java通过淘宝IP地址库获取详细的地域信息

package com.test.util;


import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.DataOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;


import com.google.gson.Gson;
import com.weixinqiao.model.AddressBean;


/**
 * 根据IP地址获取详细的地域信息
 * 
 * @project:personGocheck
 * @class:AddressUtils.java
 * @author:heguanhua E-mail:37809893@qq.com
 * @date:Nov 14, 2012 6:38:25 PM
 */
public class AddressUtils {
/**

* @param content
*            请求的参数 格式为:name=xxx&pwd=xxx
* @param encoding
*            服务器端请求编码。如GBK,UTF-8等
* @return
* @throws UnsupportedEncodingException
*/
public AddressBean getAddresses(String content, String encodingString)
throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
// 这里调用pconline的接口
String urlStr = "http://ip.taobao.com/service/getIpInfo.php";
// 从http://whois.pconline.com.cn取得IP所在的省市区信息
String returnStr = this.getResult(urlStr, content, encodingString);
if (returnStr != null) {
// 处理返回的省市区信息
// System.out.println(returnStr);
String[] temp = returnStr.split(",");
if (temp.length < 3) {
return null;// 无效IP,局域网测试
}
/*
* String region = (temp[5].split(":"))[1].replaceAll("\"", "");
* region = decodeUnicode(region);// 省份
*/
String country = "";
String area = "";
String region = "";
String city = "";
String county = "";
String isp = "";
AddressBean bean = new AddressBean();
for (int i = 0; i < temp.length; i++) {
switch (i) {
case 1:
country = (temp[i].split(":"))[2].replaceAll("\"", "");
country = decodeUnicode(country);// 国家
bean.setCountry(country);
break;
case 3:
area = (temp[i].split(":"))[1].replaceAll("\"", "");
area = decodeUnicode(area);// 地区
bean.setArea(area);
break;
case 5:
region = (temp[i].split(":"))[1].replaceAll("\"", "");
region = decodeUnicode(region);// 省份
bean.setRegion(region);
break;
case 7:
city = (temp[i].split(":"))[1].replaceAll("\"", "");
city = decodeUnicode(city);// 市区
bean.setCity(city);
break;
case 9:
county = (temp[i].split(":"))[1].replaceAll("\"", "");
county = decodeUnicode(county);// 地区
bean.setCounty(county);
break;
case 11:
isp = (temp[i].split(":"))[1].replaceAll("\"", "");
isp = decodeUnicode(isp);// ISP公司
bean.setIsp(isp);
break;
}
}
// System.out.println(country+"="+area+"="+region+"="+city+"="+county+"="+isp);
return bean;
}
return null;
}


/**
* @param urlStr
*            请求的地址
* @param content
*            请求的参数 格式为:name=xxx&pwd=xxx
* @param encoding
*            服务器端请求编码。如GBK,UTF-8等
* @return
*/
private String getResult(String urlStr, String content, String encoding) {
URL url = null;
HttpURLConnection connection = null;
try {
url = new URL(urlStr);
connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();// 新建连接实例
connection.setConnectTimeout(2000);// 设置连接超时时间,单位毫秒
connection.setReadTimeout(2000);// 设置读取数据超时时间,单位毫秒
connection.setDoOutput(true);// 是否打开输出流 true|false
connection.setDoInput(true);// 是否打开输入流true|false
connection.setRequestMethod("POST");// 提交方法POST|GET
connection.setUseCaches(false);// 是否缓存true|false
connection.connect();// 打开连接端口
DataOutputStream out = new DataOutputStream(
connection.getOutputStream());// 打开输出流往对端服务器写数据
out.writeBytes(content);// 写数据,也就是提交你的表单 name=xxx&pwd=xxx
out.flush();// 刷新
out.close();// 关闭输出流
BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
connection.getInputStream(), encoding));// 往对端写完数据对端服务器返回数据
// ,以BufferedReader流来读取
StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
String line = "";
while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
buffer.append(line);
}
reader.close();
return buffer.toString();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} finally {
if (connection != null) {
connection.disconnect();// 关闭连接
}
}
return null;
}


/**
* unicode 转换成 中文

* @author fanhui 2007-3-15
* @param theString
* @return
*/
public static String decodeUnicode(String theString) {
char aChar;
int len = theString.length();
StringBuffer outBuffer = new StringBuffer(len);
for (int x = 0; x < len;) {
aChar = theString.charAt(x++);
if (aChar == '\\') {
aChar = theString.charAt(x++);
if (aChar == 'u') {
int value = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
aChar = theString.charAt(x++);
switch (aChar) {
case '0':
case '1':
case '2':
case '3':
case '4':
case '5':
case '6':
case '7':
case '8':
case '9':
value = (value << 4) + aChar - '0';
break;
case 'a':
case 'b':
case 'c':
case 'd':
case 'e':
case 'f':
value = (value << 4) + 10 + aChar - 'a';
break;
case 'A':
case 'B':
case 'C':
case 'D':
case 'E':
case 'F':
value = (value << 4) + 10 + aChar - 'A';
break;
default:
throw new IllegalArgumentException(
"Malformed      encoding.");
}
}
outBuffer.append((char) value);
} else {
if (aChar == 't') {
aChar = '\t';
} else if (aChar == 'r') {
aChar = '\r';
} else if (aChar == 'n') {
aChar = '\n';
} else if (aChar == 'f') {
aChar = '\f';
}
outBuffer.append(aChar);
}
} else {
outBuffer.append(aChar);
}
}
return outBuffer.toString();
}

/**
* 通过ip地址获取用户的地区信息
* @param ip
* @return
* @author: Jerri Liu
* @date: 2014年3月28日下午4:08:18
*/
public static String getAddress(String ip){
AddressUtils addressUtils = new AddressUtils();
AddressBean address = null;
Gson gson = new Gson();
String addr = "";
try {
address = addressUtils.getAddresses("ip=" + ip, "utf-8");
addr = gson.toJson(address);
} catch (Exception e) {
return "";
}
return addr;
}



// 测试main方法
@SuppressWarnings("unused")
public static void main(String[] args) {
AddressUtils addressUtils = new AddressUtils();
String ip = "123.134.37.115";
AddressBean address = null;
Gson gson = new Gson();
String addr = "";
try {
address = addressUtils.getAddresses("ip=" + ip, "utf-8");
addr = gson.toJson(address);
} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
System.out.println(address.getCountry());
// 输出结果为:广东省,广州市,越秀区
}

}


在系统中,网站的头部一般都有显示是哪个城市的,用户进入到网站的首页后,默认城市应该是用户本地的城市信息,例如:北京,网站就要根据你的IP地址的信息,查询数据,获取北京部分的数据,呵呵,当然我可能描述的不是很清楚,但是可以理解成,通过IP地址定位地理信息就行。很多人现在使用以QQ数据库为基础获取地址信息,但不完整、而且不规范。互联网提供很多其他接口可以完成这项功能.

           接口如下:

通过淘宝IP地址库获取IP位置

1. 请求接口(GET):http://ip.taobao.com/service/getIpInfo.php?ip=[ip地址字串]
2. 响应信息:(json格式的)国家 、省(自治区或直辖市)、市(县)、运营商
3. 返回数据格式:
{"code":0,"data":{"ip":"210.75.225.254","country":"\u4e2d\u56fd","area":"\u534e\u5317",
"region":"\u5317\u4eac\u5e02","city":"\u5317\u4eac\u5e02","county":"","isp":"\u7535\u4fe1",
"country_id":"86","area_id":"100000","region_id":"110000","city_id":"110000",
"county_id":"-1","isp_id":"100017"}}
其中code的值的含义为,0:成功,1:失败。
 
新浪的接口 :http://int.dpool.sina.com.cn/iplookup/iplookup.php?format=json&ip=218.192.3.42
返回值
var remote_ip_info = {"ret":1,"start":"218.192.0.0","end":"218.192.7.255","country":"\u4e2d\u56fd","province":"\u5e7f\u4e1c","city":"\u5e7f\u5dde","district":"","isp":"\u6559\u80b2\u7f51","type":"\u5b66\u6821","desc":"\u5e7f\u5dde\u5927\u5b66\u7eba\u7ec7\u670d\u88c5\u5b66\u9662"};
通过jqry 获取相应的数据
$.getScript('数据接口',function(){
//新浪:remote_ip_info.country
})
 
根据腾讯IP分享计划的地址获取IP所在地


转载地址: http://hejianke83.blog.163.com/blog/static/60765162012101694919149/

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