Ubuntu18.04 远程命令行下安装并启动x11vnc



sudo apt-get install x11vnc
x11vnc -storepasswd
x11vnc -forever -shared -rfbauth ~/.vnc/passwd


04/12/2019 14:14:51 passing arg to libvncserver: -rfbauth
04/12/2019 14:14:51 passing arg to libvncserver: /home/ml/.vnc/passwd
04/12/2019 14:14:51 x11vnc version: 0.9.13 lastmod: 2011-08-10  pid: 21722
04/12/2019 14:14:51 XOpenDisplay("") failed.
04/12/2019 14:14:51 Trying again with XAUTHLOCALHOSTNAME=localhost ...
04/12/2019 14:14:51 
04/12/2019 14:14:51 *** XOpenDisplay failed. No -display or DISPLAY.
04/12/2019 14:14:51 *** Trying ":0" in 4 seconds.  Press Ctrl-C to abort.
04/12/2019 14:14:51 *** 1 2 3 4 
Invalid MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1 key04/12/2019 14:14:55 XOpenDisplay(":0") failed.
04/12/2019 14:14:55 Trying again with XAUTHLOCALHOSTNAME=localhost ...
Invalid MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1 key04/12/2019 14:14:55 XOpenDisplay(":0") failed.
04/12/2019 14:14:55 Trying again with unset XAUTHLOCALHOSTNAME ...
Invalid MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1 key04/12/2019 14:14:55 

04/12/2019 14:14:55 ***************************************
04/12/2019 14:14:55 *** XOpenDisplay failed (:0)

*** x11vnc was unable to open the X DISPLAY: ":0", it cannot continue.
*** There may be "Xlib:" error messages above with details about the failure.

Some tips and guidelines:

** An X server (the one you wish to view) must be running before x11vnc is
   started: x11vnc does not start the X server.  (however, see the -create
   option if that is what you really want).

** You must use -display <disp>, -OR- set and export your $DISPLAY
   environment variable to refer to the display of the desired X server.
 - Usually the display is simply ":0" (in fact x11vnc uses this if you forget
   to specify it), but in some multi-user situations it could be ":1", ":2",
   or even ":137".  Ask your administrator or a guru if you are having
   difficulty determining what your X DISPLAY is.

** Next, you need to have sufficient permissions (Xauthority) 
   to connect to the X DISPLAY.   Here are some Tips:

 - Often, you just need to run x11vnc as the user logged into the X session.
   So make sure to be that user when you type x11vnc.
 - Being root is usually not enough because the incorrect MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE
   file may be accessed.  The cookie file contains the secret key that
   allows x11vnc to connect to the desired X DISPLAY.
 - You can explicitly indicate which MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE file should be used
   by the -auth option, e.g.:
       x11vnc -auth /home/someuser/.Xauthority -display :0
       x11vnc -auth /tmp/.gdmzndVlR -display :0
   you must have read permission for the auth file.
   See also '-auth guess' and '-findauth' discussed below.

** If NO ONE is logged into an X session yet, but there is a greeter login
   program like "gdm", "kdm", "xdm", or "dtlogin" running, you will need
   to find and use the raw display manager MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE file.
   Some examples for various display managers:

     gdm:     -auth /var/gdm/:0.Xauth
              -auth /var/lib/gdm/:0.Xauth
     kdm:     -auth /var/lib/kdm/A:0-crWk72
              -auth /var/run/xauth/A:0-crWk72
     xdm:     -auth /var/lib/xdm/authdir/authfiles/A:0-XQvaJk
     dtlogin: -auth /var/dt/A:0-UgaaXa

   Sometimes the command "ps wwwwaux | grep auth" can reveal the file location.

   Starting with x11vnc 0.9.9 you can have it try to guess by using:

              -auth guess

   (see also the x11vnc -findauth option.)

   Only root will have read permission for the file, and so x11vnc must be run
   as root (or copy it).  The random characters in the filenames will of course
   change and the directory the cookie file resides in is system dependent.

See also: http://www.karlrunge.com/x11vnc/faq.html






sudo apt-get install x11vnc


sudo x11vnc -storepasswd


sudo vi /lib/systemd/system/x11vnc.service


Description=Start x11vnc at startup. 
ExecStart=/usr/bin/x11vnc -auth guess -forever -loop -noxdamage -repeat -rfbauth /home/USERNAME/.vnc/passwd -rfbport 5900 -shared 


sudo lightdm

5、 添加到服务中

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable x11vnc.service
sudo systemctl start x11vnc.service


sudo reboot


sudo netstat -an | grep 5900
tcp        0      0  *               LISTEN     
tcp6       0      0 :::5900                 :::*                    LISTEN






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