argv)
    host = parseResult.hostname
    port = parseResult.port
    uri = parseResult.path
    query = parseResult.query
    client = FastCGIClient(host, port, 3000, 0)
    if argc > 3:
        content = argvs[3]
    # content = "name=shan&address=china"
    params = {'GATEWAY_INTERFACE': 'FastCGI/1.0',
              'REQUEST_METHOD': 'POST',
              'SCRIPT_FILENAME': documentRoot + uri,
              'SCRIPT_NAME': uri,
              'QUERY_STRING': query,
              'REQUEST_URI': uri,
              'DOCUMENT_ROOT': documentRoot,
              'SERVER_SOFTWARE': 'php/fcgiclient',
              'REMOTE_ADDR': '127.0.0.1',
              'REMOTE_PORT': '9985',
              'SERVER_ADDR': '127.0.0.1',
              'SERVER_PORT': '80',
              'SERVER_NAME': "localhost",
              'SERVER_PROTOCOL': 'HTTP/1.1',
              'CONTENT_TYPE': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',
              'CONTENT_LENGTH': len(content)
              }
    print(client.request(params, content))


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

使用方法:
python fcgi.py -h
Usage: python fcgi.py http://127.0.0.1:9000/some.php?queryString path/to/documentroot postData
Example: python fcgi.py http://127.0.0.1:9000/echo.php\?name\=john /Users/baidu/php_workspace name=shan&address=china




阅读更多
上一篇varnish + nginx搭建初试验
下一篇cgroup与supervisor
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

关闭
关闭
关闭