poj 3678 Katu Puzzle 2-SAT 有n个变量,每个可以取0或者1,再给出m组关系,每组关系都是两个变量进行运算可以得到的结果,运算有AND OR XOR三种,问能否满足这些关系,

Description

Katu Puzzle is presented as a directed graph G(V, E) with each edge e(a, b) labeled by a boolean operator op (one of AND, OR, XOR) and an integer c (0 ≤ c ≤ 1). One Katu is solvable if one can find each vertex Vi a value Xi (0 ≤ Xi ≤ 1) such that for each edge e(a, b) labeled by op and c, the following formula holds:

 Xa op Xb = c

The calculating rules are:

AND 0 1
0 0 0
1 0 1
OR 0 1
0 0 1
1 1 1
XOR 0 1
0 0 1
1 1 0

Given a Katu Puzzle, your task is to determine whether it is solvable.

Input

The first line contains two integers N (1 ≤ N ≤ 1000) and M,(0 ≤ M ≤ 1,000,000) indicating the number of vertices and edges.
The following M lines contain three integers a (0 ≤ a < N), b(0 ≤ b < N), c and an operator op each, describing the edges.

Output

Output a line containing "YES" or "NO".

Sample Input

4 4
0 1 1 AND
1 2 1 OR
3 2 0 AND
3 0 0 XOR

Sample Output

YES

Hint

X0 = 1, X1 = 1, X2 = 0, X3 = 1.

 

 //

 

 

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include<cmath>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
const int maxn=2100000;
int V,E;//点数(1) 边数
struct edge//邻接表
{
    int t,w;//u->t=w;
    int next;
};
int p[maxn];//表头节点
edge G[maxn];
int l;
void init()
{
    memset(p,-1,sizeof(p));
    l=0;
}
//添加边
void addedge(int u,int t,int w)//u->t=w;
{
    G[l].w=w;
    G[l].t=t;
    G[l].next=p[u];
    p[u]=l++;
}
//tarjan算法 求有向图强联通分量
int dfn[maxn],lowc[maxn];
//dfn[u]节点u搜索的次序编号,lowc[u]u或者u的子树能够追溯到的栈中的最早的节点
int belg[maxn];//第i个节点属于belg[i]个强连通分量
int stck[maxn],stop;//stck栈
int instck[maxn];//第i个节点是否在栈中
int scnt;//强联通分量
int index;
void dfs(int i)
{
    dfn[i]=lowc[i]=++index;
    instck[i]=1;//节点i入栈
    stck[++stop]=i;
    for(int j=p[i];j!=-1;j=G[j].next)
    {
        int t=G[j].t;
        //更新lowc数组
        if(!dfn[t])//t没有遍历过
        {
        dfs(t);
        if(lowc[i]>lowc[t]) lowc[i]=lowc[t];
        }//t是i的祖先节点
        else if(instck[t]&&lowc[i]>dfn[t]) lowc[i]=dfn[t];
    }
    //是强连通分量的根节点
    if(dfn[i]==lowc[i])
    {
    scnt++;
    int t;
    do
    {
        t=stck[stop--];
        instck[t]=0;
        belg[t]=scnt;
        }while(t!=i);
    }
}
int tarjan()
{
    stop=scnt=index=0;
    memset(dfn,0,sizeof(dfn));
    memset(instck,0,sizeof(instck));
    for(int i=1;i<=V;i++)
    {
        if(!dfn[i]) dfs(i);
    }
    return scnt;
}
int main()
{
    int n;
    while(scanf("%d%d",&n,&E)==2)
    {
        V=2*n;//1 <=n 0 <=2*n
        init();
        for(int i=0;i<E;i++)
        {
            int u,v,s;
            char str[10];
            scanf("%d%d%d%s",&u,&v,&s,str);u++,v++;
            if(str[0]=='A')
            {
                if(s==1)
                {
                    addedge(u,v,1);
                    addedge(v,u,1);
                    addedge(u+n,u,1);//u,v必选
                    addedge(v+n,v,1);
                }
                else
                {
                    addedge(u,v+n,1);
                    addedge(v,u+n,1);
                }
            }
            else if(str[0]=='O')
            {
                if(s==0)
                {
                    addedge(u+n,v+n,1);
                    addedge(v+n,u+n,1);
                    addedge(u,u+n,1);// !u,!v必选
                    addedge(v,v+n,1);
                }
                else
                {
                    addedge(u+n,v,1);
                    addedge(v+n,u,1);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                if(s==0)
                {
                    addedge(u+n,v+n,1);
                    addedge(v+n,u+n,1);
                    addedge(u,v,1);
                    addedge(v,u,1);
                }
                else
                {
                    addedge(u,v+n,1);
                    addedge(v,u+n,1);
                    addedge(u+n,v,1);
                    addedge(v+n,u,1);
                }
            }
        }
        tarjan();
        int flag=1;
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        {
            if(belg[i]==belg[i+n])
            {
                flag=0;break;
            }
        }
        if(flag) printf("YES\n");
        else printf("NO\n");
    }
    return 0;
}

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