Intent 各种跳转


现在开发中的功能需要直接跳转到拨号、联系人、短信界面等等,查找了很多资料,自己整理了一下。

首先,我们先看拨号界面,代码如下:

Intent intent =new Intent();
        	intent.setAction("android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON");
        	startActivity(intent);

和   

Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx"); 
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);   
startActivity(intent);

两者都行   

但是如果是跳转到应用,使用一下代码:

Intent intent= new Intent("android.intent.action.DIAL"); 
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");


到通话记录界面:到通话记录界面:到通话记录界面:

Intent intent=new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_CALL_BUTTON);
startActivity(intent);

到联系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent(); 
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); 
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI); 
startActivity(intent); 

同理,到应用:

Intent intent= new Intent("com.android.contacts.action.LIST_STREQUENT"); 
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");

调用联系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent(); 
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_PICK); 
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI); 
startActivity(intent); 

插入联系人

  Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT,Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts/"+"1"));
  startActivity(intent);

到联系人列表界面

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
			intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/person");
			intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");
			intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/raw_contact");
			intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, name);
			intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,company);
			intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, tel);
			intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE, 3);

到短信界面:

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
				intent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
//				intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://mms-sms/conversations/"));//此为号码
				startActivity(intent);


到应用:

Intent intent = new Intent("android.intent.action.CONVERSATION");
startActivity(intent);


以下是在网上找到的其他方法:

1.从google搜索内容

Intent intent = new Intent(); 
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH); 
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString") 
startActivity(intent); 


2.浏览网页

Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com"); 
Intent it   = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri); 
startActivity(it); 


3.显示地图

Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri); 
startActivity(it); 


4.路径规划

Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI); 
startActivity(it);


5.拨打电话

Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);   
startActivity(it);

uri = Uri.parse("tel:"+number);  
                intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL,uri);  
                startActivity(intent); 


其中不同自己试验一下就知道了。

6.调用发短信的程序

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");   
it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");   
startActivity(it);

uri = Uri.parse("smsto:"+要发送短信的对方的number);  
                intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO,uri);  
                startActivity(intent);  

mIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);  
        mIntent.putExtra("address", c.getString(c.getColumnIndex(column)));  
        mIntent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");  
        startActivity(mIntent);  


7.发送短信

Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");   
startActivity(it); 
String body="this is sms demo"; 
Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null)); 
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body); 
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true); 
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true); 
startActivity(mmsintent);<span style="font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"> </span>


8.发送彩信

Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);   
it.setType("image/png");   
startActivity(it); 
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); 
sb.append("file://"); 
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile()); 
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null)); 
// Below extra datas are all optional. 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString()); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent); 
startActivity(intent); 

9.发送Email

Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri); 
startActivity(it); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");   
it.setType("text/plain");   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client")); 
Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};     
String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");     
it.setType("message/rfc822");     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));   

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");   
sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client")); 


10.播放多媒体

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3"); 
it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3"); 
startActivity(it); 
Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);   
startActivity(it); 

11.uninstall apk

Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);   
startActivity(it);


12.install apk

Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null); 
returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri); 


13. 打开照相机

<1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null); 
          this.sendBroadcast(i); 
    <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis(); 
         String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg"; 
         fileName = folder + name; 
         ContentValues values = new ContentValues(); 
         values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName); 
         values.put("_data", fileName); 
         values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName); 
         values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); 
         values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName); 
         values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); 
         Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert( 
                   MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values); 
           
         Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE); 
         inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri); 
         startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10); 


14.从gallery选取图片

 Intent i = new Intent(); 
         i.setType("image/*"); 
         i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
         startActivityForResult(i, 11); 


15. 打开录音机

Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION); 
         startActivity(mi); 

16.显示应用详细列表

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");        
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);        
startActivity(it);        
//where app_id is the application ID, find the ID         
//by clicking on your application on Market home         
//page, and notice the ID from the address bar<span style="font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">    </span>

刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以 Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>");
这个简单多了

17寻找应用

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");        
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);        
startActivity(it); 
//where pkg_name is the full package path for an application<span style="font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">     </span>

18打开联系人列表

 <1>           
          Intent i = new Intent(); 
          i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
          i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone"); 
          startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT); 

<2> 
         Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people"); 
         Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri); 
         startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT); 


19 打开另一程序

Intent i = new Intent(); 
         ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2", 
                   "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch"); 
         i.setComponent(cn); 
         i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN"); 
         startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK); 


20 添加到短信收件箱20 添加到短信收件箱

ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();      
                 cv.put("type", "1");   
 cv.put("address","短信地址");  
 cv.put("body", "短信内容");   
 getContentResolver().insert(Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox"), cv);


21 从sim卡或者联系人中查询21 从sim卡或者联系人中查询

Cursor cursor;  
         Uri uri;  
         if (type == 1) {  
             Intent intent = new Intent();  
             intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://icc/adn"));  
             uri = intent.getData();  
         } else  
             uri = People.CONTENT_URI;  
   
         cursor = activity.getContentResolver().query(uri, null, null, null, null);  
 while (cursor.moveToNext()) {  
 
  int peopleId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People._ID);
 
  int nameId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NAME); 
 
  int phoneId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NUMBER);}

查看某个联系人,当然这里是ACTION_VIEW,如果为选择并返回action改为ACTION_PICK,当然处理intent时返回需要用到startActivityforResult

Uri personUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, ID);//最后的ID参数为联系人Provider中的数据库BaseID,即哪一行

Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); intent.setData(personUri); startActivity(intent);


22 删除

uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, 联系人id);  
         int count = activity.getContentResolver().delete(uri, null, null);  


23 添加到联系人

ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();  
                     ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation> operationList = new ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation>();  
                     ContentProviderOperation.Builder builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI);  
                     builder.withValues(cv);  
                     operationList.add(builder.build());  
                     builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);  
                     builder.withValueBackReference(StructuredName.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);  
                     builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);  
                     builder.withValue(StructuredName.DISPLAY_NAME, "自定义联系人名");  
                     operationList.add(builder.build());  
                     builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);  
                     builder.withValueBackReference(Phone.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);  
                     builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);  
                     builder.withValue(Phone.NUMBER, "联系人的phonenumber");  
                     builder.withValue(Data.IS_PRIMARY, 1);  
                     operationList.add(builder.build());  
                     try {  
                         getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY, operationList);  
                     } catch (RemoteException e) {  
                         e.printStackTrace();  
                     } catch (OperationApplicationException e) {  
                         e.printStackTrace();  
                     }  

23 选择一个图片

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
 intent.setType("image/*");
 startActivityForResult(intent, 0); 


24 调用Android设备的照相机,并设置拍照后存放位置24 调用Android设备的照相机,并设置拍照后存放位置

 Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
 intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment .getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/cwj", android123 + ".jpg"))); //存放位置为sdcard卡上cwj文件夹,文件名为android123.jpg格式
 startActivityForResult(intent, 0);

25 在market上搜索指定package name,比如搜索com.android123.cwj的写法如下

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:com.android123.cwj");
 Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri); startActivity(intent);


26获取文件信息,并使用相对应软件打开26获取文件信息,并使用相对应软件打开

private void openFile(File f)  
 {  
   Intent intent = new Intent();  
   intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);  
   intent.setAction(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW);  
   String type = getMIMEType(f);  
   intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(f), type);  
   startActivity(intent);  
 }  
 
 private String getMIMEType(File f){  
   String end = f  
       .getName()  
       .substring(f.getName().lastIndexOf(".") + 1,  
           f.getName().length()).toLowerCase();  
   String type = "";  
   if (end.equals("mp3") || end.equals("aac") || end.equals("aac")  
       || end.equals("amr") || end.equals("mpeg")  
       || end.equals("mp4"))  
   {  
     type = "audio";  
   } else if (end.equals("jpg") || end.equals("gif")  
       || end.equals("png") || end.equals("jpeg"))  
   {  
     type = "image";  
   } else  
   {  
     type = "*";  
   }  
   type += "/*";  
   return type;  
 } 

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