mysql root权限修改、恢复

原文地址:http://blog.csdn.net/kaly3845/article/details/8808529

当root权限失去某些权限后,如何恢复这个权限?

    1.  可以进入数据库,但无update权限:

操作过程:在WINDOWS的DOS窗口下,进入MYSQL安装目录的BIN目录,
                    运行mysqld-nt --skip-grant-tables,当前窗口将会停止。
                    另外打开一个命令行窗口,执行mysql 如果提示没有这个命令,先进入MYSQL的安装位置下BIN目录再运行mysql 
                     >use mysql 
                     >
update user set Update_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';                    

                    如果root 没有所有数据的权限
                    更新的MYSQL.USER表的所有字段中为N的为Y就可以了。
                    update user set Select_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Insert_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Update_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Delete_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Create_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Drop_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Reload_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Shutdown_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Process_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set File_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Grant_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set References_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Index_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';

                    update user set Alter_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Show_db_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Super_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Create_tmp_table_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Lock_tables_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Execute_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Repl_slave_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Repl_client_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Create_view_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Show_view_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Create_routine_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Alter_routine_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';

                    update user set Create_user_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Event_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
                    update user set Trigger_priv ='Y' where user = 'root';
 
                    权限问题最后要保证“mysql.user”表中 host为“localhost”和“%”都有root的所有权限
         host列是指定登录的ip,比如说 user=root host=192.168.1.1 ,这里的意思就是说,root用户只能通过 192.168.1.1的客户端去访问,而%则是个通配符, 如果host=192.168.1.%,那么就表示 只要是 ip为host=192.168.1.前缀的客户端都可以连接,那么host=%的话则表示所有ip都有权去连接,这也就是为什么在开启远程连接的时候,大部分人都直接把host改成%的缘故,因为省事
 
   2. 忘记密码,无法连接数据库:
解决办法:
                      同样的,利用命令行,跳过mysql的服务认证
                      >cd  ../bin           //进入Mysql路径下的bin目录中
                      >mysqld-nt --skip-grant-tables  //让mysql服务跳过认证运行,保持这个窗口不关闭 
                     (|>bin/safe_mysqld --skip-grant-tables &  //Linux下)
 
                        >mysql -uroot         //另打开一个shell,执行Mysql
                        >use   mysql          //切换数据库为mysql
                        >update user set password=password("new_pass") where user="root";  //更新用户密码
                        >flush privileges;    //更新Mysql权限表
                        >exit                 //退出Mysql
                        >exit                 //关闭shell
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