手把手搭建ssm框架(IDEA)

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网上有很多ssm框架的教程,特此总结。

前期准备:

  idea 2017.1

  jdk1.8

  Maven 3.3.9

开始搭建:

一、首先使用idea新建一个Maven webapp项目

  

  

  

  

 

这样就有了一个maven项目

关于maven,我有一篇初识maven的博客,可以参考:

https://blog.csdn.net/jjs15259655776/article/details/77096083

 

二、搭建目录结构

  我这里列出的是搭建完了之后所有的目录和文件,诸位先把目录文件建起来,然后我在给出文件内容

  

  这里的目录建好之后还需要设置一下,让idea识别目录作用,选择File-Project Structure

  

  设置完成后ok

 

三、配置文件内容

pom.xml文件内容:这是maven管理依赖的地方,也是maven被认可的最大原因。

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">

    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>com.chatRobot</groupId>
    <artifactId>ChatRobot</artifactId>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>ChatRobot Maven Webapp</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

    <properties>
        <!-- 设置项目编码编码 -->
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <!-- spring版本号 -->
        <spring.version>4.3.5.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <!-- mybatis版本号 -->
        <mybatis.version>3.4.1</mybatis.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>

        <!-- java ee -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax</groupId>
            <artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>
            <version>7.0</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 单元测试 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 实现slf4j接口并整合 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
            <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- JSON -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
            <version>2.8.7</version>
        </dependency>


        <!-- 数据库 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.41</version>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 数据库连接池 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
            <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
            <version>0.9.5.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- MyBatis -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>${mybatis.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- mybatis/spring整合包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- Spring -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <finalName>ChatRobot</finalName>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <!-- 设置JDK版本 -->
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

web.xml:这个配置总不能少吧。

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd"
         version="3.1">

    <display-name>ChatRobot</display-name>
    <description>ChatRobot_Alpha_0.0.1</description>

    <!-- 编码过滤器 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- 配置DispatcherServlet -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <!-- 配置springMVC需要加载的配置文件-->
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:spring-*.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
        <async-supported>true</async-supported>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <!-- 匹配所有请求,此处也可以配置成 *.do 形式 -->
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>

</web-app>

logback.xml:用于记录

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration debug="true">
    <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
    <root level="debug">
        <appender-ref ref="STDOUT"/>
    </root>
</configuration>

 

jdbc.properties:数据库的配置信息,这个并不难,根据自己的情况修改一下username和password吧少年,另外记得建数据库,然后把名字填上。

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
#数据库地址
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/xxxx?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8
#用户名
jdbc.username=xxxx
#密码
jdbc.password=xxxxx
#最大连接数
c3p0.maxPoolSize=30
#最小连接数
c3p0.minPoolSize=10
#关闭连接后不自动commit
c3p0.autoCommitOnClose=false
#获取连接超时时间
c3p0.checkoutTimeout=10000
#当获取连接失败重试次数
c3p0.acquireRetryAttempts=2

 

spring-mybatis.xml:只是把mybatis整合到spring的配置。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">

    <!-- 扫描service包下所有使用注解的类型 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.chatRobot.service"/>

    <!-- 配置数据库相关参数properties的属性:${url} -->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties"/>

    <!-- 数据库连接池 -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
        <property name="maxPoolSize" value="${c3p0.maxPoolSize}"/>
        <property name="minPoolSize" value="${c3p0.minPoolSize}"/>
        <property name="autoCommitOnClose" value="${c3p0.autoCommitOnClose}"/>
        <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="${c3p0.checkoutTimeout}"/>
        <property name="acquireRetryAttempts" value="${c3p0.acquireRetryAttempts}"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置SqlSessionFactory对象 -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <!-- 注入数据库连接池 -->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!-- 扫描model包 使用别名 -->
        <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.chatRobot.model"/>
        <!-- 扫描sql配置文件:mapper需要的xml文件 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置扫描Dao接口包,动态实现Dao接口,注入到spring容器中 -->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <!-- 注入sqlSessionFactory -->
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"/>
        <!-- 给出需要扫描Dao接口包 -->
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.chatRobot.dao"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置事务管理器 -->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <!-- 注入数据库连接池 -->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置基于注解的声明式事务 -->
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager"/>

</beans>

 

spring-mvc.xml:springMVC的配置,说实话,这个我也不是很熟。缝(网)缝(上)补(搜)补(搜),还有很多关于springMVC的tips,需要你在使用中,慢慢的接受。

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd">

    <!-- 扫描web相关的bean -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.chatRobot.controller"/>

    <!-- 开启SpringMVC注解模式 -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <!-- 静态资源默认servlet配置 -->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

    <!-- 配置jsp 显示ViewResolver -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView"/>
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/views/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>

</beans>


搭建完这些,就算是整合好springmvc了,之后就是测试的事情了

但是其实,不过不测试,会发现很多问题,在测试过程中,慢慢调整,就更能够熟练掌握ssm

四、测试

首先是数据库,我使用 navicat 手动建的,所以没有sql语句。抱歉啦

 

其次是配置项

 

控制器:UserController

package com.chatRobot.controller;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

import com.chatRobot.model.User;
import com.chatRobot.service.UserService;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController {

    @Resource
    private IUserService userService;

    @RequestMapping("/showUser.do")
    public void selectUser(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException {
        request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        long userId = Long.parseLong(request.getParameter("id"));
        User user = this.userService.selectUser(userId);
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        response.getWriter().write(mapper.writeValueAsString(user));
        response.getWriter().close();
    }

}

Dao层:UserDao

package com.chatRobot.dao;

import com.chatRobot.model.User;

public interface UserDao {

    User selectUser(long id);

}

Model层:User

package com.chatRobot.model;

import java.util.Date;

public class User {

    private long id;
    private String email;
    private String password;
    private String username;
    private String role;
    private int status;
    private Date regTime;
    private String regIp;

    public long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getEmail() {
        return email;
    }

    public void setEmail(String email) {
        this.email = email;
    }

    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }

    public void setPassword(String password) {
        this.password = password;
    }

    public String getUsername() {
        return username;
    }

    public void setUsername(String username) {
        this.username = username;
    }

    public String getRole() {
        return role;
    }

    public void setRole(String role) {
        this.role = role;
    }

    public int getStatus() {
        return status;
    }

    public void setStatus(int status) {
        this.status = status;
    }

    public Date getRegTime() {
        return regTime;
    }

    public void setRegTime(Date regTime) {
        this.regTime = regTime;
    }

    public String getRegIp() {
        return regIp;
    }

    public void setRegIp(String regIp) {
        this.regIp = regIp;
    }

}

 

Service层:UserService

package com.chatRobot.service;

import com.chatRobot.model.User;

public interface UserService {

    public User selectUser(long userId);

}

 

实现层:UserServiceImpl  这里是实现逻辑的地方。

package com.chatRobot.service.impl;

import com.chatRobot.dao.UserDao;
import com.chatRobot.model.User;
import com.chatRobot.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

@Service("userService")
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

    @Resource
    private UserDao userDao;

    public User selectUser(long userId) {
        return this.userDao.selectUser(userId);
    }

}

 

Mybaticd的配置文件:UserDao.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">

<!-- 设置为UserDao接口方法提供sql语句配置 -->
<mapper namespace="com.chatRobot.dao.UserDao">

    <select id="selectUser" resultType="User" parameterType="long">
        SELECT * FROM user WHERE id = #{id}
    </select>

</mapper>

 

 

继续新建个页面来测试springmvc和mybatis

index.html

 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>test</title>
</head>
<script>
    function selectUser() {
        var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
        xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function () {
            if (xmlhttp.readyState == 4 && xmlhttp.status == 200) {
                document.getElementById("test").innerHTML = xmlhttp.responseText;
            }
        }
        xmlhttp.open("POST", "user/showUser.do", true);
        xmlhttp.setRequestHeader("Content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
        xmlhttp.send("id=1");
    }
</script>
<body>
<p id="test">Hello World!</p>
<button type="button" onclick="selectUser()">onclick test</button>
</body>
</html>

 

 

最后运行项目,在打开的页面中点击按钮测试,成功的话会在页面上显示id为1的用户信息

ps:如果不知道怎么运行的骚年,可以搜一搜网上很多滴~~,  我就在这里提一嘴:仔细看 IDEA 下面的提示信息,然后点 fix it

fix it fix it    没错IDEA就是这么强。

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