tomcat部署项目时出错(Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardC)

构建了一个maven项目,tomcat发布的时候报错:

SEVERE: ContainerBase.addChild: start: 
org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/sshe]]
	at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:154)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:901)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:877)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:633)
	at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1114)
	at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1673)
	at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:471)
	at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask$Sync.innerRun(FutureTask.java:334)
	at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:166)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1110)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:603)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722)
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Filter mapping specifies an unknown filter name struts2
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.validateFilterMap(StandardContext.java:3018)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.addFilterMap(StandardContext.java:2983)
	at org.apache.catalina.deploy.WebXml.configureContext(WebXml.java:1271)
	at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.webConfig(ContextConfig.java:1353)
	at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.configureStart(ContextConfig.java:878)
	at org.apache.catalina.startup.ContextConfig.lifecycleEvent(ContextConfig.java:369)
	at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:119)
	at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleBase.java:90)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5179)
	at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150)
	... 11 more
三月 04, 2013 11:38:06 下午 org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig deployDirectory
SEVERE: Error deploying web application directory D:\Project\tomcat\tomcat-7.0.35\webapps\sshe
java.lang.IllegalStateException: ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/sshe]]
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:904)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:877)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:633)
	at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1114)
	at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1673)
	at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:471)
	at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask$Sync.innerRun(FutureTask.java:334)
	at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:166)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1110)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:603)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722)

最后找到原因,原来是web.xml文件配置错误:

<!-- 错误配置 filter-name:strust2 同filter-mapping中的filter-name不符 -->
	<filter>
		<filter-name>strust2</filter-name>
		<filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter</filter-class>
	</filter>
	<filter-mapping>
		<filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
		<url-pattern>*.action</url-pattern>
	</filter-mapping>
	
	<!-- 正确配置 -->
	<filter>
		<filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
		<filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter</filter-class>
	</filter>
	<filter-mapping>
		<filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
		<url-pattern>*.action</url-pattern>
	</filter-mapping>


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