Caffe-Python接口常用API参考

官网也有提供demo

http://nbviewer.jupyter.org/github/BVLC/caffe/blob/master/examples/net_surgery.ipynb

本文整理了pycaffe中常用的API

Packages导入

1
2
3
import caffe
from caffe import layers as L
from caffe import params as P

Layers定义

Data层定义

lmdb/leveldb Data层定义

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
L.Data( 
        source=lmdb,
        backend=P.Data.LMDB,
        batch_size=batch_size, ntop=2,
        transform_param=dict(
                              crop_size=227,
                              mean_value=[104, 117, 123],
                              mirror=True
                              )
        )

HDF5 Data层定义

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
L.HDF5Data(
            hdf5_data_param={
                            'source': './training_data_paths.txt',  
                            'batch_size': 64
                            },
            include={
                    'phase': caffe.TRAIN
                    }
            )

ImageData Data层定义

适用于txt文件一行记录一张图片的数据源

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
L.ImageData(
                source=list_path,
                batch_size=batch_size,
                new_width=48,
                new_height=48,
                ntop=2,
                ransform_param=dict(crop_size=40,mirror=True)
                )

Convloution层定义

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
L.Convolution(  
                bottom, 
                kernel_size=ks, 
                stride=stride,
                num_output=nout, 
                pad=pad, 
                group=group
                )

LRN层定义

1
2
3
4
5
6
L.LRN(
        bottom, 
        local_size=5, 
        alpha=1e-4, 
        beta=0.75
        )

Activation层定义

ReLU层定义

1
2
3
4
L.ReLU(
        bottom, 
        in_place=True
        )

Pooling层定义

1
2
3
4
5
6
L.Pooling(
            bottom,
            pool=P.Pooling.MAX, 
            kernel_size=ks, 
            stride=stride
            )

FullConnect层定义

1
2
3
4
L.InnerProduct(
                bottom, 
                num_output=nout
                )

Dropout层定义

1
2
3
4
L.Dropout(
            bottom, 
            in_place=True
            )

Loss层定义

1
2
3
4
L.SoftmaxWithLoss(
                    bottom, 
                    label
                    )

Accuracy层定义

1
2
3
4
L.Accuracy(
            bottom,
            label
            )

转换为proto文本

1
2
3
4
caffe.to_proto(
                loss, 
                acc     #训练阶段可以删去Accuracy层
                )

Solver定义

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
from caffe.proto import caffe_pb2

s = caffe_pb2.SolverParameter()

path='/home/xxx/data/'
solver_file=path+'solver.prototxt'     #solver文件保存位置

s.train_net = path+'train.prototxt'     # 训练配置文件
s.test_net.append(path+'val.prototxt')  # 测试配置文件
s.test_interval = 782                   # 测试间隔
s.test_iter.append(313)                 # 测试迭代次数
s.max_iter = 78200                      # 最大迭代次数

s.base_lr = 0.001                       # 基础学习率
s.momentum = 0.9                        # momentum系数
s.weight_decay = 5e-4                   # 权值衰减系数
s.lr_policy = 'step'                    # 学习率衰减方法
s.stepsize=26067                        # 此值仅对step方法有效
s.gamma = 0.1                           # 学习率衰减指数
s.display = 782                         # 屏幕日志显示间隔
s.snapshot = 7820
s.snapshot_prefix = 'shapshot'
s.type = “SGD”                          # 优化算法
s.solver_mode = caffe_pb2.SolverParameter.GPU

with open(solver_file, 'w') as f:
    f.write(str(s))

Model训练

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
# 训练设置
# 使用GPU
caffe.set_device(gpu_id) # 若不设置,默认为0
caffe.set_mode_gpu()
# 使用CPU
caffe.set_mode_cpu()

# 加载Solver,有两种常用方法
# 1. 无论模型中Slover类型是什么统一设置为SGD
solver = caffe.SGDSolver('/home/xxx/data/solver.prototxt') 
# 2. 根据solver的prototxt中solver_type读取,默认为SGD
solver = caffe.get_solver('/home/xxx/data/solver.prototxt')

# 训练模型
# 1.1 前向传播
solver.net.forward()  # train net
solver.test_nets[0].forward()  # test net (there can be more than one)
# 1.2 反向传播,计算梯度
solver.net.backward()
# 2. 进行一次前向传播一次反向传播并根据梯度更新参数
solver.step(1)
# 3. 根据solver文件中设置进行完整model训练
solver.solve()

如果想在训练过程中保存模型参数,调用

1
solver.net.save('mymodel.caffemodel')

分类图片

加载Model数据

1
2
3
4
5
net = caffe.Net(
        deploy_prototxt_path,   # 用于分类的网络定义文件路径
        caffe_model_path,       # 训练好模型路径
        caffe.TEST              # 设置为测试阶段
        )

中值文件转换

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
# 编写一个函数,将二进制的均值转换为python的均值
def convert_mean(binMean,npyMean):
    blob = caffe.proto.caffe_pb2.BlobProto()
    bin_mean = open(binMean, 'rb' ).read()
    blob.ParseFromString(bin_mean)
    arr = np.array( caffe.io.blobproto_to_array(blob) )
    npy_mean = arr[0]
    np.save(npyMean, npy_mean )

# 调用函数转换均值
binMean='examples/cifar10/mean.binaryproto'
npyMean='examples/cifar10/mean.npy'
convert_mean(binMean,npyMean)

图片预处理

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
# 设定图片的shape格式为网络data层格式
transformer = caffe.io.Transformer({'data': net.blobs['data'].data.shape})
# 改变维度的顺序,由原始图片维度(width, height, channel)变为(channel, width, height)
transformer.set_transpose('data', (2,0,1)) 
# 减去均值,注意要先将binaryproto格式均值文件转换为npy格式[此步根据训练model时设置可选]
transformer.set_mean('data', np.load(mean_file_path).mean(1).mean(1))
# 缩放到[0,255]之间
transformer.set_raw_scale('data', 255)
# 交换通道,将图片由RGB变为BGR
transformer.set_channel_swap('data', (2,1,0))

# 加载图片
im=caffe.io.load_image(img)

# 执行上面设置的图片预处理操作,并将图片载入到blob中
net.blobs['data'].data[...] = transformer.preprocess('data',im)

执行测试

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
#执行测试
out = net.forward()

labels = np.loadtxt(labels_filename, str, delimiter='\t')   #读取类别名称文件
prob= net.blobs['Softmax1'].data[0].flatten() #取出最后一层(Softmax)属于某个类别的概率值,并打印
print prob
order=prob.argsort()[0]  #将概率值排序,取出最大值所在的序号 
print 'the class is:',labels[order]   #将该序号转换成对应的类别名称,并打印

# 取出前五个较大值所在的序号
top_inds = prob.argsort()[::-1][:5]
print 'probabilities and labels:' zip(prob[top_inds], labels[top_inds])

各层信息显示

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
# params显示:layer名,w,b
for layer_name, param in net.params.items():
    print layer_name + '\t' + str(param[0].data.shape), str(param[1].data.shape)

# blob显示:layer名,输出的blob维度
for layer_name, blob in net.blobs.items():
    print layer_name + '\t' + str(blob.data.shape)

自定义函数:参数/卷积结果可视化

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.image as mpimg
import caffe
%matplotlib inline

plt.rcParams['figure.figsize'] = (8, 8)
plt.rcParams['image.interpolation'] = 'nearest'
plt.rcParams['image.cmap'] = 'gray'

def show_data(data, padsize=1, padval=0):
"""Take an array of shape (n, height, width) or (n, height, width, 3)
       and visualize each (height, width) thing in a grid of size approx. sqrt(n) by sqrt(n)"""
    # data归一化
    data -= data.min()
    data /= data.max()
    
    # 根据data中图片数量data.shape[0],计算最后输出时每行每列图片数n
    n = int(np.ceil(np.sqrt(data.shape[0])))
    # padding = ((图片个数维度的padding),(图片高的padding), (图片宽的padding), ....)
    padding = ((0, n ** 2 - data.shape[0]), (0, padsize), (0, padsize)) + ((0, 0),) * (data.ndim - 3)
    data = np.pad(data, padding, mode='constant', constant_values=(padval, padval))
    
    # 先将padding后的data分成n*n张图像
    data = data.reshape((n, n) + data.shape[1:]).transpose((0, 2, 1, 3) + tuple(range(4, data.ndim + 1)))
    # 再将(n, W, n, H)变换成(n*w, n*H)
    data = data.reshape((n * data.shape[1], n * data.shape[3]) + data.shape[4:])
    plt.figure()
    plt.imshow(data,cmap='gray')
    plt.axis('off')

# 示例:显示第一个卷积层的输出数据和权值(filter)
print net.blobs['conv1'].data[0].shape
show_data(net.blobs['conv1'].data[0])
print net.params['conv1'][0].data.shape
show_data(net.params['conv1'][0].data.reshape(32*3,5,5))

自定义:训练过程Loss&Accuracy可视化

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt  
import caffe   
caffe.set_device(0)  
caffe.set_mode_gpu()   
# 使用SGDSolver,即随机梯度下降算法  
solver = caffe.SGDSolver('/home/xxx/mnist/solver.prototxt')  
  
# 等价于solver文件中的max_iter,即最大解算次数  
niter = 10000 

# 每隔100次收集一次loss数据  
display= 100  
  
# 每次测试进行100次解算 
test_iter = 100

# 每500次训练进行一次测试
test_interval =500
  
#初始化 
train_loss = zeros(ceil(niter * 1.0 / display))   
test_loss = zeros(ceil(niter * 1.0 / test_interval))  
test_acc = zeros(ceil(niter * 1.0 / test_interval))  
  
# 辅助变量  
_train_loss = 0; _test_loss = 0; _accuracy = 0  
# 进行解算  
for it in range(niter):  
    # 进行一次解算  
    solver.step(1)  
    # 统计train loss  
    _train_loss += solver.net.blobs['SoftmaxWithLoss1'].data  
    if it % display == 0:  
        # 计算平均train loss  
        train_loss[it // display] = _train_loss / display  
        _train_loss = 0  
  
    if it % test_interval == 0:  
        for test_it in range(test_iter):  
            # 进行一次测试  
            solver.test_nets[0].forward()  
            # 计算test loss  
            _test_loss += solver.test_nets[0].blobs['SoftmaxWithLoss1'].data  
            # 计算test accuracy  
            _accuracy += solver.test_nets[0].blobs['Accuracy1'].data  
        # 计算平均test loss  
        test_loss[it / test_interval] = _test_loss / test_iter  
        # 计算平均test accuracy  
        test_acc[it / test_interval] = _accuracy / test_iter  
        _test_loss = 0  
        _accuracy = 0  
  
# 绘制train loss、test loss和accuracy曲线  
print '\nplot the train loss and test accuracy\n'  
_, ax1 = plt.subplots()  
ax2 = ax1.twinx()  
  
# train loss -> 绿色  
ax1.plot(display * arange(len(train_loss)), train_loss, 'g')  
# test loss -> 黄色  
ax1.plot(test_interval * arange(len(test_loss)), test_loss, 'y')  
# test accuracy -> 红色  
ax2.plot(test_interval * arange(len(test_acc)), test_acc, 'r')  
  
ax1.set_xlabel('iteration')  
ax1.set_ylabel('loss')  
ax2.set_ylabel('accuracy')  
plt.show()
发布了347 篇原创文章 · 获赞 607 · 访问量 261万+
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 技术黑板 设计师: CSDN官方博客

分享到微信朋友圈

×

扫一扫,手机浏览