sqlzoo练习答案--Using Null

teacher
iddeptnamephonemobile
1011Shrivell275307986 555 1234
1021Throd275407122 555 1920
1031Splint2293 
104 Spiregrain3287 
1052Cutflower321207996 555 6574
106 Deadyawn3345 
...
dept
idname
1Computing
2Design
3Engineering
...


1、

List the teachers who have NULL for their department.

Why we cannot use =

You might think that the phrase dept=NULL would work here but it doesn't - you can use the phrase dept IS NULL

That's not a proper explanation.

No it's not, but you can read a better explanation at Wikipedia:NULL

select name from teacher where dept IS NULL

2、Note the INNER JOIN misses the teachers with no department and the departments with no teacher.

SELECT teacher.name, dept.name
 FROM teacher INNER JOIN dept
           ON (teacher.dept=dept.id)

3、Use a different JOIN so that all teachers are listed.

SELECT teacher.name, dept.name
 FROM teacher left JOIN dept
           ON (teacher.dept=dept.id)

4、Use a different JOIN so that all departments are listed

SELECT teacher.name, dept.name
 FROM teacher right JOIN dept
           ON (teacher.dept=dept.id)

5、Use COALESCE to print the mobile number. Use the number '07986 444 2266' if there is no number given. Show teacher name and mobile number or '07986 444 2266'

select name,COALESCE(mobile,'07986 444 2266') from teacher

6、Use the COALESCE function and a LEFT JOIN to print the teacher nameand department name. Use the string 'None' where there is no department.

SELECT teacher.name, COALESCE(dept.name,'None')
 FROM teacher left JOIN dept
           ON (teacher.dept=dept.id)

7、Use COUNT to show the number of teachers and the number of mobile phones.

SELECT count(name),count(mobile) FROM teacher

8、Use COUNT and GROUP BY dept.name to show each department and the number of staff. Use a RIGHT JOIN to ensure that the Engineering department is listed.

select dept.name ,count(teacher.name) from teacher right join dept on teacher.dept=dept.id group by dept.name 

9、Use CASE to show the name of each teacher followed by 'Sci' if the teacher is in dept 1 or 2 and 'Art' otherwise.

select name,
case when dept in(1,2) then 'Sci'
else 'Art' end
from teacher

10、Use CASE to show the name of each teacher followed by 'Sci' if the teacher is in dept 1 or 2, show 'Art' if the teacher's dept is 3 and 'None' otherwise.

select name,
case when dept in(1,2) then 'Sci'
when dept=3 then 'Art'
else 'None' end
from teacher


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