MATLAB中调用eemd函数

MATLAB 专栏收录该内容
1 篇文章 0 订阅

#MATLAB 中调用EEMD 函数

一般情况添加eemd.m和extrema.m到主函数的同一个文件夹就可直接调用了。

eemd.m中是英文注释,解释该函数各个参量的意义以及如何取值。
function allmode=eemd(Y,Nstd,NE)
Y为输入,待分解的信号;
Nstd是所加噪声的标准差;
NE是加入噪声的次数,取值为10-50即可;

若输入矩阵是kn;
则输出矩阵n
(m+1),其中m=fix(log2(N))-1;
输出矩阵的第一列为原始信号,第2,3…m列是分解出的IMF(本征模态分量),m+1列就是残余分量。

eemd.m

function allmode=eemd(Y,Nstd,NE)
% This is an EMD/EEMD program
%
% INPUT:
% Y: Inputted data;1-d data only
% Nstd: ratio of the standard deviation of the added noise and that of
% Y; Nstd = (0.1 ~ 0.4)*std(Y). 
% NE: Ensemble number for the EEMD, NE = 10-50.
% OUTPUT:
% A matrix of N*(m+1) matrix, where N is the length of the input
% data Y, and m=fix(log2(N))-1. Column 1 is the original data, columns 2, 3, ...
% m are the IMFs from high to low frequency, and comlumn (m+1) is the
% residual (over all trend).
%
% NOTE:
% It should be noted that when Nstd is set to zero and NE is set to 1, the
% program degenerates to a EMD program.(for EMD Nstd=0,NE=1)
% This code limited sift number=10 ,the stoppage criteria can't change.

% References:
% Wu, Z., and N. E Huang (2008),
% Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition: a noise-assisted data analysis method.
% Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis. Vol.1, No.1. 1-41.
%
% code writer: Zhaohua Wu.
% footnote:S.C.Su 2009/03/04
%
% There are three loops in this code coupled together.
% 1.read data, find out standard deviation ,devide all data by std
% 2.evaluate TNM as total IMF number--eq1.
% TNM2=TNM+2,original data and residual included in TNM2
% assign 0 to TNM2 matrix
% 3.Do EEMD NE times-----------loop EEMD start
% 4.add noise
% 5.give initial values before sift
% 6.start to find an IMF------IMF loop start
% 7.sift 10 times to get IMF------sift loop start and end
% 8.after 10 times sift --we got IMF
% 9.subtract IMF from data ,and let the residual to find next IMF by loop
% 6.after having all the IMFs-------------IMF loop end
% 9.after TNM IMFs ,the residual xend is over all trend
% 3.Sum up NE decomposition result--------loop EEMD end
% 10.Devide EEMD summation by NE,std be multiply back to data

%% Association: no
% this function ususally used for doing 1-D EEMD with fixed
% stoppage criteria independently.
%
% Concerned function: extrema.m
% above mentioned m file must be put together

%function allmode=eemd(Y,Nstd,NE)

%part1.read data, find out standard deviation ,devide all data by std
xsize=length(Y);
dd=1:1:xsize; 
Ystd=std(Y);
Y=Y/Ystd;    

%part2.evaluate TNM as total IMF number,ssign 0 to N*TNM2 matrix
TNM=fix(log2(xsize))-5;   % TNM=m
TNM2=TNM+2;               
for kk=1:1:TNM2,
    for ii=1:1:xsize,
        allmode(ii,kk)=0.0;  
    end
end

%part3 Do EEMD -----EEMD loop start
for iii=1:1:NE, %EEMD loop NE times EMD sum together

%part4 --Add noise to original data,we have X1
    for i=1:xsize,
        temp=randn(1,1)*Nstd; % add a random noise to Y
        X1(i)=Y(i)+temp;
    end

%part4 --assign original data in the first column
    for jj=1:1:xsize,
        mode(jj,1) = Y(jj); % assign Y to column 1of mode
    end

%part5--give initial 0to xorigin and xend
    xorigin = X1;   % 
    xend = xorigin; %

%part6--start to find an IMF-----IMF loop start
    nmode = 1;

    while nmode <= TNM,
    xstart = xend; %last loop value assign to new iteration loop
                   %xstart -loop start data
    iter = 1;      %loop index initial value

%part7--sift 10 times to get IMF---sift loop start
        while iter<=10,  
            [spmax, spmin, flag]=extrema(xstart); %call function extrema
                                                  %the usage of spline ,please see part11.
            upper= spline(spmax(:,1),spmax(:,2),dd); %upper spline bound of this sift
            lower= spline(spmin(:,1),spmin(:,2),dd); %lower spline bound of this sift
            mean_ul = (upper + lower)/2;            %spline mean of upper and lower
            xstart = xstart - mean_ul;              %extract spline mean from Xstart
            iter = iter +1;
        end

%part8--subtract IMF from data ,then let the residual xend to start to find next IMF
    xend = xend - xstart;      
    nmode=nmode+1;              

%part9--after sift 10 times,that xstart is this time IMF
    for jj=1:1:xsize,
        mode(jj,nmode) = xstart(jj);  
    end
end

%part10--after gotten all(TNM) IMFs ,the residual xend is over all trend
% put them in the last column
    for jj=1:1:xsize,
        mode(jj,nmode+1)=xend(jj);
    end

%after part 10 ,original + TNM IMFs+overall trend ---those are all in mode
    allmode=allmode+mode;   
end  %part3 Do EEMD -----EEMD loop end

%part11--devide EEMD summation by NE,std be multiply back to data
allmode=allmode/NE;    
allmode=allmode*Ystd;  

extrema.m

% This is a utility program for significance test.
%
%   function [spmax, spmin, flag]= extrema(in_data)
%
% INPUT:
%       in_data: Inputted data, a time series to be sifted(被筛选);
% OUTPUT:
%       spmax: The locations (col 1) of the maxima and its corresponding
%              values (col 2)
%       spmin: The locations (col 1) of the minima and its corresponding
%              values (col 2)
%
% References can be found in the "Reference" section.
%
% The code is prepared by Zhaohua Wu. For questions, please read the "Q&A" section or
% contact
%   zwu@fsu.edu
%
function [spmax, spmin, flag]= extrema(in_data)

flag=1;
dsize=length(in_data);

spmax(1,1) = 1;
spmax(1,2) = in_data(1);
jj=2;
kk=2;
while jj<dsize,
    if ( in_data(jj-1)<=in_data(jj) & in_data(jj)>=in_data(jj+1) )
        spmax(kk,1) = jj;
        spmax(kk,2) = in_data (jj);
        kk = kk+1;
    end
    jj=jj+1;
end
spmax(kk,1)=dsize;
spmax(kk,2)=in_data(dsize);

if kk>=4
    slope1=(spmax(2,2)-spmax(3,2))/(spmax(2,1)-spmax(3,1));
    tmp1=slope1*(spmax(1,1)-spmax(2,1))+spmax(2,2);
    if tmp1>spmax(1,2)
        spmax(1,2)=tmp1;
    end

    slope2=(spmax(kk-1,2)-spmax(kk-2,2))/(spmax(kk-1,1)-spmax(kk-2,1));
    tmp2=slope2*(spmax(kk,1)-spmax(kk-1,1))+spmax(kk-1,2);
    if tmp2>spmax(kk,2)
        spmax(kk,2)=tmp2;
    end
else
    flag=-1;
end


msize=size(in_data);
dsize=max(msize);
xsize=dsize/3;
xsize2=2*xsize;

spmin(1,1) = 1;
spmin(1,2) = in_data(1);
jj=2;
kk=2;
while jj<dsize,
    if ( in_data(jj-1)>=in_data(jj) & in_data(jj)<=in_data(jj+1))
        spmin(kk,1) = jj;
        spmin(kk,2) = in_data (jj);
        kk = kk+1;
    end
    jj=jj+1;
end
spmin(kk,1)=dsize;
spmin(kk,2)=in_data(dsize);

if kk>=4
    slope1=(spmin(2,2)-spmin(3,2))/(spmin(2,1)-spmin(3,1));
    tmp1=slope1*(spmin(1,1)-spmin(2,1))+spmin(2,2);
    if tmp1<spmin(1,2)
        spmin(1,2)=tmp1;
    end

    slope2=(spmin(kk-1,2)-spmin(kk-2,2))/(spmin(kk-1,1)-spmin(kk-2,1));
    tmp2=slope2*(spmin(kk,1)-spmin(kk-1,1))+spmin(kk-1,2);
    if tmp2<spmin(kk,2)
        spmin(kk,2)=tmp2;
    end
else
    flag=-1;
end

flag=1;



©️2022 CSDN 皮肤主题:大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页

打赏作者

imasupergril

你的鼓励将是我创作的最大动力

¥2 ¥4 ¥6 ¥10 ¥20
输入1-500的整数
余额支付 (余额:-- )
扫码支付
扫码支付:¥2
获取中
扫码支付

您的余额不足,请更换扫码支付或充值

打赏作者

实付
使用余额支付
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、C币套餐、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值