SpringBoot初始教程之Servlet、Filter、Listener配置(七)

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SpringBoot初始教程之Servlet、Filter、Listener配置(七)

1.介绍

通过之前的文章来看,SpringBoot涵盖了很多配置,但是往往一些配置是采用原生的Servlet进行的,但是在SpringBoot中不需要配置web.xml的
因为有可能打包之后是一个jar包的形式,这种情况下如何解决?SpringBoot 提供了两种方案进行解决

2.快速开始

2.1 方案一

方案一采用原生Servlet3.0的注解进行配置、@WebServlet@WebListener@WebFilter是Servlet3.0 api中提供的注解
通过注解可以完全代替web.xml中的配置,下面是一个简单的配置

IndexServlet


    @WebServlet(name = "IndexServlet",urlPatterns = "/hello")
    public class IndexServlet extends HttpServlet {
        @Override
        public void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, IOException {
            resp.getWriter().print("hello word");
            resp.getWriter().flush();
            resp.getWriter().close();
        }

        @Override
        protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, IOException {
            this.doGet(req, resp);
        }
    }

IndexListener

    @WebListener
    public class IndexListener implements ServletContextListener {
        private Log log = LogFactory.getLog(IndexListener.class);

        @Override
        public void contextInitialized(ServletContextEvent servletContextEvent) {
            log.info("IndexListener contextInitialized");
        }

        @Override
        public void contextDestroyed(ServletContextEvent servletContextEvent) {

        }
    }

IndexFilter


    @WebFilter(urlPatterns = "/*", filterName = "indexFilter")
    public class IndexFilter implements Filter {
        Log log = LogFactory.getLog(IndexFilter.class);

        @Override
        public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
            log.info("init IndexFilter");
        }

        @Override
        public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse, FilterChain filterChain) throws IOException, ServletException {
            log.info("doFilter IndexFilter");
            filterChain.doFilter(servletRequest,servletResponse);

        }

        @Override
        public void destroy() {

        }
    }

上面配置完了,需要配置一个核心的注解@ServletComponentScan,具体配置项如下,可以配置扫描的路径


    @Target(ElementType.TYPE)
    @Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
    @Documented
    @Import(ServletComponentScanRegistrar.class)
    public @interface ServletComponentScan {


        @AliasFor("basePackages")
        String[] value() default {};


        @AliasFor("value")
        String[] basePackages() default {};


        Class<?>[] basePackageClasses() default {};

    }

把注解加到入口处启动即可


    @SpringBootApplication
    @ServletComponentScan
    public class AppApplication {

        public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
            SpringApplication.run(AppApplication.class, args);
        }

    }

2.2 方案二

方案二是采用自己SpringBoot 配置bean的方式进行配置的,SpringBoot提供了三种BeanFilterRegistrationBeanServletRegistrationBeanServletListenerRegistrationBean
分别对应配置原生的Filter、Servlet、Listener,下面提供的三个配置和方案一采用的方式能够达到统一的效果


    @Bean
    public ServletRegistrationBean indexServletRegistration() {
        ServletRegistrationBean registration = new ServletRegistrationBean(new IndexServlet());
        registration.addUrlMappings("/hello");
        return registration;
    }

    @Bean
    public FilterRegistrationBean indexFilterRegistration() {
        FilterRegistrationBean registration = new FilterRegistrationBean(new IndexFilter());
        registration.addUrlPatterns("/");
        return registration;
    }
    @Bean
    public ServletListenerRegistrationBean servletListenerRegistrationBean(){
        ServletListenerRegistrationBean servletListenerRegistrationBean = new ServletListenerRegistrationBean();
        servletListenerRegistrationBean.setListener(new IndexListener());
        return servletListenerRegistrationBean;
    }

3.总结

两种方案在使用上有差别,但是在内部SpringBoot的实现上是无差别的,即使使用的是Servlet3.0注解,也是通过扫描注解
转换成这三种bean的FilterRegistrationBeanServletRegistrationBeanServletListenerRegistrationBean

4.扩展

大家在使用的时候有没有发觉,其实SpringBoot在使用SpringMvc的时候不需要配置DispatcherServlet的,因为已经自动配置了,
但是如果想要加一些初始配置参数如何解决,方案如下:


    @Bean
    public ServletRegistrationBean dispatcherRegistration(DispatcherServlet dispatcherServlet) {
        ServletRegistrationBean registration = new ServletRegistrationBean(dispatcherServlet);
        registration.addUrlMappings("*.do");
        registration.addUrlMappings("*.json");
        return registration;
    }

可以通过注入DispatcherServlet 然后用ServletRegistrationBean包裹一层 动态的加上一些初始参数

本文代码

https://git.oschina.net/wangkang_daydayup/SpringBoot-Learn/tree/master

springboot-7

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