在CentOS 7上安装Docker

一、安装简介

Docker 运行在 CentOS 7 上,要求系统为64位、系统内核版本为 3.10 以上。CentOS 7 的内核一般都是3.10的,而CentOS 6.X 的内核一般都是2.6,在2.6的内核下,Docker运行会比较卡,所以一般会选择升级到3.10版本。

二、在CentOS 7上安装Docker常用命令

1、卸载掉旧版本的 Docker:
yum remove -y docker docker-client docker-client-latest docker-common docker-latest docker-latest-logrotate docker-logrotate docker-selinux docker-engine-selinux docker-engine

2、执行以下安装命令去安装依赖包:
yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
yum-config-manager --add-repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

yum -y install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

# 若执行报错,则配置yum源
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo


或一键安装Docker:
curl -fsSL get.docker.com -o get-docker.sh
sh get-docker.sh


systemctl start docker
systemctl status docker


3、检查版本
docker version
docker info

三、执行过程:

1、卸载旧版本

[root@lhrdocker ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.3.1611 (Core)
[root@lhrdocker ~]# docker ps
bash: docker: command not found...
[root@lhrdocker ~]# yum remove -y docker docker-client docker-client-latest docker-common docker-latest docker-latest-logrotate docker-logrotate docker-selinux docker-engine-selinux docker-engine
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Repodata is over 2 weeks old. Install yum-cron? Or run: yum makecache fast
No Match for argument: docker
No Match for argument: docker-client
No Match for argument: docker-client-latest
No Match for argument: docker-common
No Match for argument: docker-latest
No Match for argument: docker-latest-logrotate
No Match for argument: docker-logrotate
No Match for argument: docker-selinux
No Match for argument: docker-engine-selinux
No Match for argument: docker-engine
No Packages marked for removal

2、安装依赖包

[root@lhrdocker ~]# yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvvm2
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
base                                                                                             | 3.6 kB  00:00:00
epel                                                                                             | 4.7 kB  00:00:00
extras                                                                                           | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
updates                                                                                          | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
(1/7): base/7/x86_64/group_gz                                                                    | 153 kB  00:00:00
(2/7): epel/x86_64/group_gz                                                                      |  95 kB  00:00:00
(3/7): epel/x86_64/updateinfo                                                                    | 1.0 MB  00:00:00
(4/7): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                | 194 kB  00:00:01
(5/7): epel/x86_64/primary_db                                                                    | 6.8 MB  00:00:01
(6/7): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                               | 2.9 MB  00:00:02
(7/7): base/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                  | 6.1 MB  00:00:00
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package device-mapper-persistent-data.x86_64 0:0.6.3-1.el7 will be updated
---> Package device-mapper-persistent-data.x86_64 0:0.8.5-2.el7 will be an update
---> Package lvm2.x86_64 7:2.02.166-1.el7 will be updated
---> Package lvm2.x86_64 7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: lvm2-libs = 7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2 for package: 7:lvm2-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdevmapper.so.1.02(DM_1_02_141)(64bit) for package: 7:lvm2-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdevmapper.so.1.02(DM_1_02_138)(64bit) for package: 7:lvm2-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64
---> Package yum-utils.noarch 0:1.1.31-40.el7 will be updated
---> Package yum-utils.noarch 0:1.1.31-54.el7_8 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package device-mapper-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.135-1.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: device-mapper-libs = 7:1.02.135-1.el7 for package: 7:device-mapper-1.02.135-1.el7.x86_64
---> Package device-mapper-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2 will be an update
---> Package lvm2-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.166-1.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: lvm2-libs = 7:2.02.166-1.el7 for package: 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.166-1.el7.x86_64
---> Package lvm2-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: device-mapper-event = 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2 for package: 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package device-mapper.x86_64 7:1.02.135-1.el7 will be updated
---> Package device-mapper.x86_64 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2 will be an update
---> Package device-mapper-event.x86_64 7:1.02.135-1.el7 will be updated
---> Package device-mapper-event.x86_64 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: device-mapper-event-libs = 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2 for package: 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64
---> Package lvm2-python-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.166-1.el7 will be updated
---> Package lvm2-python-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package device-mapper-event-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.135-1.el7 will be updated
---> Package device-mapper-event-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2 will be an update
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

========================================================================================================================
 Package                                  Arch              Version                            Repository          Size
========================================================================================================================
Updating:
 device-mapper-persistent-data            x86_64            0.8.5-2.el7                        base               422 k
 lvm2                                     x86_64            7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2               updates            1.3 M
 yum-utils                                noarch            1.1.31-54.el7_8                    updates            122 k
Updating for dependencies:
 device-mapper                            x86_64            7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2               updates            295 k
 device-mapper-event                      x86_64            7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2               updates            191 k
 device-mapper-event-libs                 x86_64            7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2               updates            190 k
 device-mapper-libs                       x86_64            7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2               updates            324 k
 lvm2-libs                                x86_64            7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2               updates            1.1 M
 lvm2-python-libs                         x86_64            7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2               updates            188 k

Transaction Summary
========================================================================================================================
Upgrade  3 Packages (+6 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 4.1 M
Downloading packages:
No Presto metadata available for base
No Presto metadata available for updates
(1/9): device-mapper-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64.rpm                                               | 295 kB  00:00:00
(2/9): device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64.rpm                                    | 190 kB  00:00:00
(3/9): device-mapper-event-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64.rpm                                         | 191 kB  00:00:00
(4/9): device-mapper-libs-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64.rpm                                          | 324 kB  00:00:00
(5/9): lvm2-libs-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64.rpm                                                   | 1.1 MB  00:00:00
(6/9): lvm2-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64.rpm                                                        | 1.3 MB  00:00:00
(7/9): device-mapper-persistent-data-0.8.5-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                                      | 422 kB  00:00:00
(8/9): yum-utils-1.1.31-54.el7_8.noarch.rpm                                                      | 122 kB  00:00:00
(9/9): lvm2-python-libs-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64.rpm                                            | 188 kB  00:00:00
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                   4.2 MB/s | 4.1 MB  00:00:00
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
** Found 3 pre-existing rpmdb problem(s), 'yum check' output follows:
ipa-client-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.x86_64 has installed conflicts freeipa-client: ipa-client-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.x86_64
ipa-client-common-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.noarch has installed conflicts freeipa-client-common: ipa-client-common-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.noarch
ipa-common-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.noarch has installed conflicts freeipa-common: ipa-common-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.noarch
  Updating   : 7:device-mapper-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                           1/18
  Updating   : 7:device-mapper-libs-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                      2/18
  Updating   : 7:device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                3/18
  Updating   : 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                     4/18
  Updating   : 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                               5/18
  Updating   : device-mapper-persistent-data-0.8.5-2.el7.x86_64                                                    6/18
  Updating   : 7:lvm2-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                                    7/18
  Updating   : 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                        8/18
  Updating   : yum-utils-1.1.31-54.el7_8.noarch                                                                    9/18
  Cleanup    : 7:lvm2-2.02.166-1.el7.x86_64                                                                       10/18
  Cleanup    : 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.166-1.el7.x86_64                                                           11/18
  Cleanup    : yum-utils-1.1.31-40.el7.noarch                                                                     12/18
  Cleanup    : 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.166-1.el7.x86_64                                                                  13/18
  Cleanup    : 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.135-1.el7.x86_64                                                        14/18
  Cleanup    : 7:device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.135-1.el7.x86_64                                                   15/18
  Cleanup    : 7:device-mapper-1.02.135-1.el7.x86_64                                                              16/18
  Cleanup    : 7:device-mapper-libs-1.02.135-1.el7.x86_64                                                         17/18
  Cleanup    : device-mapper-persistent-data-0.6.3-1.el7.x86_64                                                   18/18
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                     1/18
  Verifying  : device-mapper-persistent-data-0.8.5-2.el7.x86_64                                                    2/18
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                               3/18
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                                    4/18
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-libs-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                      5/18
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.186-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                        6/18
  Verifying  : yum-utils-1.1.31-54.el7_8.noarch                                                                    7/18
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                           8/18
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.164-7.el7_8.2.x86_64                                                9/18
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.135-1.el7.x86_64                                                        10/18
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.135-1.el7.x86_64                                                   11/18
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-2.02.166-1.el7.x86_64                                                                       12/18
  Verifying  : yum-utils-1.1.31-40.el7.noarch                                                                     13/18
  Verifying  : device-mapper-persistent-data-0.6.3-1.el7.x86_64                                                   14/18
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.166-1.el7.x86_64                                                           15/18
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-libs-1.02.135-1.el7.x86_64                                                         16/18
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-1.02.135-1.el7.x86_64                                                              17/18
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.166-1.el7.x86_64                                                                  18/18

Updated:
  device-mapper-persistent-data.x86_64 0:0.8.5-2.el7                  lvm2.x86_64 7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2
  yum-utils.noarch 0:1.1.31-54.el7_8

Dependency Updated:
  device-mapper.x86_64 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2                     device-mapper-event.x86_64 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2
  device-mapper-event-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2          device-mapper-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.164-7.el7_8.2
  lvm2-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2                         lvm2-python-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.186-7.el7_8.2

Complete!

3、安装Docker

[root@lhrdocker yum.repos.d]# yum-config-manager --add-repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.reepo
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
adding repo from: http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
grabbing file http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo to /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo
repo saved to /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo
[root@lhrdocker yum.repos.d]# yum -y install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
docker-ce-stable                                                                                 | 3.5 kB  00:00:00
(1/2): docker-ce-stable/x86_64/primary_db                                                        |  45 kB  00:00:00
(2/2): docker-ce-stable/x86_64/updateinfo                                                        |   55 B  00:00:00
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package containerd.io.x86_64 0:1.2.13-3.2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: container-selinux >= 2:2.74 for package: containerd.io-1.2.13-3.2.el7.x86_64
---> Package docker-ce.x86_64 3:19.03.12-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package docker-ce-cli.x86_64 1:19.03.12-3.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package container-selinux.noarch 2:2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: selinux-policy-targeted >= 3.13.1-216.el7 for package: 2:container-selinux-2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: selinux-policy-base >= 3.13.1-216.el7 for package: 2:container-selinux-2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: selinux-policy >= 3.13.1-216.el7 for package: 2:container-selinux-2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: policycoreutils >= 2.5-11 for package: 2:container-selinux-2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package policycoreutils.x86_64 0:2.5-8.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: policycoreutils = 2.5-8.el7 for package: policycoreutils-python-2.5-8.el7.x86_64
---> Package policycoreutils.x86_64 0:2.5-34.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: libsepol >= 2.5-10 for package: policycoreutils-2.5-34.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libsemanage >= 2.5-14 for package: policycoreutils-2.5-34.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux-utils >= 2.5-14 for package: policycoreutils-2.5-34.el7.x86_64
---> Package selinux-policy.noarch 0:3.13.1-102.el7 will be updated
---> Package selinux-policy.noarch 0:3.13.1-266.el7 will be an update
---> Package selinux-policy-targeted.noarch 0:3.13.1-102.el7 will be updated
---> Package selinux-policy-targeted.noarch 0:3.13.1-266.el7 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libselinux-utils.x86_64 0:2.5-6.el7 will be updated
---> Package libselinux-utils.x86_64 0:2.5-15.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux(x86-64) = 2.5-15.el7 for package: libselinux-utils-2.5-15.el7.x86_64
---> Package libsemanage.x86_64 0:2.5-4.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libsemanage = 2.5-4.el7 for package: libsemanage-python-2.5-4.el7.x86_64
---> Package libsemanage.x86_64 0:2.5-14.el7 will be an update
---> Package libsepol.x86_64 0:2.5-6.el7 will be updated
---> Package libsepol.x86_64 0:2.5-10.el7 will be an update
---> Package policycoreutils-python.x86_64 0:2.5-8.el7 will be updated
---> Package policycoreutils-python.x86_64 0:2.5-34.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: setools-libs >= 3.3.8-4 for package: policycoreutils-python-2.5-34.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libselinux.x86_64 0:2.5-6.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux(x86-64) = 2.5-6.el7 for package: libselinux-python-2.5-6.el7.x86_64
---> Package libselinux.x86_64 0:2.5-15.el7 will be an update
---> Package libsemanage-python.x86_64 0:2.5-4.el7 will be updated
---> Package libsemanage-python.x86_64 0:2.5-14.el7 will be an update
---> Package setools-libs.x86_64 0:3.3.8-1.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package setools-libs.x86_64 0:3.3.8-4.el7 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libselinux-python.x86_64 0:2.5-6.el7 will be updated
---> Package libselinux-python.x86_64 0:2.5-15.el7 will be an update
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

========================================================================================================================
 Package                           Arch             Version                            Repository                  Size
========================================================================================================================
Installing:
 containerd.io                     x86_64           1.2.13-3.2.el7                     docker-ce-stable            25 M
 docker-ce                         x86_64           3:19.03.12-3.el7                   docker-ce-stable            24 M
 docker-ce-cli                     x86_64           1:19.03.12-3.el7                   docker-ce-stable            38 M
Installing for dependencies:
 container-selinux                 noarch           2:2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7            extras                      40 k
Updating for dependencies:
 libselinux                        x86_64           2.5-15.el7                         base                       162 k
 libselinux-python                 x86_64           2.5-15.el7                         base                       236 k
 libselinux-utils                  x86_64           2.5-15.el7                         base                       151 k
 libsemanage                       x86_64           2.5-14.el7                         base                       151 k
 libsemanage-python                x86_64           2.5-14.el7                         base                       113 k
 libsepol                          x86_64           2.5-10.el7                         base                       297 k
 policycoreutils                   x86_64           2.5-34.el7                         base                       917 k
 policycoreutils-python            x86_64           2.5-34.el7                         base                       457 k
 selinux-policy                    noarch           3.13.1-266.el7                     base                       497 k
 selinux-policy-targeted           noarch           3.13.1-266.el7                     base                       7.0 M
 setools-libs                      x86_64           3.3.8-4.el7                        base                       620 k

Transaction Summary
========================================================================================================================
Install  3 Packages (+ 1 Dependent package)
Upgrade             ( 11 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 98 M
Downloading packages:
No Presto metadata available for base
(1/15): container-selinux-2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7.noarch.rpm                                       |  40 kB  00:00:00
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/docker-ce-stable/packages/docker-ce-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA512 Signature, key ID 621e9f35: NOKEY
Public key for docker-ce-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
(2/15): docker-ce-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                      |  24 MB  00:00:23
(3/15): libselinux-python-2.5-15.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                  | 236 kB  00:00:00
(4/15): libselinux-2.5-15.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                         | 162 kB  00:00:00
(5/15): libsemanage-2.5-14.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                        | 151 kB  00:00:00
(6/15): libsemanage-python-2.5-14.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                 | 113 kB  00:00:00
(7/15): libselinux-utils-2.5-15.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                   | 151 kB  00:00:00
(8/15): libsepol-2.5-10.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                           | 297 kB  00:00:00
(9/15): policycoreutils-2.5-34.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                    | 917 kB  00:00:00
selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1 FAILED
http://mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-266.el7.noarch.rpm: [Errno 14] curl#6 - "Could not resolve host: mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com; Name or service not known"
Trying other mirror.
(10/15): policycoreutils-python-2.5-34.el7.x86_64.rpm                                            | 457 kB  00:00:00
(11/15): setools-libs-3.3.8-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                     | 620 kB  00:00:00
(12/15): selinux-policy-3.13.1-266.el7.noarch.rpm                                                | 497 kB  00:00:01
(13/15): selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-266.el7.noarch.rpm                                       | 7.0 MB  00:00:05
(14/15): containerd.io-1.2.13-3.2.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                 |  25 MB  00:00:36
(15/15): docker-ce-cli-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                 |  38 MB  00:00:20
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                   2.3 MB/s |  98 MB  00:00:43
Retrieving key from https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/gpg
Importing GPG key 0x621E9F35:
 Userid     : "Docker Release (CE rpm) <docker@docker.com>"
 Fingerprint: 060a 61c5 1b55 8a7f 742b 77aa c52f eb6b 621e 9f35
 From       : https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/gpg
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Updating   : libsepol-2.5-10.el7.x86_64                                                                          1/26
  Updating   : libselinux-2.5-15.el7.x86_64                                                                        2/26
  Updating   : libsemanage-2.5-14.el7.x86_64                                                                       3/26
  Updating   : libselinux-utils-2.5-15.el7.x86_64                                                                  4/26
  Updating   : policycoreutils-2.5-34.el7.x86_64                                                                   5/26
  Updating   : selinux-policy-3.13.1-266.el7.noarch                                                                6/26
  Updating   : selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-266.el7.noarch                                                       7/26
  Updating   : libsemanage-python-2.5-14.el7.x86_64                                                                8/26
  Updating   : setools-libs-3.3.8-4.el7.x86_64                                                                     9/26
  Updating   : libselinux-python-2.5-15.el7.x86_64                                                                10/26
  Updating   : policycoreutils-python-2.5-34.el7.x86_64                                                           11/26
  Installing : 2:container-selinux-2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7.noarch                                                   12/26
setsebool:  SELinux is disabled.
  Installing : containerd.io-1.2.13-3.2.el7.x86_64                                                                13/26
  Installing : 1:docker-ce-cli-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64                                                              14/26
  Installing : 3:docker-ce-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64                                                                  15/26
  Cleanup    : policycoreutils-python-2.5-8.el7.x86_64                                                            16/26
  Cleanup    : selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-102.el7.noarch                                                      17/26
  Cleanup    : selinux-policy-3.13.1-102.el7.noarch                                                               18/26
  Cleanup    : policycoreutils-2.5-8.el7.x86_64                                                                   19/26
  Cleanup    : libselinux-utils-2.5-6.el7.x86_64                                                                  20/26
  Cleanup    : setools-libs-3.3.8-1.1.el7.x86_64                                                                  21/26
  Cleanup    : libselinux-python-2.5-6.el7.x86_64                                                                 22/26
  Cleanup    : libsemanage-python-2.5-4.el7.x86_64                                                                23/26
  Cleanup    : libsemanage-2.5-4.el7.x86_64                                                                       24/26
  Cleanup    : libselinux-2.5-6.el7.x86_64                                                                        25/26
  Cleanup    : libsepol-2.5-6.el7.x86_64                                                                          26/26
  Verifying  : 2:container-selinux-2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7.noarch                                                    1/26
  Verifying  : 1:docker-ce-cli-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64                                                               2/26
  Verifying  : libselinux-2.5-15.el7.x86_64                                                                        3/26
  Verifying  : policycoreutils-2.5-34.el7.x86_64                                                                   4/26
  Verifying  : libselinux-utils-2.5-15.el7.x86_64                                                                  5/26
  Verifying  : policycoreutils-python-2.5-34.el7.x86_64                                                            6/26
  Verifying  : 3:docker-ce-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64                                                                   7/26
  Verifying  : setools-libs-3.3.8-4.el7.x86_64                                                                     8/26
  Verifying  : selinux-policy-3.13.1-266.el7.noarch                                                                9/26
  Verifying  : containerd.io-1.2.13-3.2.el7.x86_64                                                                10/26
  Verifying  : libsemanage-python-2.5-14.el7.x86_64                                                               11/26
  Verifying  : libsemanage-2.5-14.el7.x86_64                                                                      12/26
  Verifying  : libselinux-python-2.5-15.el7.x86_64                                                                13/26
  Verifying  : libsepol-2.5-10.el7.x86_64                                                                         14/26
  Verifying  : selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-266.el7.noarch                                                      15/26
  Verifying  : policycoreutils-2.5-8.el7.x86_64                                                                   16/26
  Verifying  : libsepol-2.5-6.el7.x86_64                                                                          17/26
  Verifying  : libselinux-python-2.5-6.el7.x86_64                                                                 18/26
  Verifying  : libselinux-utils-2.5-6.el7.x86_64                                                                  19/26
  Verifying  : libsemanage-python-2.5-4.el7.x86_64                                                                20/26
  Verifying  : policycoreutils-python-2.5-8.el7.x86_64                                                            21/26
  Verifying  : selinux-policy-3.13.1-102.el7.noarch                                                               22/26
  Verifying  : libselinux-2.5-6.el7.x86_64                                                                        23/26
  Verifying  : selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-102.el7.noarch                                                      24/26
  Verifying  : libsemanage-2.5-4.el7.x86_64                                                                       25/26
  Verifying  : setools-libs-3.3.8-1.1.el7.x86_64                                                                  26/26

Installed:
  containerd.io.x86_64 0:1.2.13-3.2.el7    docker-ce.x86_64 3:19.03.12-3.el7    docker-ce-cli.x86_64 1:19.03.12-3.el7

Dependency Installed:
  container-selinux.noarch 2:2.119.1-1.c57a6f9.el7

Dependency Updated:
  libselinux.x86_64 0:2.5-15.el7                         libselinux-python.x86_64 0:2.5-15.el7
  libselinux-utils.x86_64 0:2.5-15.el7                   libsemanage.x86_64 0:2.5-14.el7
  libsemanage-python.x86_64 0:2.5-14.el7                 libsepol.x86_64 0:2.5-10.el7
  policycoreutils.x86_64 0:2.5-34.el7                    policycoreutils-python.x86_64 0:2.5-34.el7
  selinux-policy.noarch 0:3.13.1-266.el7                 selinux-policy-targeted.noarch 0:3.13.1-266.el7
  setools-libs.x86_64 0:3.3.8-4.el7

Complete!

[root@lhrdocker yum.repos.d]# docker ps
Cannot connect to the Docker daemon at unix:///var/run/docker.sock. Is the docker daemon running?
[root@lhrdocker yum.repos.d]# systemctl start docker
systemctl status dockcker[root@lhrdocker yum.repos.d]# systemctl status docker

● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2020-06-24 12:47:51 CST; 2s ago
     Docs: https://docs.docker.com
 Main PID: 9438 (dockerd)
   Memory: 38.3M
   CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service
           └─9438 /usr/bin/dockerd -H fd:// --containerd=/run/containerd/containerd.sock

Jun 24 12:47:50 lhrdocker dockerd[9438]: time="2020-06-24T12:47:50.751029389+08:00" level=info msg="ccResolverWr...=grpc
Jun 24 12:47:50 lhrdocker dockerd[9438]: time="2020-06-24T12:47:50.751035457+08:00" level=info msg="ClientConn s...=grpc
Jun 24 12:47:50 lhrdocker dockerd[9438]: time="2020-06-24T12:47:50.784895620+08:00" level=info msg="Loading cont...art."
Jun 24 12:47:50 lhrdocker dockerd[9438]: time="2020-06-24T12:47:50.874834656+08:00" level=info msg="Default brid...ress"
Jun 24 12:47:50 lhrdocker dockerd[9438]: time="2020-06-24T12:47:50.962577618+08:00" level=info msg="Loading cont...one."
Jun 24 12:47:50 lhrdocker dockerd[9438]: time="2020-06-24T12:47:50.983199649+08:00" level=warning msg="Not using...rlay2
Jun 24 12:47:50 lhrdocker dockerd[9438]: time="2020-06-24T12:47:50.983362127+08:00" level=info msg="Docker daemo...03.12
Jun 24 12:47:50 lhrdocker dockerd[9438]: time="2020-06-24T12:47:50.983421645+08:00" level=info msg="Daemon has c...tion"
Jun 24 12:47:51 lhrdocker dockerd[9438]: time="2020-06-24T12:47:51.066011655+08:00" level=info msg="API listen o...sock"
Jun 24 12:47:51 lhrdocker systemd[1]: Started Docker Application Container Engine.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.

[root@lhrdocker yum.repos.d]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
[root@lhrdocker yum.repos.d]#

[root@lhrdocker yum.repos.d]# docker version
Client: Docker Engine - Community
 Version:           19.03.12
 API version:       1.40
 Go version:        go1.13.10
 Git commit:        48a66213fe
 Built:             Mon Jun 22 15:46:54 2020
 OS/Arch:           linux/amd64
 Experimental:      false

Server: Docker Engine - Community
 Engine:
  Version:          19.03.12
  API version:      1.40 (minimum version 1.12)
  Go version:       go1.13.10
  Git commit:       48a66213fe
  Built:            Mon Jun 22 15:45:28 2020
  OS/Arch:          linux/amd64
  Experimental:     false
 containerd:
  Version:          1.2.13
  GitCommit:        7ad184331fa3e55e52b890ea95e65ba581ae3429
 runc:
  Version:          1.0.0-rc10
  GitCommit:        dc9208a3303feef5b3839f4323d9beb36df0a9dd
 docker-init:
  Version:          0.18.0
  GitCommit:        fec3683
[root@lhrdocker yum.repos.d]# docker info
Client:
 Debug Mode: false

Server:
 Containers: 0
  Running: 0
  Paused: 0
  Stopped: 0
 Images: 0
 Server Version: 19.03.12
 Storage Driver: overlay2
  Backing Filesystem: extfs
  Supports d_type: true
  Native Overlay Diff: false
 Logging Driver: json-file
 Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
 Plugins:
  Volume: local
  Network: bridge host ipvlan macvlan null overlay
  Log: awslogs fluentd gcplogs gelf journald json-file local logentries splunk syslog
 Swarm: inactive
 Runtimes: runc
 Default Runtime: runc
 Init Binary: docker-init
 containerd version: 7ad184331fa3e55e52b890ea95e65ba581ae3429
 runc version: dc9208a3303feef5b3839f4323d9beb36df0a9dd
 init version: fec3683
 Security Options:
  seccomp
   Profile: default
 Kernel Version: 3.10.0-514.el7.x86_64
 Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)
 OSType: linux
 Architecture: x86_64
 CPUs: 1
 Total Memory: 3.695GiB
 Name: lhrdocker
 ID: YBFL:WNPR:Y2XV:RPJQ:JYGA:XOXN:YXJL:EO2J:UFFO:JVBW:AZHF:TYME
 Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker
 Debug Mode: false
 Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/
 Labels:
 Experimental: false
 Insecure Registries:
  127.0.0.0/8
 Live Restore Enabled: false

四、一键安装Docker

我们也可以一键安装Docker,如下:

[root@lhrdocker ~]# docker ps
bash: docker: command not found...
[root@lhrdocker ~]# curl -fsSL get.docker.com -o get-docker.sh
[root@lhrdocker ~]# ll
total 56
-rw-------. 1 root root  2152 Sep 13  2018 anaconda-ks.cfg
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Sep 12  2018 Desktop
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Sep 12  2018 Documents
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Sep 12  2018 Downloads
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 13857 Jun 24 12:57 get-docker.sh
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  2256 Sep 13  2018 initial-setup-ks.cfg
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Sep 12  2018 Music
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Sep 12  2018 Pictures
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Sep 12  2018 Public
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Sep 12  2018 Templates
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Sep 12  2018 Videos

[root@lhrdocker ~]# sh get-docker.sh
# Executing docker install script, commit: 26ff363bcf3b3f5a00498ac43694bf1c7d9ce16c
+ sh -c 'yum install -y -q yum-utils'
http://mirrors.aliyuncs.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/repodata/f09552edffa70f49f553e411c2282fbccfffbeafa21e81e32622b103038b8bae-primary.sqlite.bz2: [Errno 14] curl#7 - "Failed connect to mirrors.aliyuncs.com:80; Connection refused"
Trying other mirror.
No Presto metadata available for updates
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
** Found 3 pre-existing rpmdb problem(s), 'yum check' output follows:
ipa-client-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.x86_64 has installed conflicts freeipa-client: ipa-client-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.x86_64
ipa-client-common-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.noarch has installed conflicts freeipa-client-common: ipa-client-common-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.noarch
ipa-common-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.noarch has installed conflicts freeipa-common: ipa-common-4.4.0-12.el7.centos.noarch
+ sh -c 'yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo'
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
adding repo from: https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
grabbing file https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo to /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo
repo saved to /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo
+ '[' stable '!=' stable ']'
+ sh -c 'yum makecache'
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
base                                                                                                  | 3.6 kB  00:00:00
docker-ce-stable                                                                                      | 3.5 kB  00:00:00
epel                                                                                                  | 4.7 kB  00:00:00
extras                                                                                                | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
updates                                                                                               | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
(1/9): epel/x86_64/prestodelta                                                                        | 2.0 kB  00:00:00
(2/9): base/7/x86_64/other_db                                                                         | 2.6 MB  00:00:00
(3/9): extras/7/x86_64/filelists_db                                                                   | 205 kB  00:00:00
(4/9): extras/7/x86_64/other_db                                                                       | 122 kB  00:00:00
(5/9): updates/7/x86_64/other_db                                                                      | 238 kB  00:00:00
(6/9): updates/7/x86_64/filelists_db                                                                  | 1.6 MB  00:00:02
(7/9): epel/x86_64/other_db                                                                           | 3.3 MB  00:00:05
(8/9): base/7/x86_64/filelists_db                                                                     | 7.1 MB  00:00:06
(9/9): epel/x86_64/filelists_db                                                                       |  12 MB  00:00:07
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
Metadata Cache Created
+ '[' -n '' ']'
+ sh -c 'yum install -y -q docker-ce'
No Presto metadata available for base
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/docker-ce-stable/packages/docker-ce-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA512 Signature, key ID 621e9f35: NOKEY
Public key for docker-ce-19.03.12-3.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
Importing GPG key 0x621E9F35:
 Userid     : "Docker Release (CE rpm) <docker@docker.com>"
 Fingerprint: 060a 61c5 1b55 8a7f 742b 77aa c52f eb6b 621e 9f35
 From       : https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/gpg
setsebool:  SELinux is disabled.
If you would like to use Docker as a non-root user, you should now consider
adding your user to the "docker" group with something like:

  sudo usermod -aG docker your-user

Remember that you will have to log out and back in for this to take effect!

WARNING: Adding a user to the "docker" group will grant the ability to run
         containers which can be used to obtain root privileges on the
         docker host.
         Refer to https://docs.docker.com/engine/security/security/#docker-daemon-attack-surface
         for more information.
[root@lhrdocker ~]# If you would like to use Docker as a non-root user, you should now consider
adding your user to the "docker" group with something like:

  sudo usermod -aG docker your-user

Remember that you will have to log out and back in for this to take effect!

WARNING: Adding a user to the "docker" group will grant the ability to run
         containers which can be used to obtain root privileges on the
         docker host.
         Refer to https://docs.docker.com/engine/security/security/#docker-daemon-attack-surface
         for more information.
[root@lhrdocker ~]# d
[root@lhrdocker ~]# docker ps
Cannot connect to the Docker daemon at unix:///var/run/docker.sock. Is the docker daemon running?
[root@lhrdocker ~]# systemctl start docker
systemctl status docker[root@lhrdocker ~]# systemctl status docker
● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2020-06-24 13:12:56 CST; 1s ago
     Docs: https://docs.docker.com
 Main PID: 9348 (dockerd)
   Memory: 38.4M
   CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service
           └─9348 /usr/bin/dockerd -H fd:// --containerd=/run/containerd/containerd.sock

Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker dockerd[9348]: time="2020-06-24T13:12:56.403432651+08:00" level=info msg="ccResolverWrappe...e=grpc
Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker dockerd[9348]: time="2020-06-24T13:12:56.403438749+08:00" level=info msg="ClientConn switc...e=grpc
Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker dockerd[9348]: time="2020-06-24T13:12:56.422565741+08:00" level=info msg="Loading containe...tart."
Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker dockerd[9348]: time="2020-06-24T13:12:56.498364397+08:00" level=info msg="Default bridge (...dress"
Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker dockerd[9348]: time="2020-06-24T13:12:56.586263842+08:00" level=info msg="Loading containe...done."
Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker dockerd[9348]: time="2020-06-24T13:12:56.614176483+08:00" level=warning msg="Not using nat...erlay2
Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker dockerd[9348]: time="2020-06-24T13:12:56.614312232+08:00" level=info msg="Docker daemon" c....03.12
Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker dockerd[9348]: time="2020-06-24T13:12:56.614366802+08:00" level=info msg="Daemon has compl...ation"
Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker dockerd[9348]: time="2020-06-24T13:12:56.700953028+08:00" level=info msg="API listen on /v....sock"
Jun 24 13:12:56 lhrdocker systemd[1]: Started Docker Application Container Engine.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.
[root@lhrdocker ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
[root@lhrdocker ~]#

到此为止,Docker软件安装完成。

——————————————————————————————————————————

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