JQdata通过财务数据计算日数据和30分钟数据的换手率

转载自:https://www.joinquant.com/view/community/detail/16916/

jqdata在提供基础数据的时候,并没有提供换手率这一数据,需要自己进行计算,本文将从财务数据里面计算出来换手率这一数据,合并到日数据和30分钟数据。

import pandas as pd
import jqdatasdk as JQ


stock_data_day_file = './data/day/'
stock_data_m30_file = './data/m30/'



# 获取日数据基本数据和财务数据
def get_day_data(stock,start_date,end_date):

    # 获取基本数据 =======================================================

    stock_pd = JQ.get_price(security=stock, start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, frequency='1d',
                         fields=['open', 'high', 'low', 'close', 'avg', 'volume', 'money', 'high_limit', 'low_limit',
                                 'pre_close', 'factor', 'paused'], fq='post').dropna()

    # 股票数据小于100条的丢弃
    if stock_pd.shape[0] < 100:
        return None,pd.DataFrame({})

    stock_pd = stock_pd.reset_index()  # 去掉索引,把日期索引转化为列

    # 处理日期格式
    stock_pd['date'] = pd.to_datetime(stock_pd['index'].values).strftime(date_format='%Y%m%d')
    stock_pd['date'] = stock_pd['date'].astype(int)

    # 处理代码格式
    stock_pd['code'] = stock.split('.')[0]
    stock_pd['code'] = stock_pd['code'].astype(int)

    # 处理成交量为前复权成交量
    stock_pd['volume_fq'] = stock_pd['volume']
    stock_pd['volume'] = stock_pd['volume'] * stock_pd['factor'] / 100   #  /100 股转为手

    # 成交额单位转换 元转换为千元 money
    stock_pd['money'] = stock_pd['money'] / 1000

    # 计算涨跌幅
    stock_pd['pct_change'] = (stock_pd['close'] / stock_pd['pre_close'] - 1) * 100

    # 排序字段
    stock_pd = stock_pd[['code', 'date', 'open', 'high', 'low', 'close', 'avg', 'pre_close', 'pct_change','volume',
                         'money', 'high_limit','low_limit', 'volume_fq', 'factor', 'paused']]

    # print(stock_pd)
    # print(stock_pd.shape[0])

    #  获取财务数据   ==========================================================================
    #  circulating_cap    流通股本(万股)
    #  circulating_market_cap    流通市值(亿元)
    #  turnover_ratio    换手率(%)

    Query = JQ.query(JQ.valuation.circulating_cap,
                 JQ.valuation.market_cap,
                 JQ.valuation.turnover_ratio
                 ).filter(JQ.valuation.code.in_([stock]))
    panel = JQ.get_fundamentals_continuously(Query, end_date=end_date, count=stock_pd.shape[0])

    # 判断当前的股票代码是否在panel里面,是代表有数据,否代表无数据  债没有财务数据,不判断这里会报错
    if stock not in panel.minor_axis.values:
        return None,pd.DataFrame({})

    stock_finance_pd = panel.minor_xs(stock)
    stock_finance_pd = stock_finance_pd.reset_index() # 去掉索引,把日期索引转化为列

    # 处理日期
    stock_finance_pd['date'] = pd.to_datetime(stock_finance_pd['day'].values).strftime(date_format='%Y%m%d')
    stock_finance_pd['date'] = stock_finance_pd['date'].astype(int)

    # 处理代码格式
    stock_finance_pd['code'] = stock.split('.')[0]
    stock_finance_pd['code'] = stock_finance_pd['code'].astype(int)

    stock_finance_pd = stock_finance_pd[['code', 'date', 'circulating_cap', 'market_cap', 'turnover_ratio']]

    #  合并股票基础数据和财务数据==========================================================================

    stock_data = pd.merge(stock_pd, stock_finance_pd, on=['code', 'date'])

    stock_data = stock_data[['code', 'date', 'open', 'high', 'low', 'close', 'avg', 'pre_close',
                             'pct_change','volume','money', 'turnover_ratio','high_limit','low_limit',
                             'volume_fq', 'circulating_cap','market_cap','factor', 'paused']]

    save_path = stock_data_day_file + stock + '.csv'
    stock_data.to_csv(save_path, index=False)

    # 返回股票的复权因子,用来处理30分钟的成交量复权问题
    stock_factor = stock_data[['code','date','factor']]

    return save_path,stock_factor

# 获取30分钟基本数据
def get_m30_data(stock,stock_factor,start_date,end_date):

    stock_m30_pd = JQ.get_price(security=stock, start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date+' 23:59:59', frequency='30m',
                         fields=['open', 'high', 'low', 'close', 'volume', 'money'], fq='post')

    stock_m30_pd = stock_m30_pd.reset_index() # 去掉索引,把日期索引转化为列

    # 处理日期格式
    stock_m30_pd['date'] = pd.to_datetime(stock_m30_pd['index'].values).strftime(date_format='%Y%m%d')
    stock_m30_pd['date'] = stock_m30_pd['date'].astype(int)

    # 处理时间格式  原时间为10:00-15:00  处理为9:30-14:30
    stock_m30_pd['time'] = (pd.to_datetime(stock_m30_pd['index'].values) - pd.Timedelta(minutes=30)).strftime(date_format='%H%M')
    stock_m30_pd['time'] = stock_m30_pd['time'].astype(int)

    # 处理代码格式
    stock_m30_pd['code'] = stock.split('.')[0]
    stock_m30_pd['code'] = stock_m30_pd['code'].astype(int)

    stock_m30_pd = stock_m30_pd[['code', 'date', 'time', 'open', 'high', 'low', 'close', 'volume', 'money']]

    # 处理成交量复权问题
    stock_m30_data = pd.merge(stock_m30_pd,stock_factor, on=['code','date'])
    stock_m30_data['volume'] = stock_m30_data['volume'] * stock_m30_data['factor'] / 100 # /100 成交量股转为手

    # 成交额单位转换 元转换为千元 money
    stock_m30_data['money'] = stock_m30_data['money'] / 1000

    save_path = stock_data_m30_file + stock + '_m30.csv'
    stock_m30_data.to_csv(save_path,index=False)

    return save_path



def query_spare():
    # 判断当日查询条数余额
    spare = JQ.get_query_count()['spare']
    if spare < 50000:
        print('spare',spare)
        sys.exit()
    return spare


def main(start_date,end_date):
    JQ.auth(username='1300000000', password=‘000000')

    # 获取数据已经下载完成的股票代码
    stocks_download_list = []
    for name in os.listdir(stock_data_day_file):
        if name[-4:] == '.csv':
            stocks_download_list.append(str(name[:-4]))

    # 获取所有股票代码
    stocks_all_list = list(JQ.get_all_securities(['stock']).index)
    # stocks_all_list = ['600631.XSHG']

    # 去掉已经下载完成的股票代码
    stocks_list = list(set(stocks_all_list).difference(set(stocks_download_list)))

    nums = 1
    for stock in stocks_list:
        spare = query_spare()
        day_save_path, stock_factor = get_day_data(stock,start_date,end_date)
        if stock_factor.shape[0] == 0:
            print(stock,' data error...')
            continue
        m30_save_path = get_m30_data(stock,stock_factor,start_date,end_date)
        print(nums,len(stocks_list),day_save_path,m30_save_path,spare)
        stocks_download_list.append(stock)
        nums += 1

if __name__ == '__main__':
    import os,sys,json
    end_date = sys.argv[1] # format : %Y-%m-%d
    # end_date = '2018-12-28'
    start_date = '2010-01-01'

    main(start_date,end_date)
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