SQL SERVER表数据导出至EXCEL文件(转)

if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N'[dbo].[p_exporttb]') and OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1)
drop procedure [dbo].[p_exporttb]
GO

/*--数据导出EXCEL
 
 导出查询中的数据到Excel,包含字段名,文件为真正的Excel文件
 如果文件不存在,将自动创建文件
 如果表不存在,将自动创建表
 基于通用性考虑,仅支持导出标准数据类型

--邹建 2003.10(引用请保留此信息)--*/

/*--调用示例

 p_exporttb @sqlstr='select * from 地区资料'
  ,@path='c:/',@fname='aa.xls',@sheetname='地区资料'
--*/
create proc p_exporttb
@sqlstr varchar(8000),   --查询语句,如果查询语句中使用了order by ,请加上top 100 percent
@path nvarchar(1000),   --文件存放目录
@fname nvarchar(250),   --文件名
@sheetname varchar(250)=''  --要创建的工作表名,默认为文件名
as
declare @err int,@src nvarchar(255),@desc nvarchar(255),@out int
declare @obj int,@constr nvarchar(1000),@sql varchar(8000),@fdlist varchar(8000)

--参数检测
if isnull(@fname,'')='' set @fname='temp.xls'
if isnull(@sheetname,'')='' set @sheetname=replace(@fname,'.','#')

--检查文件是否已经存在
if right(@path,1)<>'/' set @path=@path+'/'
create table #tb(a bit,b bit,c bit)
set @sql=@path+@fname
insert into #tb exec master..xp_fileexist @sql

--数据库创建语句
set @sql=@path+@fname
if exists(select 1 from #tb where a=1)
 set @constr='DRIVER={Microsoft Excel Driver (*.xls)};DSN='''';READONLY=FALSE'
       +';CREATE_DB="'+@sql+'";DBQ='+@sql
else
 set @constr='Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Extended Properties="Excel 8.0;HDR=YES'
    +';DATABASE='+@sql+'"'

--连接数据库
exec @err=sp_oacreate 'adodb.connection',@obj out
if @err<>0 goto lberr

exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'open',null,@constr
if @err<>0 goto lberr

--创建表的SQL
declare @tbname sysname
set @tbname='##tmp_'+convert(varchar(38),newid())
set @sql='select * into ['+@tbname+'] from('+@sqlstr+') a'
exec(@sql)

select @sql='',@fdlist=''
select @fdlist=@fdlist+',['+a.name+']'
 ,@sql=@sql+',['+a.name+'] '
  +case
   when b.name like '%char'
   then case when a.length>255 then 'memo'
    else 'text('+cast(a.length as varchar)+')' end
   when b.name like '%int' or b.name='bit' then 'int'
   when b.name like '%datetime' then 'datetime'
   when b.name like '%money' then 'money'
   when b.name like '%text' then 'memo'
   else b.name end
FROM tempdb..syscolumns a left join tempdb..systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype
where b.name not in('image','uniqueidentifier','sql_variant','varbinary','binary','timestamp')
 and a.id=(select id from tempdb..sysobjects where name=@tbname)

if @@rowcount=0 return

select @sql='create table ['+@sheetname
 +']('+substring(@sql,2,8000)+')'
 ,@fdlist=substring(@fdlist,2,8000)

exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'execute',@out out,@sql
if @err<>0 goto lberr

exec @err=sp_oadestroy @obj

--导入数据
set @sql='openrowset(''MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'',''Excel 8.0;HDR=YES
   ;DATABASE='+@path+@fname+''',['+@sheetname+'$])'

exec('insert into '+@sql+'('+@fdlist+') select '+@fdlist+' from ['+@tbname+']')

set @sql='drop table ['+@tbname+']'
exec(@sql)
return

lberr:
 exec sp_oageterrorinfo 0,@src out,@desc out
lbexit:
 select cast(@err as varbinary(4)) as 错误号
  ,@src as 错误源,@desc as 错误描述
 select @sql,@constr,@fdlist
go

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