Lesson 2 Thirteen equals one

equal: v.等于

A equals B

匹敌 None of us can equal her, either in beauty or as a dancer.

?????????? ?Mary is quite equal to John in brains.

be equal to: 有能力、有力量做某事, to-介词

raise: v.募集、筹款,提高,饲养、供养,种植,召集、招募,提出、发出

现在进行时和always等频度副词的搭配表示说话人带有的情感色彩

?????? Tom is always doing homework.

?????? Tom always does his homework.

?????? He is always making noises.

one or another: 表示某种,这样或那样

get enough money:筹集足够的资金来做某事

?????? have the church clock repaired—have something done

?????? 找某人做某事

?????? have the plane repaired—have hair cat

?????? 某人所遭受的意外某种情况主语必须是发出动作的人

?????? His wallet was stolen???????? He had his wallet stolen.

Used to: 过去常常做,而现在不再发生的事情了 He used to smoke every day.

However: 用语口语,主要用于句首;作文中,最好用在句中、句尾,用逗号隔开来(也可用neverthelessnonetheless替代)

?????? He said that it was so, he was mistaken, however.

?????? He said that it was so, however, he was mistaken.

?????? I know his story, however, I wouldn’t like to tell you.

?????? I know his story, I however, wouldn’t like to tell you.

start: 惊跳、惊奇

before: ...

armed with a torch…

现在分词和过去分词的用法 looking

?????? 分词做状语/定语的时候,一定要注意他和逻辑主语要呼应一致

In the torchlight

非正式用语中whom可以省略掉

recognized somebody as: 认出某人是

?????? regard somebody as, think of somebody as, treat somebody as, have on somebody as

whatever: ever用来加强语气

night after night: 一夜连着一夜

did: 肯定句中常用do,did,does加强语气和情感色彩,一定要位于动词原形之前

as well 用语在句尾相当于to,主要用于肯定句中,但比to所表达的语意更优秀

still用语句首,用逗号隔开来表达一个转折关系:虽然如此,但是

get used to, be used to, be accustomed to, get accustomed to都表示习惯于,get强调渐进的过程,be强调习惯了的状态

?

Special difficulties

?????? in prep. 表示惊奇、恐惧、失望或生气等感情色彩的名词搭配连用,在句中起状语作用

in surprise, in astonishment, in alarm, in embarrassment, in amazement, in despair, in dismay, in anger, in disappointment

?????? in prep. 表示以、用;用语语言,书写材料,色彩或声音等方面

????????????? in English, in pencil, in ink, in a few words, in such a high voice, in oil, in red, in code

?????? in 表示状态、情感或处境

in trouble, in difficulty, in bed, in a hurry, in debt, in love with sb., in tears, in good order, in good repair, in good health, in poor health, in the bad mood, in the good mood, in taste, in a favor of excitement, in poverty, in luxury

very quickly—in a hurry

eventually—in the end

be seen—in sight

with a pen/pencil—in ink/pencil

which the share—in common

crying—in tears

?

强调句式结构 it was not until…that…一直到

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