numpy 找到连续的序列的标号

import numpy as np

def zero_runs(a):
    # Create an array that is 1 where a is 0, and pad each end with an extra 0.
    iszero = np.concatenate(([0], np.equal(a, 0).view(np.int8), [0]))
    absdiff = np.abs(np.diff(iszero))
    # Runs start and end where absdiff is 1.
    ranges = np.where(absdiff == 1)[0].reshape(-1, 2)
    return ranges

def one_runs(a):
    # Create an array that is 1 where a is 0, and pad each end with an extra 0.
    iszero = np.concatenate(([0], np.equal(a, 1).view(np.int8), [0]))
    absdiff = np.abs(np.diff(iszero))
    # Runs start and end where absdiff is 1.
    ranges = np.where(absdiff == 1)[0].reshape(-1, 2)
    return ranges

def two_runs(a):
    # Create an array that is 1 where a is 0, and pad each end with an extra 0.
    iszero = np.concatenate(([0], np.equal(a, 2).view(np.int8), [0]))
    absdiff = np.abs(np.diff(iszero))
    # Runs start and end where absdiff is 1.
    ranges = np.where(absdiff == 1)[0].reshape(-1, 2)
    return ranges

def three_runs(a):
    # Create an array that is 1 where a is 0, and pad each end with an extra 0.
    iszero = np.concatenate(([0], np.equal(a, 3).view(np.int8), [0]))
    absdiff = np.abs(np.diff(iszero))
    # Runs start and end where absdiff is 1.
    ranges = np.where(absdiff == 1)[0].reshape(-1, 2)
    return ranges

def four_runs(a):
    # Create an array that is 1 where a is 0, and pad each end with an extra 0.
    iszero = np.concatenate(([0], np.equal(a, 4).view(np.int8), [0]))
    absdiff = np.abs(np.diff(iszero))
    # Runs start and end where absdiff is 1.
    ranges = np.where(absdiff == 1)[0].reshape(-1, 2)
    return ranges

if __name__=='__main__':
    a = [1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 0, 0, 4, 4, 0, 4, 4, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 0, 1, 1]
    runs = zero_runs(a)
    print(runs)

    runs = one_runs(a)
    print(runs)

    runs = two_runs(a)
    print(runs)

    runs = three_runs(a)
    print(runs)

    runs = four_runs(a)
    print(runs)
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