C#用鼠标钩子屏蔽任务栏右键弹出菜单

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最近遇到需要屏蔽任务栏的右键弹出菜单问题,小费了番周折,写出来希望对需要的人有帮助。

网上查了半天资料,修改注册表可以实现,但有个缺点需要重启机器,甚为不爽。还有用鼠标钩子截获鼠标右键消息来达到目的,这里需要注意一点,当鼠标右键释放时菜单才会弹出(由于开始只截获了鼠标按下的消息,程序一直不灵,一度怀疑用钩子实现的可能性,哎,细心细心啊)。

关于c#调用Windows API和钩子的使用,资料很多就不细说了。可以参考

http://blog.csdn.net/LeoMaya/archive/2007/05/18/1615052.aspx

http://blog.csdn.net/wztgq/archive/2006/08/02/1012132.aspx

还有两个Api的浏览器,相当不错

FoxAPI中文函数浏览器V1.5(有详细的Api函数的说明)

API Explorer V2.82(可以把Api函数转换成C#和VB.Net代码)

在Visual Studio 2005中调试通过,工程可在http://download.csdn.net/source/536490下载

///Author:danseshi
///Email:danseshi@yahoo.com.cn
///Bolg:http://blog.csdn.net/danseshi/
///Date:2008.7.12


using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Diagnostics;

namespace MouseHook
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        #region Fields

        private int hMouseHook = 0;

        //全局钩子常量
        private const int WH_MOUSE_LL = 14;

        //声明消息的常量,鼠标按下和释放
        private const int WM_RBUTTONDOWN = 0x204;
        private const int WM_RBUTTONUP = 0x205;
        //保存任务栏的矩形区域
        private Rectangle taskBarRect;
        private Rectangle newTaskBarRect;

        //定义委托
        public delegate int HookProc(int nCode, int wParam, IntPtr lParam);
        private HookProc MouseHookProcedure;

        #endregion 

        #region 声明Api函数,需要引入空间(System.Runtime.InteropServices)

        //寻找符合条件的窗口
        [DllImport("user32.dll", EntryPoint = "FindWindow")]
        public static extern int FindWindow(
            string lpClassName,
            string lpWindowName
        );

        //获取窗口的矩形区域
        [DllImport("user32.dll", EntryPoint = "GetWindowRect")]
        public static extern int GetWindowRect(
            int hwnd,
            ref Rectangle lpRect
        );

        //安装钩子
        [DllImport("user32.dll")]
        public static extern int SetWindowsHookEx(
            int idHook,
            HookProc lpfn,
            IntPtr hInstance,
            int threadId
        );

        //卸载钩子
        [DllImport("user32.dll", EntryPoint = "UnhookWindowsHookEx")]
        public static extern bool UnhookWindowsHookEx(
            int hHook
        );

        //调用下一个钩子
        [DllImport("user32.dll")]
        public static extern int CallNextHookEx(
            int idHook,
            int nCode,
            int wParam,
            IntPtr lParam
        );

        //获取当前线程的标识符
        [DllImport("kernel32.dll")]
        public static extern int GetCurrentThreadId();

        //获取一个应用程序或动态链接库的模块句柄
        [DllImport("kernel32.dll")]
        public static extern IntPtr GetModuleHandle(string name);

        //鼠标结构,保存了鼠标的信息
        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        public struct MOUSEHOOKSTRUCT
        {
            public Point pt;
            public int hwnd;
            public int wHitTestCode;
            public int dwExtraInfo;
        }

        #endregion

        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 安装钩子
        /// </summary>
        private void StartHook()
        {
            if (hMouseHook == 0)
            {
                hMouseHook = SetWindowsHookEx(WH_MOUSE_LL, MouseHookProcedure, GetModuleHandle(Process.GetCurrentProcess().MainModule.ModuleName), 0);

                if (hMouseHook == 0)
                {//如果设置钩子失败. 
                    this.StopHook();
                    MessageBox.Show("Set windows hook failed!");
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 卸载钩子
        /// </summary>
        private void StopHook()
        {
            bool stop = true;

            if (hMouseHook != 0)
            {
                stop = UnhookWindowsHookEx(hMouseHook);
                hMouseHook = 0;

                if (!stop)
                {//卸载钩子失败
                    MessageBox.Show("Unhook failed!");
                }
            }
        }

        private int MouseHookProc(int nCode, int wParam, IntPtr lParam)
        {
            if (nCode >= 0)
            {
                //把参数lParam在内存中指向的数据转换为MOUSEHOOKSTRUCT结构
                MOUSEHOOKSTRUCT mouse = (MOUSEHOOKSTRUCT)Marshal.PtrToStructure(lParam, typeof(MOUSEHOOKSTRUCT));//鼠标

                //这句为了看鼠标的位置
                this.Text = "MousePosition:" + mouse.pt.ToString();

                if (wParam == WM_RBUTTONDOWN || wParam == WM_RBUTTONUP)
                { //鼠标按下或者释放时候截获
                    if (newTaskBarRect.Contains(mouse.pt))
                    { //当鼠标在任务栏的范围内
                        //如果返回1,则结束消息,这个消息到此为止,不再传递。
                        //如果返回0或调用CallNextHookEx函数则消息出了这个钩子继续往下传递,也就是传给消息真正的接受者
                        return 1;
                    }
                }
            }
            return CallNextHookEx(hMouseHook, nCode, wParam, lParam);
        }

        #region Events

        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            MouseHookProcedure = new HookProc(MouseHookProc);

            //taskBarHandle为返回的任务栏的句柄
            //Shell_TrayWnd为任务栏的类名
            int taskBarHandle = FindWindow("Shell_TrayWnd", null);

            //获得任务栏的区域
            //有一点要注意,函数返回时,taskBarRect包含的是窗口的左上角和右下角的屏幕坐标
            //就是说taskBarRect.Width和taskBarRect.Height是相对于屏幕左上角(0,0)的数值
            //这与c#的Rectangle结构是不同的
            GetWindowRect(taskBarHandle, ref taskBarRect);

            this.richTextBox1.Text = "taskBarRect.Location:" + taskBarRect.Location.ToString() + "/n";
            this.richTextBox1.Text += "taskBarRect.Size:" + taskBarRect.Size.ToString() + "/n/n";

            //构造一个c#中的Rectangle结构
            newTaskBarRect = new Rectangle(
            taskBarRect.X,
            taskBarRect.Y,
            taskBarRect.Width - taskBarRect.X,
            taskBarRect.Height - taskBarRect.Y
            );

            this.richTextBox1.Text += "newTaskBarRect.Location:" + newTaskBarRect.Location.ToString() + "/n";
            this.richTextBox1.Text += "newTaskBarRect.Size:" + newTaskBarRect.Size.ToString();
        }

        private void Form1_FormClosing(object sender, FormClosingEventArgs e)
        {
            this.StopHook();
        }

        private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            this.StartHook();
            this.button1.Enabled = false;
            this.button2.Enabled = true;
        }

        private void button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            this.StopHook();
            this.button1.Enabled = true;
            this.button2.Enabled = false;
        }

        #endregion
    }
}


转载自:http://blog.csdn.net/danseshi/article/details/2643440

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