[Lintcode] Combination Sum II

Given a collection of candidate numbers (C) and a target number (T), find all unique combinations in C where the candidate numbers sums to T.

Each number in C may only be used once in the combination.

Example

Given candidate set [10,1,6,7,2,1,5] and target 8,

A solution set is:

[
  [1,7],
  [1,2,5],
  [2,6],
  [1,1,6]
]
递归即可。考虑去重。

public class Solution {
    /**
     * @param num: Given the candidate numbers
     * @param target: Given the target number
     * @return: All the combinations that sum to target
     */
    public List<List<Integer>> combinationSum2(int[] num, int target) {
        List<List<Integer>> res = new ArrayList<List<Integer>>();
        Arrays.sort(num);

        helper(res, new ArrayList<Integer>(), num, target, 0);
        return res;
    }
    
    void helper(List<List<Integer>> res, List<Integer> list, int[] num, int target, int index) {
        if(target == 0) {
            res.add(new ArrayList(list));
            return;
        }
        
        if(index >= num.length || target < 0) return;
        
        for(int i = index; i < num.length; i++) {
            list.add(num[i]);
            helper(res, list, num, target - num[i], i + 1);//i + 1 instead of index + 1
            while(i + 1 < num.length && num[i] == num[i + 1]) i += 1;//在helper之后去重
            //如果在helper之前去重的话,会漏掉结果集中存在重复元素的情况
            // 1 1 2 5 6 7 10 -> 1 1 2 OK 在helper前去重漏掉的情况
            // 1 1 2 5 6 7 10 -> 1 2 5, 1 2 5 KO 需要去重的情况
            list.remove(list.size() - 1);
        }
    }
}




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文章标签: lintcode
个人分类: 算法
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