【Android】如何实现一个简单的文件浏览器

使用ListView实现了一个最简单的SD卡文件浏览器。

这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述

Manifest文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.loushuai.simpleplayer">

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.MOUNT_UNMOUNT_FILESYSTEMS"/>

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity" android:label="@string/title_simple_palyer">
            <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

layout文件

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    tools:context="com.example.loushuai.simpleplayer.MainActivity">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Hello World!" />
</RelativeLayout>

list_item.xlm

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<TextView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/myView1"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge"
    android:gravity="center_vertical"
    android:paddingLeft="5dip"
    android:singleLine="true">
</TextView>

MainActivity.java

package com.example.loushuai.simpleplayer;

import android.app.ListActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SimpleAdapter;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Stack;

public class MainActivity extends ListActivity {
    public static final String COLUMN_NAME_NAME = "name";

    private SimpleAdapter adapter = null;
    private List<Map<String, Object>> itemList;
    private Stack<String> pathHistory = null;
    private String curPath;

    String[] from = { COLUMN_NAME_NAME } ;
    int[] to = {R.id.myView1};

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        pathHistory = new Stack<String>();

        String sDStateString = Environment.getExternalStorageState();
        if(sDStateString.equals(Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED)) {
            File SDFile = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory();
            curPath = SDFile.getAbsolutePath() + "/";
            itemList = getData(curPath);
            adapter = new SimpleAdapter(this, itemList, R.layout.list_item, from, to);
            setListAdapter(adapter);
        }
    }

    private List<Map<String, Object>> getData(String path) {
        List<Map<String, Object>> list = new ArrayList<Map<String,Object>>();

        Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
        map.put(COLUMN_NAME_NAME, "..");
        list.add(map);

        File file = new File(path);
        if (file.listFiles().length > 0) {
            for (File f : file.listFiles()) {
                map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
                String name = f.getName();
                if (f.isDirectory()) {
                    name += "/";
                }
                map.put(COLUMN_NAME_NAME, name);
                list.add(map);

                Log.d("Scan", " path " + path + f.getName());
            }
        }

        return list;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onListItemClick(ListView l, View v, int position, long id) {
        super.onListItemClick(l, v, position, id);

        String path;
        if (position > 0) {
            pathHistory.push(curPath);
            path = curPath + itemList.get(position).get(COLUMN_NAME_NAME);
        } else { // uplevel
            if (!pathHistory.empty())
                path = pathHistory.pop();
            else // root
                path = curPath;
        }
        Log.d("List View Click", " position: " + position + " name: " + path);

        File file = new File(path);
        if (file.isDirectory()) {
            updateList(path);
            curPath = path;
        } else {
            Toast toast = Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), itemList.get(position).get(COLUMN_NAME_NAME) + " is a file", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT);
            toast.show();
        }
    }

    private void updateList(String path) {
        itemList.clear();
        itemList = getData(path);
        adapter = new SimpleAdapter(this, itemList, R.layout.list_item, from, to);
        setListAdapter(adapter);
        adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
    }
}

完整代码请移步:https://github.com/loushuai/SimpleFileViewer

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