将Tomcat6安装为Linux系统中的服务(Service)

对于需要在Linux系统上部署JSP,Servlet的Web应用服务器的人来说,将Tomcat安装为系统的服务(Service)是一个很常见的任务,这篇文章给大家一个详细的安装步骤,我们选择的系统和软件版本为:CentOS5.1(RHEL5也是一样的), Tomcat6.0.16。具体安装步骤如下:

一,到Apache下载 Tomcat6.0.16(http://apache.mirror.phpchina.com/tomcat/tomcat-6/v6.0.16 /bin/apache-tomcat-6.0.16.tar.gz)。

二,解压缩Tomcat文件到/opt目录下(需要root用户权限)

#tar xvzf apache-tomcat-6.0.16.tar.gz

确认你的目录为/opt/apache-tomcat-6.0.16

三,测试你的tomcat是不是能够正常运行(确保JAVA_HOME环境变量设置过)

启动

#/opt/apache-tomcat-6.0.16/start.sh

停止

#/opt /apache-tomcat-6.0.16/shutdown.sh

四,将Tomcat部署为系统的服务(以jsvc方式运行)

1,解压缩jsvc包(/opt/apache-tomcat-6.0.16/bin/jsvc.tar.gz)

#tar xvzf jsvc.tar.gz

2,编译jsvc,并测试(假设jdk的安装路径:/usr/java/jdk1.6.0_06)

#cd /opt/apache-tomcat-6.0.16/bin/jsvc-src

#chmod +x configure

#.configure<wbr></wbr> --with-java=/usr/java/jdk1.6.0_06

#.make

#cp jsvc<wbr></wbr> ../

#cp /opt/apache-tomcat-6.0.16/bin/jsvc-src/native/Tomcat5.sh<wbr></wbr> /etc/init.d/tomcat

编辑刚copy的tomcat文件

#vi /etc/init.d/tomcat<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr>

编辑完成后的内容如下:

#!/bin/sh

#

# Startup Script for Tomcat6

#

# chkconfig: - 88 14

# description: Tomcat Daemon

# processname: jsvc

# pidfile: /var/run/jsvc.pid

# config:

#

# Source function library.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

#

# Adapt the following lines to your configuration

JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.6.0_06

CATALINA_HOME=/opt/apache-tomcat-6.0.16

DAEMON_HOME=$CATALINA_HOME/bin

TOMCAT_USER=tomcat

# for multi instances adapt those lines.

TMP_DIR=$CATALINA_HOME/temp

PID_FILE=/var/run/jsvc.pid

CATALINA_BASE=$CATALINA_HOME

CATALINA_OPTS=

CLASSPATH=/

$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar:/

$CATALINA_HOME/bin/commons-daemon.jar:/

$CATALINA_HOME/bin/bootstrap.jar

start(){

echo starting tomcat ...

$DAEMON_HOME/jsvc /

-user $TOMCAT_USER /

-home $JAVA_HOME /

-Dcatalina.home=$CATALINA_HOME /

-Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE /

-Djava.io.tmpdir=$TMP_DIR /

-wait 10 /

-pidfile $PID_FILE /

-outfile $CATALINA_HOME/logs/catalina.out /

-errfile '&1' $CATALINA_OPTS /

-cp $CLASSPATH org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap

}

stop(){

echo stopping tomcat ...

$DAEMON_HOME/jsvc /

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> -stop /

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> -pidfile $PID_FILE /

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap

}

status() {

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> ps ax --width=1000 | grep "[o]rg.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap" | awk '{printf $1 " "}' | wc | awk '{print $2}' >/tmp/tomcat_process_count.txt

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> read line < /tmp/tomcat_process_count.txt

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> if [ $line -gt 0 ]; then

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> echo -n "tomcat ( pid "

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> ps ax --width=1000 | grep "[o]rg.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap" | awk '{printf $1 " "}'

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> echo ") is running..."

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> else

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> echo "Tomcat is stopped"

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> fi

}

case "$1" in

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> start)

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> # Start Tomcat

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> start

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> exit $?

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> ;;

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> stop)

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> # Stop Tomcat

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> stop

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> exit $?

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> ;;

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> restart)

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> stop

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> sleep 3

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> start

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> exit $?

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> ;;

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> status)

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> status

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> exit $?

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> ;;

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> *)

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> echo "Usage: tomcat {start|stop|restart|status}"

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> exit 1

<wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr><wbr></wbr> ;;

esac

添加执行用户

#useradd tomcat

确保tomcat用户能够访问tomcat的目录

#chown -R tomcat /opt/apache-tomcat-6.0.16

#chgrp -R tomcat /opt/apache-tomcat-6.0.16

#chmod +x /etc/init.d/tomcat

测试是否能启动tomcat

#/etc/init.d/tomcat start

#/etc/init.d/tomcat stop

将tomcat部署成为自动运行的服务

#chkconfig tomcat on

启动服务

#service tomcat start

查询服务状态

#service tomcat status

停止服务

#service tomcat stop

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