排列

版权声明:2333 https://blog.csdn.net/liangzihao1/article/details/52244799

【问题描述】

众所周知,Index数是指十进制表示每位都由4和7组成的正整数   


这天,Index在研究N的全排列。她把它们按字典序从小到大排列。


现在Index想知道,在第K个排列中,有多少x满足x是Index数且A[x]也是Index数

Input

【输入格式】

两个数N和K。表示N个数的全排列中字典序第k小的数列。两个数之间用一个空格隔开。

Output

【输出格式】

如果第K小的N的全排列不存在,则输入出“-1”(不含引号),否则输出x的个数。

Sample Input

sample 1:

7 4

sample 2:

4 7

Sample Output

sample 1:

1

sample 2:

1

【提示】

字典序:如3的全排列按字典序排列:(1 2 3)(1 3 2)(2 1 3)(2 3 1)(3 1 2)(3 2 1)

【数据范围】

对于30%的数据,N,K<=10
对于100%的数据,N,K<=10^9

分析:我们知道,一个1~n的全排列有n!个。然后我们知道k<=10^9次方,而13!=6227020800,也就是说,只有后13个数在改变,而前1–n-13个数都是1–n-13排列的。然后我们可以用康拓逆展开求解,加个判断即可。

代码:

const
 hehe:Array [1..1023] of longint=(4,7,44,47,74,77,444,447,474,477,744,747,774,777,4444,4447,4474,4477,4744,
4747,4774,4777,7444,7447,7474,7477,7744,7747,7774,7777,44444,44447,44474,44477,44744,44747,44774,44777,47444,
47447,47474,47477,47744,47747,47774,47777,74444,74447,74474,74477,74744,74747,74774,74777,77444,77447,77474,77477,77744,
77747,77774,77777,444444,444447,444474,444477,444744,444747,444774,444777,447444,447447,447474,447477,447744,447747,447774,447777,474444,
474447,474474,474477,474744,474747,474774,474777,477444,477447,477474,477477,477744,477747,477774,477777,744444,744447,744474,744477,744744,
744747,744774,744777,747444,747447,747474,747477,747744,747747,747774,747777,774444,774447,774474,774477,774744,774747,774774,774777,777444,
777447,777474,777477,777744,777747,777774,777777,4444444,4444447,4444474,4444477,4444744,4444747,4444774,4444777,4447444,4447447,4447474,4447477,4447744,
4447747,4447774,4447777,4474444,4474447,4474474,4474477,4474744,4474747,4474774,4474777,4477444,4477447,4477474,4477477,4477744,4477747,4477774,4477777,4744444,
4744447,4744474,4744477,4744744,4744747,4744774,4744777,4747444,4747447,4747474,4747477,4747744,4747747,4747774,4747777,4774444,4774447,4774474,4774477,4774744,
4774747,4774774,4774777,4777444,4777447,4777474,4777477,4777744,4777747,4777774,4777777,7444444,7444447,7444474,7444477,7444744,7444747,7444774,7444777,7447444,
7447447,7447474,7447477,7447744,7447747,7447774,7447777,7474444,7474447,7474474,7474477,7474744,7474747,7474774,7474777,7477444,7477447,7477474,7477477,7477744,
7477747,7477774,7477777,7744444,7744447,7744474,7744477,7744744,7744747,7744774,7744777,7747444,7747447,7747474,7747477,7747744,7747747,7747774,7747777,7774444,
7774447,7774474,7774477,7774744,7774747,7774774,7774777,7777444,7777447,7777474,7777477,7777744,7777747,7777774,7777777,44444444,44444447,44444474,44444477,44444744,
44444747,44444774,44444777,44447444,44447447,44447474,44447477,44447744,44447747,44447774,44447777,44474444,44474447,44474474,44474477,44474744,44474747,44474774,44474777,44477444,
44477447,44477474,44477477,44477744,44477747,44477774,44477777,44744444,44744447,44744474,44744477,44744744,44744747,44744774,44744777,44747444,44747447,44747474,44747477,44747744,
44747747,44747774,44747777,44774444,44774447,44774474,44774477,44774744,44774747,44774774,44774777,44777444,44777447,44777474,44777477,44777744,44777747,44777774,44777777,47444444,
47444447,47444474,47444477,47444744,47444747,47444774,47444777,47447444,47447447,47447474,47447477,47447744,47447747,47447774,47447777,47474444,47474447,47474474,47474477,47474744,
47474747,47474774,47474777,47477444,47477447,47477474,47477477,47477744,47477747,47477774,47477777,47744444,47744447,47744474,47744477,47744744,47744747,47744774,47744777,47747444,
47747447,47747474,47747477,47747744,47747747,47747774,47747777,47774444,47774447,47774474,47774477,47774744,47774747,47774774,47774777,47777444,47777447,47777474,47777477,47777744,
47777747,47777774,47777777,74444444,74444447,74444474,74444477,74444744,74444747,74444774,74444777,74447444,74447447,74447474,74447477,74447744,74447747,74447774,74447777,74474444,
74474447,74474474,74474477,74474744,74474747,74474774,74474777,74477444,74477447,74477474,74477477,74477744,74477747,74477774,74477777,74744444,74744447,74744474,74744477,74744744,
74744747,74744774,74744777,74747444,74747447,74747474,74747477,74747744,74747747,74747774,74747777,74774444,74774447,74774474,74774477,74774744,74774747,74774774,74774777,74777444,
74777447,74777474,74777477,74777744,74777747,74777774,74777777,77444444,77444447,77444474,77444477,77444744,77444747,77444774,77444777,77447444,77447447,77447474,77447477,77447744,
77447747,77447774,77447777,77474444,77474447,77474474,77474477,77474744,77474747,77474774,77474777,77477444,77477447,77477474,77477477,77477744,77477747,77477774,77477777,77744444,
77744447,77744474,77744477,77744744,77744747,77744774,77744777,77747444,77747447,77747474,77747477,77747744,77747747,77747774,77747777,77774444,77774447,77774474,77774477,77774744,
77774747,77774774,77774777,77777444,77777447,77777474,77777477,77777744,77777747,77777774,77777777,444444444,444444447,444444474,444444477,444444744,444444747,444444774,444444777,444447444,
444447447,444447474,444447477,444447744,444447747,444447774,444447777,444474444,444474447,444474474,444474477,444474744,444474747,444474774,444474777,444477444,444477447,444477474,444477477,444477744,
444477747,444477774,444477777,444744444,444744447,444744474,444744477,444744744,444744747,444744774,444744777,444747444,444747447,444747474,444747477,444747744,444747747,444747774,444747777,444774444,
444774447,444774474,444774477,444774744,444774747,444774774,444774777,444777444,444777447,444777474,444777477,444777744,444777747,444777774,444777777,447444444,447444447,447444474,447444477,447444744,
447444747,447444774,447444777,447447444,447447447,447447474,447447477,447447744,447447747,447447774,447447777,447474444,447474447,447474474,447474477,447474744,447474747,447474774,447474777,447477444,
447477447,447477474,447477477,447477744,447477747,447477774,447477777,447744444,447744447,447744474,447744477,447744744,447744747,447744774,447744777,447747444,447747447,447747474,447747477,447747744,
447747747,447747774,447747777,447774444,447774447,447774474,447774477,447774744,447774747,447774774,447774777,447777444,447777447,447777474,447777477,447777744,447777747,447777774,447777777,474444444,
474444447,474444474,474444477,474444744,474444747,474444774,474444777,474447444,474447447,474447474,474447477,474447744,474447747,474447774,474447777,474474444,474474447,474474474,474474477,474474744,
474474747,474474774,474474777,474477444,474477447,474477474,474477477,474477744,474477747,474477774,474477777,474744444,474744447,474744474,474744477,474744744,474744747,474744774,474744777,474747444,
474747447,474747474,474747477,474747744,474747747,474747774,474747777,474774444,474774447,474774474,474774477,474774744,474774747,474774774,474774777,474777444,474777447,474777474,474777477,474777744,
474777747,474777774,474777777,477444444,477444447,477444474,477444477,477444744,477444747,477444774,477444777,477447444,477447447,477447474,477447477,477447744,477447747,477447774,477447777,477474444,
477474447,477474474,477474477,477474744,477474747,477474774,477474777,477477444,477477447,477477474,477477477,477477744,477477747,477477774,477477777,477744444,477744447,477744474,477744477,477744744,
477744747,477744774,477744777,477747444,477747447,477747474,477747477,477747744,477747747,477747774,477747777,477774444,477774447,477774474,477774477,477774744,477774747,477774774,477774777,477777444,
477777447,477777474,477777477,477777744,477777747,477777774,477777777,744444444,744444447,744444474,744444477,744444744,744444747,744444774,744444777,744447444,744447447,744447474,744447477,744447744,
744447747,744447774,744447777,744474444,744474447,744474474,744474477,744474744,744474747,744474774,744474777,744477444,744477447,744477474,744477477,744477744,744477747,744477774,744477777,744744444,
744744447,744744474,744744477,744744744,744744747,744744774,744744777,744747444,744747447,744747474,744747477,744747744,744747747,744747774,744747777,744774444,744774447,744774474,744774477,744774744,
744774747,744774774,744774777,744777444,744777447,744777474,744777477,744777744,744777747,744777774,744777777,747444444,747444447,747444474,747444477,747444744,747444747,747444774,747444777,747447444,
747447447,747447474,747447477,747447744,747447747,747447774,747447777,747474444,747474447,747474474,747474477,747474744,747474747,747474774,747474777,747477444,747477447,747477474,747477477,747477744,
747477747,747477774,747477777,747744444,747744447,747744474,747744477,747744744,747744747,747744774,747744777,747747444,747747447,747747474,747747477,747747744,747747747,747747774,747747777,747774444,
747774447,747774474,747774477,747774744,747774747,747774774,747774777,747777444,747777447,747777474,747777477,747777744,747777747,747777774,747777777,774444444,774444447,774444474,774444477,774444744,
774444747,774444774,774444777,774447444,774447447,774447474,774447477,774447744,774447747,774447774,774447777,774474444,774474447,774474474,774474477,774474744,774474747,774474774,774474777,774477444,
774477447,774477474,774477477,774477744,774477747,774477774,774477777,774744444,774744447,774744474,774744477,774744744,774744747,774744774,774744777,774747444,774747447,774747474,774747477,774747744,
774747747,774747774,774747777,774774444,774774447,774774474,774774477,774774744,774774747,774774774,774774777,774777444,774777447,774777474,774777477,774777744,774777747,774777774,774777777,777444444,
777444447,777444474,777444477,777444744,777444747,777444774,777444777,777447444,777447447,777447474,777447477,777447744,777447747,777447774,777447777,777474444,777474447,777474474,777474477,777474744,
777474747,777474774,777474777,777477444,777477447,777477474,777477477,777477744,777477747,777477774,777477777,777744444,777744447,777744474,777744477,777744744,777744747,777744774,777744777,777747444,
777747447,777747474,777747477,777747744,777747747,777747774,777747777,777774444,777774447,777774474,777774477,777774744,777774747,777774774,777774777,777777444,777777447,777777474,777777477,777777744,
777777747,777777774,777777777,1000000001);
var
 n,k,i,j,t,f,num,x,y,l,ans,h:longint;
 a:array [1..100] of int64;
 b:array [1..20] of boolean;
 power:Array [0..10] of longint;
 flag,flag1:boolean;

function getsum(x:longint):longint;
 var s:string;
     i:longint;
begin
 for i:=1 to 1023 do
  if hehe[i]>x then break;
 exit(i-1);
end;

begin
 readln(n,k);
 i:=1; a[1]:=1;
 while (a[i]*(i+1)<=k) and (i<=n) do
 begin
  inc(i);
  a[i]:=a[i-1]*i;
 end;
 if (i=n) and (a[i]<k) then begin writeln(-1); halt; end;
 x:=i+1;
 ans:=getsum(n-x);
 h:=ans;
 y:=getsum(n);
 t:=n-x;
 fillchar(b,sizeof(b),true);
 for i:=1 to x do
  begin
   if i=x then f:=0
   else
    begin
     f:=(k-1) div a[x-i]+1;
     k:=(k-1) mod a[x-i]+1;
    end;
   num:=0;
   for j:=1 to x do
    begin
     if b[j] then
      inc(num);
     if num=f then
     begin
     b[j]:=false;
     flag:=false; flag1:=false;
      for l:=h+1 to y do
      begin
       if t+i=hehe[l] then flag:=true;
       if t+j=hehe[l] then flag1:=true;
      end;
     if flag and flag1 then inc(ans);
     break;
     end;
    end;
  end;
writeln(ans);
end.


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