httpclient 实例教程

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,可允许转载,但注明出处。 https://blog.csdn.net/JavaWebRookie/article/details/62041332

1、什么是httpclient

      HttpClient 是 Apache Jakarta Common 下的子项目,用来提供高效的、最新的、功能丰富的支持 HTTP 协议的客户端编程工具包,并且它支持 HTTP 协议最新的版本和建议。

      HttpClient特性:基于标准、纯净的Java语言。实现了Http1.0和Http1.1。支持HTTPS协议。通过Http代理建立透明的连接。

      下载地址:http://hc.apache.org/


2、使用方法

使用HttpClient发送请求、接收响应很简单,一般需要如下几步即可。
       1. 创建HttpClient对象。
       2. 创建请求方法的实例,并指定请求URL。如果需要发送GET请求,创建HttpGet对象;如果需要发送POST请求,创建HttpPost对象。
       3. 如果需要发送请求参数,可调用HttpGet、HttpPost共同的setParams(HetpParams params)方法来添加请求参数;对于HttpPost对象而言,也可调用setEntity(HttpEntity entity)方法来设置请求参数。
       4. 调用HttpClient对象的execute(HttpUriRequest request)发送请求,该方法返回一个HttpResponse。
       5. 调用HttpResponse的getAllHeaders()、getHeaders(String name)等方法可获取服务器的响应头;调用HttpResponse的getEntity()方法可获取HttpEntity对象,该对象包装了服务器的响应内容。程序可通过该对象获取服务器的响应内容。
       6. 释放连接。无论执行方法是否成功,都必须释放连接。


3、实例

添加依赖
     <!-- httpclient -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
                <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
                <version>${httpclient.version}</version>
            </dependency>


3.1、get 请求抓取网页信息

/*get 请求抓取网页信息*/
    @Test
    public void doGet() throws Exception {
        //创建一个httpclient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        //创建一个GET对象
        HttpGet get = new HttpGet("http://www.sogou.com");
        //执行请求
        CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(get);
        //取响应的结果
        int statusCode = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();
        System.out.println(statusCode);
        HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
        String string = EntityUtils.toString(entity, "utf-8");
        System.out.println(string);
        //关闭httpclient
        response.close();
        httpClient.close();
    }
 

3.2、带参数的get请求

/*带参数的get 请求*/
    @Test
    public void doGetWithParam() throws Exception{
        //创建一个httpclient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        //创建一个uri对象
        URIBuilder uriBuilder = new URIBuilder("http://www.sogou.com/web");
        uriBuilder.addParameter("query", "花千骨");
        HttpGet get = new HttpGet(uriBuilder.build());
        //执行请求
        CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(get);
        //取响应的结果
        int statusCode = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();
        System.out.println(statusCode);
        HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
        String string = EntityUtils.toString(entity, "utf-8");
        System.out.println(string);
        //关闭httpclient
        response.close();
        httpClient.close();
    }


3.3、post请求

/*post 请求*/
    @Test
    public void doPost() throws Exception {
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();

        //创建一个post对象
        HttpPost post = new HttpPost("http://localhost:8082/httpclient/post.html");
        //执行post请求
        CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(post);
        String string = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity());
        System.out.println(string);
        response.close();
        httpClient.close();
    }

SpringMVC的Controller本地模拟:http://localhost:8082/httpclient/post.html 


//测试:乱码produces= MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN_VALUE+";charset=utf-8"
    @RequestMapping(value="/httpclient/post", method= RequestMethod.POST, produces= MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN_VALUE+";charset=utf-8")
    @ResponseBody
    public String testPost(String username, String password) {
        String result = "username:" + username + "\tpassword:" + password;
        System.out.println(result);
        return "username:" + username + ",password:" + password;
    }


3.4、带参数的post请求

/*post 带参数请求*/
    @Test
    public void doPostWithParam() throws Exception{
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();

        //创建一个post对象
        HttpPost post = new HttpPost("http://localhost:8082/httpclient/param.html");
        //创建一个Entity。模拟一个表单
        List<NameValuePair> kvList = new ArrayList<>();
        kvList.add(new BasicNameValuePair("username", "zhangsan"));
        kvList.add(new BasicNameValuePair("password", "123"));

        //包装成一个Entity对象
        StringEntity entity = new UrlEncodedFormEntity(kvList, "utf-8");
        //设置请求的内容
        post.setEntity(entity);

        //执行post请求
        CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(post);
        String string = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity());
        System.out.println(string);
        response.close();
        httpClient.close();
    }

SpringMVC的Controller本地模拟:http://localhost:8082/httpclient/param 的Controller


//测试
    @RequestMapping(value = "/httpclient/param",method = RequestMethod.POST)
    @ResponseBody
    public String testPostParam(String username,String password){
        return "username:"+ username + "\tpassword:" +password;
    }






阅读更多

扫码向博主提问

陈郑游

非学,无以致疑;非问,无以广识
  • 擅长领域:
  • java
  • mysql
  • redis
去开通我的Chat快问
换一批

没有更多推荐了,返回首页