NPOI 设置Excel样式

POI中可能会用到一些需要设置EXCEL单元格格式的操作小结:

先获取工作薄对象:

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();

HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet();

HSSFCellStyle setBorder = wb.createCellStyle();

一、设置背景色:

setBorder.setFillForegroundColor((short) 13);// 设置背景色
setBorder.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.SOLID_FOREGROUND);

二、设置边框:

setBorder.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN); //下边框
setBorder.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);//左边框
setBorder.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);//上边框
setBorder.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);//右边框

三、设置居中:

setBorder.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER); // 居中

四、设置字体:

HSSFFont font = wb.createFont();
font.setFontName("黑体");
font.setFontHeightInPoints((short) 16);//设置字体大小

HSSFFont font2 = wb.createFont();
font2.setFontName("仿宋_GB2312");
font2.setBoldweight(HSSFFont.BOLDWEIGHT_BOLD);//粗体显示
font2.setFontHeightInPoints((short) 12);

setBorder.setFont(font);//选择需要用到的字体格式

五、设置列宽:

sheet.setColumnWidth(0, 3766); //第一个参数代表列id(从0开始),第2个参数代表宽度值

六、设置自动换行:

setBorder.setWrapText(true);//设置自动换行

七、合并单元格:

Region region1 = new Region(0, (short) 0, 0, (short) 6);

//参数1:行号 参数2:起始列号 参数3:行号 参数4:终止列号
sheet.addMergedRegion(region1);

八、加边框

  HSSFCellStyle cellStyle= wookBook.createCellStyle();
  cellStyle.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);
  cellStyle.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BorderBORDER_MEDIUM);
  cellStyle.setBottomBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
  cellStyle.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);
  cellStyle.setLeftBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
  cellStyle.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);
  cellStyle.setRightBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
  cellStyle.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);
  cellStyle.setTopBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);

另附:完整小例子一个

开发环境:IntelliJ IDEA 10.0.2

@ResponseBody

@RequestMapping(value = "/reportForms/joinStocktaking/exportStorage.api")

public AjaxResponse exportStorage(@RequestBody StorageModel model) throws Exception {

if (logger.isDebugEnabled())

logger.debug("tmpdir is, {}", System.getProperty(JAVA_IO_TMPDIR));

int row = 1;


HSSFWorkbook workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();

HSSFSheet hssfSheet = workbook.createSheet();

HSSFCellStyle style = workbook.createCellStyle();

style.setFillBackgroundColor(HSSFCellStyle.LEAST_DOTS);

style.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.LEAST_DOTS);


//设置Excel中的边框(表头的边框)

style.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);

style.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);

style.setBottomBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);

style.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);

style.setLeftBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);

style.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);

style.setRightBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);

style.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);

style.setTopBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);


//设置字体

HSSFFont font = workbook.createFont();

font.setFontHeightInPoints((short) 14); // 字体高度

font.setFontName(" 黑体 "); // 字体


style.setFont(font);

HSSFRow firstRow = hssfSheet.createRow((short) 0);

HSSFCell firstCell = firstRow.createCell(0);

firstRow.setHeight((short) 400);

//设置Excel中的背景

style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

style.setFillBackgroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

firstCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString("库房"));

firstCell.setCellStyle(style);


HSSFCell secondCell = firstRow.createCell(1);

firstRow.setHeight((short) 400);

style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

style.setFillBackgroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

secondCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString("库区"));

secondCell.setCellStyle(style);


HSSFCell threeCell = firstRow.createCell(2);

firstRow.setHeight((short) 400);

style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

style.setFillBackgroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

threeCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString("物料编号"));

threeCell.setCellStyle(style);


HSSFCell fourCell = firstRow.createCell(3);

firstRow.setHeight((short) 400);

style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

style.setFillBackgroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

fourCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString("物料名称"));

fourCell.setCellStyle(style);


HSSFCell fiveCell = firstRow.createCell(4);

firstRow.setHeight((short) 400);

style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

style.setFillBackgroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

fiveCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString("在库数量"));

fiveCell.setCellStyle(style);


HSSFCell sixCell = firstRow.createCell(5);

firstRow.setHeight((short) 400);

style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

style.setFillBackgroundColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);

sixCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString("锁定数量"));

sixCell.setCellStyle(style);


//设置列宽

hssfSheet.setColumnWidth(0, 7000);

hssfSheet.setColumnWidth(1, 8000);

hssfSheet.setColumnWidth(2, 4000);

hssfSheet.setColumnWidth(3, 6000);

hssfSheet.setColumnWidth(4, 4000);

hssfSheet.setColumnWidth(5, 4000);



List<?> list = joinStocktackingService.findjoinStorageByTerm(model.getWareHouse(), model.getStockArea(), model.getMaterialCode(), model.getMaterialName());

for (Object object : list) {

Object[] objects = (Object[]) object;

Storage storage = (Storage) objects[0];

Warehouse warehouse = (Warehouse) objects[1];

StockArea stockArea = (StockArea) objects[2];

Material material = (Material) objects[3];



//设置Excel中的边框

HSSFCellStyle cellStyle = workbook.createCellStyle();

cellStyle.setAlignment(HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);

cellStyle.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);

cellStyle.setBottomBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);

cellStyle.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);

cellStyle.setLeftBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);

cellStyle.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);

cellStyle.setRightBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);

cellStyle.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM);

cellStyle.setTopBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);


HSSFRow hssfRow = hssfSheet.createRow((short) row);

HSSFCell firstHssfCell = hssfRow.createCell(0);//库房

firstHssfCell.setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);

firstHssfCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString(warehouse.getName()));

firstHssfCell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);//设置单元格的样式


HSSFCell secondHssfCell = hssfRow.createCell(1);

secondHssfCell.setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);

secondHssfCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString(stockArea.getName()));

secondHssfCell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);//设置单元格的样式


HSSFCell threeHssfCell = hssfRow.createCell(2);

threeHssfCell.setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);

threeHssfCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString(material.getCode()));

threeHssfCell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);//设置单元格的样式


HSSFCell fourHssfCell = hssfRow.createCell(3);

fourHssfCell.setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);

fourHssfCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString(material.getName()));

fourHssfCell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);//设置单元格的样式


HSSFCell fiveHssfCell = hssfRow.createCell(4);

fiveHssfCell.setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);

fiveHssfCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString(String.valueOf(storage.getQty())));

fiveHssfCell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);//设置单元格的样式


HSSFCell sixHssfCell = hssfRow.createCell(5);

sixHssfCell.setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);

sixHssfCell.setCellValue(new HSSFRichTextString(String.valueOf(storage.getQtyLocked())));

sixHssfCell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);//设置单元格的样式


row++;

}

String newFileName = String.format("%s.%s", "joinStocktaking-" + (new Date()).getTime(), "xls");

String uploadPath = FileUtils.contractPath(System.getProperty(JAVA_IO_TMPDIR), newFileName);

FileOutputStream fOut = new FileOutputStream(uploadPath);

workbook.write(fOut);

fOut.flush();

fOut.close();


return AjaxResponse.createSuccess(newFileName);

}

转载至:http://blog.csdn.net/npp616/article/details/8546737

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