android硬编码h264-MediaCodec

本人对android已无大爱,更新太快,就h264编码先后实现了 ffmpeg+x264软编  Mediarecoder提取,还没能稳定的又出了MediaCodec,更新太快。更新快也是好事,说明android生命力旺盛。

既然瞅了几眼,就发出来个测试版本吧。android编码h264, 用udp发送到vlc播放测试。代码上传至:http://download.csdn.net/detail/liuhongxiangm/6772629

上代码:

package com.encode.androidencode;

import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.media.MediaCodec;
import android.media.MediaCodecInfo;
import android.media.MediaFormat;
import android.util.Log;



public class AvcEncoder 
{

	private MediaCodec mediaCodec;
	int m_width;
	int m_height;
	byte[] m_info = null;


	private byte[] yuv420 = null; 
	@SuppressLint("NewApi")
	public AvcEncoder(int width, int height, int framerate, int bitrate) { 
		
		m_width  = width;
		m_height = height;
		yuv420 = new byte[width*height*3/2];
	
	    mediaCodec = MediaCodec.createEncoderByType("video/avc");
	    MediaFormat mediaFormat = MediaFormat.createVideoFormat("video/avc", width, height);
	    mediaFormat.setInteger(MediaFormat.KEY_BIT_RATE, bitrate);
	    mediaFormat.setInteger(MediaFormat.KEY_FRAME_RATE, framerate);
	    mediaFormat.setInteger(MediaFormat.KEY_COLOR_FORMAT, MediaCodecInfo.CodecCapabilities.COLOR_FormatYUV420Planar);    
	    mediaFormat.setInteger(MediaFormat.KEY_I_FRAME_INTERVAL, 1); //关键帧间隔时间 单位s
	    
	    mediaCodec.configure(mediaFormat, null, null, MediaCodec.CONFIGURE_FLAG_ENCODE);
	    mediaCodec.start();
	}

	@SuppressLint("NewApi")
	public void close() {
	    try {
	        mediaCodec.stop();
	        mediaCodec.release();
	    } catch (Exception e){ 
	        e.printStackTrace();
	    }
	}

	@SuppressLint("NewApi")
	public int offerEncoder(byte[] input, byte[] output) 
	{	
		int pos = 0;
		swapYV12toI420(input, yuv420, m_width, m_height);
	    try {
	        ByteBuffer[] inputBuffers = mediaCodec.getInputBuffers();
	        ByteBuffer[] outputBuffers = mediaCodec.getOutputBuffers();
	        int inputBufferIndex = mediaCodec.dequeueInputBuffer(-1);
	        if (inputBufferIndex >= 0) 
	        {
	            ByteBuffer inputBuffer = inputBuffers[inputBufferIndex];
	            inputBuffer.clear();
	            inputBuffer.put(yuv420);
	            mediaCodec.queueInputBuffer(inputBufferIndex, 0, yuv420.length, 0, 0);
	        }

	        MediaCodec.BufferInfo bufferInfo = new MediaCodec.BufferInfo();
	        int outputBufferIndex = mediaCodec.dequeueOutputBuffer(bufferInfo,0);
	       
	        while (outputBufferIndex >= 0) 
	        {
	            ByteBuffer outputBuffer = outputBuffers[outputBufferIndex];
	            byte[] outData = new byte[bufferInfo.size];
	            outputBuffer.get(outData);
	            
	            if(m_info != null)
	            {            	
	            	System.arraycopy(outData, 0,  output, pos, outData.length);
	 	            pos += outData.length;
	            	
	            }
	            
	            else //保存pps sps 只有开始时 第一个帧里有, 保存起来后面用
	            {
	            	 ByteBuffer spsPpsBuffer = ByteBuffer.wrap(outData);  
	                 if (spsPpsBuffer.getInt() == 0x00000001) 
	                 {  
	                	 m_info = new byte[outData.length];
	                	 System.arraycopy(outData, 0, m_info, 0, outData.length);
	                 } 
	                 else 
	                 {  
	                        return -1;
	                 }  	
	            }
	            
	            mediaCodec.releaseOutputBuffer(outputBufferIndex, false);
	            outputBufferIndex = mediaCodec.dequeueOutputBuffer(bufferInfo, 0);
	        }

	        if(output[4] == 0x65) //key frame   编码器生成关键帧时只有 00 00 00 01 65 没有pps sps, 要加上
	        {
	        	System.arraycopy(output, 0,  yuv420, 0, pos);
	        	System.arraycopy(m_info, 0,  output, 0, m_info.length);
	        	System.arraycopy(yuv420, 0,  output, m_info.length, pos);
	        	pos += m_info.length;
	        }
	        
	    } catch (Throwable t) {
	        t.printStackTrace();
	    }

	    return pos;
	}
	 //yv12 转 yuv420p  yvu -> yuv
    private void swapYV12toI420(byte[] yv12bytes, byte[] i420bytes, int width, int height) 
    {      
    	System.arraycopy(yv12bytes, 0, i420bytes, 0,width*height);
    	System.arraycopy(yv12bytes, width*height+width*height/4, i420bytes, width*height,width*height/4);
    	System.arraycopy(yv12bytes, width*height, i420bytes, width*height+width*height/4,width*height/4);  
    }  

	
}


package com.interfaces.androidencode;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.DatagramPacket;
import java.net.DatagramSocket;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.SocketException;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import java.util.List;


import android.graphics.ImageFormat;
import android.hardware.Camera;
import android.hardware.Camera.PreviewCallback;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.StrictMode;
import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.SurfaceHolder;
import android.view.SurfaceHolder.Callback;
import android.view.SurfaceView;
import com.encode.androidencode.AvcEncoder;

public class MainActivity extends Activity
implements SurfaceHolder.Callback, PreviewCallback 
{

	DatagramSocket socket;
	InetAddress address;
	
	AvcEncoder avcCodec;
    public Camera m_camera;  
    SurfaceView   m_prevewview;
    SurfaceHolder m_surfaceHolder;
    int width = 1280;
    int height = 720;
    int framerate = 20;
    int bitrate = 2500000;
    
    byte[] h264 = new byte[width*height*3/2];

	@SuppressLint("NewApi")
	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		
		StrictMode.setThreadPolicy(new StrictMode.ThreadPolicy.Builder()
        .detectDiskReads()
        .detectDiskWrites()
        .detectAll()   // or .detectAll() for all detectable problems
        .penaltyLog()
        .build());
StrictMode.setVmPolicy(new StrictMode.VmPolicy.Builder()
        .detectLeakedSqlLiteObjects()
        .detectLeakedClosableObjects()
        .penaltyLog()
        .penaltyDeath()
        .build());
		
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
		
		avcCodec = new AvcEncoder(width,height,framerate,bitrate);
		
		m_prevewview = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.SurfaceViewPlay);
		m_surfaceHolder = m_prevewview.getHolder(); // 绑定SurfaceView,取得SurfaceHolder对象
		m_surfaceHolder.setFixedSize(width, height); // 预览大小設置
		m_surfaceHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);
		m_surfaceHolder.addCallback((Callback) this);	
		
		try {
			socket = new DatagramSocket();
			address = InetAddress.getByName("192.168.12.124");
		} catch (SocketException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (UnknownHostException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
		// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
		getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
		return true;
	}
	@Override
	public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder arg0, int arg1, int arg2, int arg3) 
	{
	
	}

	@SuppressLint("NewApi")
	@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
	@Override
	public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder arg0) 
	{
		try 
		{
			m_camera = Camera.open();
			m_camera.setPreviewDisplay(m_surfaceHolder);
			Camera.Parameters parameters = m_camera.getParameters();
			parameters.setPreviewSize(width, height);
			parameters.setPictureSize(width, height);
			parameters.setPreviewFormat(ImageFormat.YV12);
			m_camera.setParameters(parameters);	
			m_camera.setPreviewCallback((PreviewCallback) this);
			m_camera.startPreview();
			
		} catch (IOException e) 
		{
			e.printStackTrace();
		}	
	}

	@Override
	public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder arg0) 
	{
		m_camera.setPreviewCallback(null); //!!这个必须在前,不然退出出错
		m_camera.stopPreview(); 
		m_camera.release();
		m_camera = null; 
		avcCodec.close();
	}

	
	@Override
	public void onPreviewFrame(byte[] data, Camera camera) 
	{
		
		Log.v("h264", "h264 start");
		int ret = avcCodec.offerEncoder(data,h264);
		
		if(ret > 0)
		{
			try {		
				DatagramPacket packet=new DatagramPacket(h264,ret, address,5000);
				socket.send(packet);
			} catch (IOException e)
			{
			
			}
		}
		Log.v("h264", "h264 end");
		
	}

}

vlc的设置:设置里面的去复用器设置成H264的就好了,然后打开网络串流:udp://@:5000 就好了



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