如何修改Ubuntu的源列表(source list)

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简介

Ubuntu缺省的配置的源并不是国内的服务器,下载更新软件都比较慢,本文介绍如何设置源列表,选择比较快的源以节省下载时间。

配置步骤

1. 备份源列表
sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_backup
2. 选择合适的源,替换原文件的内容,保存编辑好的文件
以阿里云更新服务器为例(从实际测试上结果分析,个人认为阿里云比网易和搜狐的服务器要快):
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ XXXXX-backports main restricted universe multiverse
根据具体使用的Ubuntu的版本不同,将上述文本中XXXXX替换为下面对应版本的字符串:
Utopic(14.10):      utopic
Trusty(14.04):      trusty
Precise(12.04):   precise
Lucid(10.04):       lucid
3. 刷新列表
sudo apt-get update
更新完毕后,再次安装源时,将从新服务器上下载源包。

备注:
Ubuntu 16.04 TLS版本镜像源:
# 默认注释了源码镜像以提高 apt update 速度,如有需要可自行取消注释
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse

# 预发布软件源,不建议启用
# deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
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