JavaScript多张图片放大镜效果(不限定图片尺寸,rem单位)

效果如下:可以展示图片列表的放大镜效果,图片尺寸没有要求会自动调整至水平垂直居中效果


代码如下,除了图片要替换一下,其它的可直接运行查看效果,enlarge是图片要放大查看的倍数,注意:.bigBox的宽高与.tool的宽高比值要与enlarge保持一致,比如本例中这个比值是4

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Document</title>
    <script>
        function fontAuto() {
            document.documentElement.style.fontSize = document.documentElement.clientWidth / 19.2 + 'px';
        }

        fontAuto();
        window.onresize = function () {
            fontAuto();
        }
    </script>
    <style type="text/css">
        * {
            margin: 0;
            padding: 0;
        }

        /*图片放大镜*/
        .result-list li {
            float: left;
            width: 3rem;
            margin: 0.15rem;
            border: 1px solid #ddd;
            padding: 0.08rem;
            border-radius: 0.05rem;
            list-style-type: none;
        }

        .result-list li:hover {
            box-shadow: 0 0 10px 5px #ddd;
        }

        .img-to-big {
            width: 100%;
            height: 1.5rem;
            margin: 0 auto;
        }

        .small-box {
            width: 100%;
            height: 1.5rem;
            border: 1px #ccc solid;
            cursor: move;
            position: relative;
            vertical-align: middle;
            display: block;
        }

        .small-box img {
            max-width: 100%;
            max-height: 100%;
            margin: auto;
            display: block;
            position: absolute;
            top: 0;
            left: 0;
            right: 0;
            bottom: 0;
        }

        .tool {
            width: 1rem;
            height: 1rem;
            background-color: lightgray;
            opacity: 0.6;
            filter: alpha(opacity=60);
            position: absolute;
            left: 0;
            top: 0;
            display: none;
        }

        .tool.active {
            display: block;
        }

        .big-box {
            width: 4rem;
            height: 4rem;
            overflow: hidden;
            border: 2px solid lightgray;
            position: absolute;
            background: #fff;
            display: none;
            left: 3rem;
            z-index: 100;
        }

        .big-box.active {
            display: table-cell;
            vertical-align: middle;
        }

        .big-box img {
            position: absolute;
            display: block;
        }

        /*图片放大镜*/
    </style>
</head>
<body>
<div class="result-list">
    <ul>
        <li>
            <div class="img-to-big">
                <div class="small-box">
                    <img class="small-img" src="img/zs2.jpg"/>
                    <div class="tool"></div>
                </div>
                <div class="big-box">
                    <img src="img/zs2.jpg" class="big-img"/>
                </div>
            </div>
        </li>
        <li>
            <div class="img-to-big">
                <div class="small-box">
                    <img class="small-img" src="img/zs2.jpg"/>
                    <div class="tool"></div>
                </div>
                <div class="big-box">
                    <img src="img/zs2.jpg" class="big-img"/>
                </div>
            </div>
        </li>
        <li>
            <div class="img-to-big">
                <div class="small-box">
                    <img class="small-img" src="img/zs2.jpg"/>
                    <div class="tool"></div>
                </div>
                <div class="big-box">
                    <img src="img/zs2.jpg" class="big-img"/>
                </div>
            </div>
        </li>
        <li>
            <div class="img-to-big">
                <div class="small-box">
                    <img class="small-img" src="img/zs2.jpg"/>
                    <div class="tool"></div>
                </div>
                <div class="big-box">
                    <img src="img/zs2.jpg" class="big-img"/>
                </div>
            </div>
        </li>
    </ul>
</div>
<script>
    window.onload = function () {
        forImg();
        window.onresize = function () {
            forImg();
        };
    }

    function forImg() {
        var enlarge = 4;
        var imgToBig = document.getElementsByClassName("img-to-big");
        var list = document.getElementsByClassName("result-list")[0];
        for (var i = 0; i < imgToBig.length; i++) {
            var smallBox = imgToBig[i].getElementsByClassName("small-box")[0];//小盒子
            var smallImg = smallBox.getElementsByClassName("small-img")[0];
            var tool = imgToBig[i].getElementsByClassName("tool")[0];//小盒子中的灰色区域
            var bigBox = imgToBig[i].getElementsByClassName("big-box")[0];//大盒子
            bigBox.style.left = smallBox.offsetLeft + smallBox.offsetWidth + "px";
            bigBox.style.top = smallBox.offsetTop + "px";
            var bigImg = imgToBig[i].getElementsByClassName("big-img")[0];//放大的图片
            var leftNum = smallBox.offsetParent;
            var num = leftNum.offsetLeft;
            imgSize(smallBox, smallImg, smallImg.getAttribute("src"), bigImg, enlarge);
            toBigImg(smallBox, tool, bigBox, bigImg, num, smallImg, list, enlarge);
        }

        function imgSize(smallBox, thisImg, src, bigImg, enlarge) {
            var img = new Image();
            img.src = src;
            img.onload = function () {
                var realWidth = img.width;
                var realHeight = img.height;
                if ((realWidth / smallBox.offsetWidth) >= (realHeight / smallBox.offsetHeight)) {//当展示的图片尺寸并不统一时,根据图片长宽比例确定图片以高度还是宽度为准进行缩放展示
                    thisImg.style.width = smallBox.offsetWidth + "px";
                    thisImg.style.height = "auto";
                    bigImg.style.width = smallBox.offsetWidth * enlarge + "px";
                    bigImg.style.height = "auto";
                } else {
                    thisImg.style.height = smallBox.offsetHeight + "px";
                    thisImg.style.width = "auto";
                    bigImg.style.height = smallBox.offsetHeight * enlarge + "px";
                    bigImg.style.width = "auto";
                }
            }
        }

        function toBigImg(smallBox, tool, bigBox, bigImg, num, smallImg, list, enlarge) {
            smallBox.onmouseenter = function () {
                tool.className = "tool active";
                bigBox.className = "big-box active";
            };
            //鼠标离开小盒子区域,不显示黄色区域和大盒子
            smallBox.onmouseleave = function () {
                tool.className = "tool";
                bigBox.className = "big-box";
            };
            //鼠标在小盒子内移动
            smallBox.onmousemove = function (e) {
                var _e = window.event || e;//事件对象
                var x = _e.clientX - this.offsetLeft - tool.offsetWidth / 2 - num;//事件对象在小盒子内的横向偏移量
                var y = _e.clientY - this.offsetTop - list.offsetTop - tool.offsetHeight / 2;//竖向偏移量
                if (x < 0) {
                    x = 0;//当左偏移出小盒子时,设为0
                }
                if (y < 0) {
                    y = 0;//当上偏移出小盒子时,设为0
                }
                if (x > this.offsetWidth - tool.offsetWidth) {
                    x = this.offsetWidth - tool.offsetWidth;//当右偏移出小盒子时,设为小盒子的宽度-黄色放大区域宽度
                }
                if (y > this.offsetHeight - tool.offsetHeight) {
                    y = this.offsetHeight - tool.offsetHeight;//当下偏移出小盒子时,设为小盒子的高度-黄色放大区域高度
                }
                tool.style.left = x + "px";//灰色放大区域距离小盒子左偏距
                tool.style.top = y + "px";//灰色放大区域距离小盒子上偏距
                bigImg.style.left = (-x + smallImg.offsetLeft) * enlarge + "px";//放大图片移动方向相反,偏移距离加倍
                bigImg.style.top = (-y + smallImg.offsetTop) * enlarge + "px";
            }
        }
    }
</script>
</body>
</html>

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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/liona_koukou/article/details/80337245
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