Idea自带http测试功能真香

前言

在工作中接触的大多数项目都采用前后端分离方式,常用postman免费版来进行api接口测试。

postman缺点:
1.无法保存测试脚本到文件,不方便前端查看。
2.需要下载单独安装包安装到系统中。

现在有更简单的方式来代替postman那就是Idea自带的http测试功能。

Idea自带的http测试功能 支持 图形界面和脚本2种方式

图像界面

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命令

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Get请求

### GET request with a header
GET https://httpbin.org/ip
Accept: application/json

### GET request with parameter
GET https://httpbin.org/get?show_env=1
Accept: application/json

### GET request with environment variables
GET {{host}}/get?show_env={{show_env}}
Accept: application/json

### GET request with disabled redirects
# @no-redirect
GET http://httpbin.org/status/301

### GET request with dynamic variables
GET http://httpbin.org/anything?id={{$uuid}}&ts={{$timestamp}}

post请求

### Send POST request with json body
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "id": 999,
  "value": "content"
}

### Send POST request with body as parameters
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

id=999&value=content

### Send a form with the text and file fields
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=WebAppBoundary

--WebAppBoundary
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="element-name"
Content-Type: text/plain

Name
--WebAppBoundary
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="data"; filename="data.json"
Content-Type: application/json

< ./request-form-data.json
--WebAppBoundary--

### Send request with dynamic variables in request's body
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "id": {{$uuid}},
  "price": {{$randomInt}},
  "ts": {{$timestamp}},
  "value": "content"
}

###

认证请求

### Basic authorization.
GET https://httpbin.org/basic-auth/user/passwd
Authorization: Basic user passwd

### Basic authorization with variables.
GET https://httpbin.org/basic-auth/user/passwd
Authorization: Basic {{username}} {{password}}

### Digest authorization.
GET https://httpbin.org/digest-auth/realm/user/passwd
Authorization: Digest user passwd

### Digest authorization with variables.
GET https://httpbin.org/digest-auth/realm/user/passwd
Authorization: Digest {{username}} {{password}}

### Authorization by token, part 1. Retrieve and save token.
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "token": "my-secret-token"
}

> {% client.global.set("auth_token", response.body.json.token); %}

### Authorization by token, part 2. Use token to authorize.
GET https://httpbin.org/headers
Authorization: Bearer {{auth_token}}

###

测试响应

### Successful test: check response status is 200
GET https://httpbin.org/status/200

> {%
client.test("Request executed successfully", function() {
  client.assert(response.status === 200, "Response status is not 200");
});
%}

### Failed test: check response status is 200
GET https://httpbin.org/status/404

> {%
client.test("Request executed successfully", function() {
  client.assert(response.status === 200, "Response status is not 200");
});
%}

### Check response status and content-type
GET https://httpbin.org/get

> {%
client.test("Request executed successfully", function() {
  client.assert(response.status === 200, "Response status is not 200");
});

client.test("Response content-type is json", function() {
  var type = response.contentType.mimeType;
  client.assert(type === "application/json", "Expected 'application/json' but received '" + type + "'");
});
%}

### Check response body
GET https://httpbin.org/get

> {%
client.test("Headers option exists", function() {
  client.assert(response.body.hasOwnProperty("headers"), "Cannot find 'headers' option in response");
});
%}

###
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