hbase中region的flush

都知道memstore大小到一定程度后会flush到disk上去,这个大小是由hbase.hregion.memstore.flush.size定义的。flush的时候也不是说马上就flush出去,会有个检查,就是下面这个方法了:

 

code:hbase 0.20.6, MemStoreFlusher.java

 

 /*
   * A flushRegion that checks store file count.  If too many, puts the flush
   * on delay queue to retry later.
   * @param fqe
   * @return true if the region was successfully flushed, false otherwise. If 
   * false, there will be accompanying log messages explaining why the log was
   * not flushed.
   */
  private boolean flushRegion(final FlushQueueEntry fqe) {
    HRegion region = fqe.region;
    if (!fqe.region.getRegionInfo().isMetaRegion() &&
        isTooManyStoreFiles(region)) {
      if (fqe.isMaximumWait(this.blockingWaitTime)) {
        LOG.info("Waited " + (System.currentTimeMillis() - fqe.createTime) +
          "ms on a compaction to clean up 'too many store files'; waited " +
          "long enough... proceeding with flush of " +
          region.getRegionNameAsString());
      } else {
        // If this is first time we've been put off, then emit a log message.
        if (fqe.getRequeueCount() <= 0) {
          // Note: We don't impose blockingStoreFiles constraint on meta regions
          LOG.warn("Region " + region.getRegionNameAsString() + " has too many " +
            "store files; delaying flush up to " + this.blockingWaitTime + "ms");
        }
        this.server.compactSplitThread.compactionRequested(region, getName());
        // Put back on the queue.  Have it come back out of the queue
        // after a delay of this.blockingWaitTime / 100 ms.
        this.flushQueue.add(fqe.requeue(this.blockingWaitTime / 100));
        // Tell a lie, it's not flushed but it's ok
        return true;
      }
    }
    return flushRegion(region, false);
  }

这个code逻辑是:

1. 如果是meta region,没话说,立即flush出去吧,因为meta region优先级高啊;

2. 如果是user的region,先看看是不是有太多的StoreFile了,这个storefile就是每次memstore flush造成的,flush一次,就多一个storefile,所以一个HStore里面会有多个storefile(其实就是hfile)。判断多不多的一个阈值是由hbase.hstore.blockingStoreFiles定义的;

 

Note:要弄清楚的就是,Hbase将table水平划分成Region,region按column family划分成Store,每个store包括内存中的memstore和持久化到disk上的HFile。

 

还有一个check flush的地方,就是HRegion里面

 

 /*
   * Check if resources to support an update.
   *
   * Here we synchronize on HRegion, a broad scoped lock.  Its appropriate
   * given we're figuring in here whether this region is able to take on
   * writes.  This is only method with a synchronize (at time of writing),
   * this and the synchronize on 'this' inside in internalFlushCache to send
   * the notify.
   */
  private void checkResources() {

    // If catalog region, do not impose resource constraints or block updates.
    if (this.getRegionInfo().isMetaRegion()) return;

    boolean blocked = false;
    while (this.memstoreSize.get() > this.blockingMemStoreSize) {
      requestFlush();
      if (!blocked) {
        LOG.info("Blocking updates for '" + Thread.currentThread().getName() +
          "' on region " + Bytes.toStringBinary(getRegionName()) +
          ": memstore size " +
          StringUtils.humanReadableInt(this.memstoreSize.get()) +
          " is >= than blocking " +
          StringUtils.humanReadableInt(this.blockingMemStoreSize) + " size");
      }
      blocked = true;
      synchronized(this) {
        try {
          wait(threadWakeFrequency);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
          // continue;
        }
      }
    }
    if (blocked) {
      LOG.info("Unblocking updates for region " + this + " '"
          + Thread.currentThread().getName() + "'");
    }
  }

这里的memstoreSize是一个region中所有memstore的总大小,blockingMemStoreSize计算的公式如下:

blockingMemStoreSize=hbase.hregion.memstore.flush.size*hbase.hregion.memstore.block.multiplier

就是说,对整个HRegion来说,所有memstore的总大小大于multiplier个memstore阈值的时候,就开始阻止客户端的更新了,这样是为了避免内存中的数据太多吧。

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