# 第4~5周（5.14-5.27）

Linux应用编程 《Linux 网络编程卷一》《Linux 网络编程卷二》 《《Linux4.0设备驱动开发详解》 主要熟练掌握Linux进程、线程模型、各种进程间通讯方式、网络套接字编程、基础后台模块架构模型

## 1. 工欲善其事必先利其器.

Ubuntu下安装clang:https://blog.csdn.net/straydragon/article/details/79323502

## 2. 根据checklist设置注释模板

文件头注释范例：
/*
功能：
日期：\${TIME}
作者：luojie
*/

## 3. 下载本书的源码,遇到很多坑

### 1. 下载完成后查看README

Execute the following from the src/ directory:

./configure    # try to figure out all implementation differences

cd lib         # build the basic library that all programs need
make           # use "gmake" everywhere on BSD/OS systems

cd ../libfree  # continue building the basic library
make

cd ../libroute # only if your system supports 4.4BSD style routing sockets
make           # only if your system supports 4.4BSD style routing sockets

cd ../libxti   # only if your system supports XTI
make           # only if your system supports XTI

cd ../intro    # build and test a basic client program
make daytimetcpcli
./daytimetcpcli 127.0.0.1

If all that works, you're all set to start compiling individual programs.

Notice that all the source code assumes tabs every 4 columns, not 8.

### 2. unpv13e/libfree目录下 make报错

inet_ntop.c:60:9: error: argument ‘size’ doesn’t match prototype
size_t size;

### 3. unpv13e/libroute目录下 make报错

gcc -I../lib -g -O2 -D_REENTRANT -Wall   -c -o get_rtaddrs.o get_rtaddrs.c
unproute.h:3:45: fatal error: net/if_dl.h: No such file or directory
compilation terminated.

/*
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
*    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
*    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
*    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
*    must display the following acknowledgement:
*  This product includes software developed by the University of
*  California, Berkeley and its contributors.
* 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
*    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
*    without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*
*  @(#)if_dl.h 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/10/93
*/

/*
* A Link-Level Sockaddr may specify the interface in one of two
* ways: either by means of a system-provided index number (computed
* anew and possibly differently on every reboot), or by a human-readable
* string such as "il0" (for managerial convenience).
*
* Census taking actions, such as something akin to SIOCGCONF would return
* both the index and the human name.
*
* High volume transactions (such as giving a link-level from'' address
* in a recvfrom or recvmsg call) may be likely only to provide the indexed
* form, (which requires fewer copy operations and less space).
*
* The form and interpretation  of the link-level address is purely a matter
* of convention between the device driver and its consumers; however, it is
* expected that all drivers for an interface of a given if_type will agree.
*/

/*
*/
u_char  sdl_len;    /* Total length of sockaddr */
u_char  sdl_family; /* AF_DLI */
u_short sdl_index;  /* if != 0, system given index for interface */
u_char  sdl_type;   /* interface type */
u_char  sdl_nlen;   /* interface name length, no trailing 0 reqd. */
u_char  sdl_slen;   /* link layer selector length */
char    sdl_data[12];   /* minimum work area, can be larger;
contains both if name and ll address */
};

#ifndef KERNEL

#include <sys/cdefs.h>

__BEGIN_DECLS
__END_DECLS

#endif /* !KERNEL */

### 4. RTAX_MAX变量未声明

get_rtaddrs.c:21:18: error: ‘RTAX_MAX’ undeclared (first use in this function)
for (i = 0; i < RTAX_MAX; i++) {
^

### 5. Run

linux 现在因为安全问题，各个发行版本默认是不开daytime服务的。

• 一个运行:
make daytimetcpsrv
sudo ./daytimetcpsrv
• 另一个运行
./daytimetcpcli 127.0.0.1
• 返回结果:
Wed May 16 16:37:05 2018

• 广告
• 抄袭
• 版权
• 政治
• 色情
• 无意义
• 其他

120