Elasticsearch相关API操作

操作环境准备

pom文件内容:

<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>junit</groupId>
			<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
			<version>3.8.1</version>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.elasticsearch</groupId>
			<artifactId>elasticsearch</artifactId>
			<version>5.2.2</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.elasticsearch.client</groupId>
			<artifactId>transport</artifactId>
			<version>5.2.2</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
			<artifactId>log4j-core</artifactId>
			<version>2.9.0</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

设置log4j2.xml文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<Configuration xmlns="http://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.0/config">
    <Appenders>
        <Console name="Console" target="SYSTEM_OUT">
            <PatternLayout pattern="%m%n"></PatternLayout>
        </Console>
    </Appenders>
    <Loggers>
        <Root level="INFO">
            <AppenderRef ref="Console"></AppenderRef>
        </Root>
    </Loggers>
</Configuration>

获取TransportClient

(1)ElasticSearch服务默认端口9300。

(2)Web管理平台端口9200。

private TransportClient client;

	@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
	@Before
	public void getClient() throws Exception {

		// 1 设置连接的集群名称
		Settings settings = Settings.builder().put("cluster.name", "my-application").build();

		// 2 连接集群
		client = new PreBuiltTransportClient(settings);
		client.addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress(InetAddress.getByName("hadoop102"), 9300));

		// 3 打印集群名称
		System.out.println(client.toString());
	}

创建索引

@Test
	public void createIndex_blog(){
		// 1 创建索引
		client.admin().indices().prepareCreate("blog2").get();
		
		// 2 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}
删除索引

@Test
	public void deleteIndex(){
		// 1 删除索引
		client.admin().indices().prepareDelete("blog2").get();
		
		// 2 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}
新建文档(数据源json串)

当直接在ElasticSearch建立文档对象时,如果索引不存在的,默认会自动创建,映射采用默认方式。

ElasticSearch服务默认端口9300

Web管理平台端口9200

@Test
	public void createIndexByJson() throws UnknownHostException {

		// 1 文档数据准备
		String json = "{" + "\"id\":\"1\"," + "\"title\":\"基于Lucene的搜索服务器\","
				+ "\"content\":\"它提供了一个分布式多用户能力的全文搜索引擎,基于RESTful web接口\"" + "}";

		// 2 创建文档
		IndexResponse indexResponse = client.prepareIndex("blog", "article", "1").setSource(json).execute().actionGet();

		// 3 打印返回的结果
		System.out.println("index:" + indexResponse.getIndex());
		System.out.println("type:" + indexResponse.getType());
		System.out.println("id:" + indexResponse.getId());
		System.out.println("version:" + indexResponse.getVersion());
		System.out.println("result:" + indexResponse.getResult());

		// 4 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}

新建文档(数据源map方式添加json)

@Test
	public void createIndexByMap() {

		// 1 文档数据准备
		Map<String, Object> json = new HashMap<String, Object>();
		json.put("id", "2");
		json.put("title", "基于Lucene的搜索服务器");
		json.put("content", "它提供了一个分布式多用户能力的全文搜索引擎,基于RESTful web接口");

		// 2 创建文档
		IndexResponse indexResponse = client.prepareIndex("blog", "article", "2").setSource(json).execute().actionGet();

		// 3 打印返回的结果
		System.out.println("index:" + indexResponse.getIndex());
		System.out.println("type:" + indexResponse.getType());
		System.out.println("id:" + indexResponse.getId());
		System.out.println("version:" + indexResponse.getVersion());
		System.out.println("result:" + indexResponse.getResult());

		// 4 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}

新建文档(数据源es构建器添加json)

@Test
	public void createIndex() throws Exception {

		// 1 通过es自带的帮助类,构建json数据
		XContentBuilder builder = XContentFactory.jsonBuilder().startObject().field("id", 3)
				.field("title", "基于Lucene的搜索服务器").field("content", "它提供了一个分布式多用户能力的全文搜索引擎,基于RESTful web接口。")
				.endObject();

		// 2 创建文档
		IndexResponse indexResponse = client.prepareIndex("blog", "article", "3").setSource(builder).get();

		// 3 打印返回的结果
		System.out.println("index:" + indexResponse.getIndex());
		System.out.println("type:" + indexResponse.getType());
		System.out.println("id:" + indexResponse.getId());
		System.out.println("version:" + indexResponse.getVersion());
		System.out.println("result:" + indexResponse.getResult());

		// 4 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}

搜索文档数据(单个索引)

@Test
	public void createIndex() throws Exception {

		// 1 通过es自带的帮助类,构建json数据
		XContentBuilder builder = XContentFactory.jsonBuilder().startObject().field("id", 3)
				.field("title", "基于Lucene的搜索服务器").field("content", "它提供了一个分布式多用户能力的全文搜索引擎,基于RESTful web接口。")
				.endObject();

		// 2 创建文档
		IndexResponse indexResponse = client.prepareIndex("blog", "article", "3").setSource(builder).get();

		// 3 打印返回的结果
		System.out.println("index:" + indexResponse.getIndex());
		System.out.println("type:" + indexResponse.getType());
		System.out.println("id:" + indexResponse.getId());
		System.out.println("version:" + indexResponse.getVersion());
		System.out.println("result:" + indexResponse.getResult());

		// 4 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}
搜索文档数据(多个索引)

@Test
	public void getMultiData() {
		
		// 1 查询多个文档
		MultiGetResponse response = client.prepareMultiGet().add("blog", "article", "1").add("blog", "article", "2", "3")
				.add("blog", "article", "2").get();
		
		// 2 遍历返回的结果
		for(MultiGetItemResponse itemResponse:response){
			GetResponse getResponse = itemResponse.getResponse();
			
			// 如果获取到查询结果
			if (getResponse.isExists()) {
				String sourceAsString = getResponse.getSourceAsString();
				System.out.println(sourceAsString);
			}
		}
		
		// 3 关闭资源
		client.close();
	}
更新文档数据(update)

@Test
	public void updateData() throws Throwable {

		// 1 创建更新数据的请求对象
		UpdateRequest updateRequest = new UpdateRequest();
		updateRequest.index("blog");
		updateRequest.type("article");
		updateRequest.id("3");

		updateRequest.doc(XContentFactory.jsonBuilder().startObject()
				// 对没有的字段添加, 对已有的字段替换
				.field("title", "基于Lucene的搜索服务器")
				.field("content",
						"它提供了一个分布式多用户能力的全文搜索引擎,基于RESTful web接口。大数据前景无限")
				.field("createDate", "2017-8-22").endObject());

		// 2 获取更新后的值
		UpdateResponse indexResponse = client.update(updateRequest).get();
		
		// 3 打印返回的结果
		System.out.println("index:" + indexResponse.getIndex());
		System.out.println("type:" + indexResponse.getType());
		System.out.println("id:" + indexResponse.getId());
		System.out.println("version:" + indexResponse.getVersion());
		System.out.println("create:" + indexResponse.getResult());

		// 4 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}
更新文档数据(upsert)

设置查询条件, 查找不到则添加IndexRequest内容,查找到则按照UpdateRequest更新。

@Test
	public void testUpsert() throws Exception {

		// 设置查询条件, 查找不到则添加
		IndexRequest indexRequest = new IndexRequest("blog", "article", "5")
				.source(XContentFactory.jsonBuilder().startObject().field("title", "搜索服务器").field("content","它提供了一个分布式多用户能力的全文搜索引擎,基于RESTful web接口。Elasticsearch是用Java开发的,并作为Apache许可条款下的开放源码发布,是当前流行的企业级搜索引擎。设计用于云计算中,能够达到实时搜索,稳定,可靠,快速,安装使用方便。").endObject());
		
		// 设置更新, 查找到更新下面的设置
		UpdateRequest upsert = new UpdateRequest("blog", "article", "5")
				.doc(XContentFactory.jsonBuilder().startObject().field("user", "李四").endObject()).upsert(indexRequest);

		client.update(upsert).get();
		client.close();
	}

第一次执行

hadoop102:9200/blog/article/5


第一次执行

hadoop102:9200/blog/article/5


删除文档数据(prepareDelete)

条件查询QueryBuilder

查询所有(matchAllQuery)

public void matchAllQuery() {
		
		// 1 执行查询
		SearchResponse searchResponse = client.prepareSearch("blog").setTypes("article")
				.setQuery(QueryBuilders.matchAllQuery()).get();

		// 2 打印查询结果
		SearchHits hits = searchResponse.getHits(); // 获取命中次数,查询结果有多少对象
		System.out.println("查询结果有:" + hits.getTotalHits() + "条");

		Iterator<SearchHit> iterator = hits.iterator();

		while (iterator.hasNext()) {
			SearchHit searchHit = iterator.next(); // 每个查询对象

			System.out.println(searchHit.getSourceAsString()); // 获取字符串格式打印
		}

		// 3 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}
对所有字段分词查询(queryStringQuery)

public void query() {
		// 1 条件查询
		SearchResponse searchResponse = client.prepareSearch("blog").setTypes("article")
				.setQuery(QueryBuilders.queryStringQuery("全文")).get();

		// 2 打印查询结果
		SearchHits hits = searchResponse.getHits(); // 获取命中次数,查询结果有多少对象
		System.out.println("查询结果有:" + hits.getTotalHits() + "条");
		
		Iterator<SearchHit> iterator = hits.iterator();
		
		while (iterator.hasNext()) {
			SearchHit searchHit = iterator.next(); // 每个查询对象
			
			System.out.println(searchHit.getSourceAsString()); // 获取字符串格式打印
		}
		
		// 3 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}
通配符查询(wildcardQuery)

public void wildcardQuery() {

		// 1 通配符查询
		SearchResponse searchResponse = client.prepareSearch("blog").setTypes("article")
				.setQuery(QueryBuilders.wildcardQuery("content", "*全*")).get();

		// 2 打印查询结果
		SearchHits hits = searchResponse.getHits(); // 获取命中次数,查询结果有多少对象
		System.out.println("查询结果有:" + hits.getTotalHits() + "条");

		Iterator<SearchHit> iterator = hits.iterator();

		while (iterator.hasNext()) {
			SearchHit searchHit = iterator.next(); // 每个查询对象

			System.out.println(searchHit.getSourceAsString()); // 获取字符串格式打印
		}

		// 3 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}
词条查询(TermQuery)

public void termQuery() {
		
		// 1 第一field查询
		SearchResponse searchResponse = client.prepareSearch("blog").setTypes("article")
				.setQuery(QueryBuilders.termQuery("content", "全")).get();
		
		// 2 打印查询结果
		SearchHits hits = searchResponse.getHits(); // 获取命中次数,查询结果有多少对象
		System.out.println("查询结果有:" + hits.getTotalHits() + "条");

		Iterator<SearchHit> iterator = hits.iterator();

		while (iterator.hasNext()) {
			SearchHit searchHit = iterator.next(); // 每个查询对象

			System.out.println(searchHit.getSourceAsString()); // 获取字符串格式打印
		}

		// 3 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}
模糊查询(fuzzy)
public void fuzzy() {
		
		// 1 模糊查询
		SearchResponse searchResponse = client.prepareSearch("blog").setTypes("article")
				.setQuery(QueryBuilders.fuzzyQuery("title", "lucene")).get();
		
		// 2 打印查询结果
		SearchHits hits = searchResponse.getHits(); // 获取命中次数,查询结果有多少对象
		System.out.println("查询结果有:" + hits.getTotalHits() + "条");

		Iterator<SearchHit> iterator = hits.iterator();

		while (iterator.hasNext()) {
			SearchHit searchHit = iterator.next(); // 每个查询对象

			System.out.println(searchHit.getSourceAsString()); // 获取字符串格式打印
		}

		// 3 关闭连接
		client.close();
	}

映射相关操作

public void createMapping() throws Exception {
		
		// 1设置mapping
		XContentBuilder builder = XContentFactory.jsonBuilder()
				.startObject()
					.startObject("article")
						.startObject("properties")
							.startObject("id1")
								.field("type", "string")
								.field("store", "yes")
							.endObject()
							.startObject("title2")
								.field("type", "string")
								.field("store", "no")
							.endObject()
							.startObject("content")
								.field("type", "string")
								.field("store", "yes")
							.endObject()
						.endObject()
					.endObject()
				.endObject();

		// 2 添加mapping
		PutMappingRequest mapping = Requests.putMappingRequest("blog4").type("article").source(builder);
		
		client.admin().indices().putMapping(mapping).get();
		
		// 3 关闭资源
		client.close();
	}

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