MySQL5.7 利用延时复制来恢复有害的sql

前几天做的实验,基于时间点的恢复以及基于position的恢复有同样的问题,就是需要手动一个一个的应用所有binlog(除非  自己开发一个程序自动应用binlog) ,并且恢复到全备状态需要比较长的时间,并且有可能要停止服务一段时间。

如果有一个延时复制的备库,在备库执行有害语句之前就发现问题的话,那么基于时间点恢复就更快更容易了,而且是不需要停止主库的服务,只需要要slave库恢复完后主从切换就可以了。

下面做一个实验:

1.开启slave复制延时

Mysql (需5.6以上版本)延迟复制配置,通过设置Slave上的MASTER TO MASTER_DELAY参数实现: 
CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_DELAY = N; 

N为多少秒,该语句设置从数据库延时N秒后,再与主数据库进行数据同步复制 

设置slave延时600秒

mysql> stop slave;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.03 sec)

mysql> change master to master_delay=600;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> start slave;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> show slave status\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
               Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
                  Master_Host: 172.17.61.131
                  Master_User: repl
                  Master_Port: 3306
                Connect_Retry: 60
              Master_Log_File: mysql_bin.000037
          Read_Master_Log_Pos: 154
               Relay_Log_File: slave_relay_bin.000002
                Relay_Log_Pos: 320
        Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql_bin.000037
             Slave_IO_Running: Yes
            Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
。。。
          Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 154
              Relay_Log_Space: 527
。。。
             Master_Server_Id: 10000
                  Master_UUID: 8d8746fb-2cc6-11e8-b1b6-000c295c63e0
             Master_Info_File: /u01/mysql/master.info
                    SQL_Delay: 600
          SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL
      Slave_SQL_Running_State: Slave has read all relay log; waiting for more updates
           Master_Retry_Count: 86400
。。。
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

2.在master上做一些变更操作:

mysql> insert into t1 values(1,'A',11,1);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> insert into t1 values(2,'B',22,2);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.07 sec)

mysql> commit;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from t1;
+------+------+------+----+
| c1   | c2   | c5   | c6 |
+------+------+------+----+
|    1 | A    |   11 |  1 |
|    2 | B    |   22 |  2 |
+------+------+------+----+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

3.在master执行一个有害的sql,误删除表T1

mysql> drop table t1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

4.在slave查看同步的状态:

mysql> mysql> show slave status\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
               Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
                  Master_Host: 172.17.61.131
                  Master_User: repl
                  Master_Port: 3306
                Connect_Retry: 60
              Master_Log_File: mysql_bin.000037
          Read_Master_Log_Pos: 864
               Relay_Log_File: slave_relay_bin.000002
                Relay_Log_Pos: 320
        Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql_bin.000037
             Slave_IO_Running: Yes
            Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
。。。
                   Last_Errno: 0
                   Last_Error:
                 Skip_Counter: 0
          Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 154
              Relay_Log_Space: 1237
              Until_Condition: None
   。。。
             Master_Server_Id: 10000
                  Master_UUID: 8d8746fb-2cc6-11e8-b1b6-000c295c63e0
             Master_Info_File: /u01/mysql/master.info
                    SQL_Delay: 600
          SQL_Remaining_Delay: 522
      Slave_SQL_Running_State: Waiting until MASTER_DELAY seconds after master executed event
           Master_Retry_Count: 86400
              。。。
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Slave_SQL_Running_State正在等待MASTER_DELAY所设置的时间到达后再同步。

mysql> use l5m;
Database changed
mysql> select * from t1;
Empty set (0.10 sec)

变更的数据自然还没有被同步,暂时停掉slave的同步。

mysql> stop slave;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

此时master数据库是不受影响的,如果在master做些操作,看最后能不能slave仅仅是跳过了drop操作,能恢复对t2的操作。

mysql> insert into t2 values(1,'abc',22,33);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> commit;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from t2;
+------+------+------+----+
| c1   | c2   | c3   | c4 |
+------+------+------+----+
|    1 | abc  |   22 | 33 |
+------+------+------+----+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

5.查看master库drop操作的position:

[root@qht131 mysql]# mysqlbinlog mysql_bin.000037 | grep -n 'DROP'
73:DROP TABLE `t1` /* generated by server */
[root@qht131 mysql]# mysqlbinlog mysql_bin.000037 | sed -n '60,80p'
nm3YWhMQJwAAMQAAAF0CAAAAAGwAAAAAAAEAA2w1bQACdDEABAMPAwMCHgAHA2kBiA==
nm3YWh4QJwAAMgAAAI8CAAAAAGwAAAAAAAEAAgAE//ACAAAAAUIWAAAAAgAAAMVZ2os=
'/*!*/;
# at 655
#180419 18:21:18 server id 10000  end_log_pos 686 CRC32 0x19ac01c9      Xid = 33
COMMIT/*!*/;
# at 686
#180419 18:22:11 server id 10000  end_log_pos 751 CRC32 0x04591b0c      Anonymous_GTID  last_committed=2        sequence_number=3       rbr_only=no
SET @@SESSION.GTID_NEXT= 'ANONYMOUS'/*!*/;
# at 751
#180419 18:22:11 server id 10000  end_log_pos 864 CRC32 0xc587394c      Query  thread_id=4      exec_time=0     error_code=0
use `l5m`/*!*/;
SET TIMESTAMP=1524133331/*!*/;
DROP TABLE `t1` /* generated by server */
/*!*/;
SET @@SESSION.GTID_NEXT= 'AUTOMATIC' /* added by mysqlbinlog */ /*!*/;
DELIMITER ;
# End of log file
/*!50003 SET COMPLETION_TYPE=@OLD_COMPLETION_TYPE*/;
/*!50530 SET @@SESSION.PSEUDO_SLAVE_MODE=0*/;

通过mysqlbinlog查看,drop操作发生在mysql_bin.000037的#751,#751之前的事务是#686

6.在slave上使用start slave until来同步drop之前的事务

mysql> start slave until master_log_file='mysql_bin.000037',master_log_pos=686;
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.01 sec)

mysql> use l5m
Database changed
mysql> select * from t1;
+------+------+------+----+
| c1   | c2   | c5   | c6 |
+------+------+------+----+
|    1 | A    |   11 |  1 |
|    2 | B    |   22 |  2 |
+------+------+------+----+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)
mysql> show slave status\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
               Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
                  Master_Host: 172.17.61.131
                  Master_User: repl
                  Master_Port: 3306
                Connect_Retry: 60
              Master_Log_File: mysql_bin.000037
          Read_Master_Log_Pos: 864
               Relay_Log_File: slave_relay_bin.000002
                Relay_Log_Pos: 852
        Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql_bin.000037
             Slave_IO_Running: Yes
            Slave_SQL_Running: No
 。。。
          Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 686
              Relay_Log_Space: 1610
              Until_Condition: Master
               Until_Log_File: mysql_bin.000037
                Until_Log_Pos: 686
           Master_SSL_Allowed: No
          。。。
             Master_Server_Id: 10000
                  Master_UUID: 8d8746fb-2cc6-11e8-b1b6-000c295c63e0
             Master_Info_File: /u01/mysql/master.info
                    SQL_Delay: 600
          SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL
      Slave_SQL_Running_State:
           Master_Retry_Count: 86400
          。。。

7.设置sql_slave_skip_counter=1来调过有害的语句,之后重新打开slave复制

mysql> set global sql_slave_skip_counter=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
mysql> stop slave;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>  change master to master_delay=0;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> start slave;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)

重新打开slave之前需要先将master_delay设置为0来立即同步所有的操作(当然如果不至一条有害的sql需要过滤,则还不能立即同步后面所有的binlog)。

slave库的t1表drop之前的数据都完好无损,并且drop之后的操作也都同步了过来。

mysql> use l5m;
Database changed
mysql> select * from t1;
+------+------+------+----+
| c1   | c2   | c5   | c6 |
+------+------+------+----+
|    1 | A    |   11 |  1 |
|    2 | B    |   22 |  2 |
+------+------+------+----+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from t2;
+------+------+------+----+
| c1   | c2   | c3   | c4 |
+------+------+------+----+
|    1 | abc  |   22 | 33 |
+------+------+------+----+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

8.最后需要做的就是主从的切换操作,这样就实现了不停机操作对有害sql的恢复。


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