【2018深信服 醒狮计划】《Linux应用编程》学习笔记

2018深信服“醒狮计划”笔记

第4~5周(5.14-5.27)

课程 必修 选修 基本要求
Linux应用编程 《Linux 网络编程卷一》《Linux 网络编程卷二》 《《Linux4.0设备驱动开发详解》 主要熟练掌握Linux进程、线程模型、各种进程间通讯方式、网络套接字编程、基础后台模块架构模型

1. 工欲善其事必先利其器.

根据网上大佬们的建议,决定使用Clion+Clang作为开发,为什么选择Clion,因为之前有做过Android开发,对JetBrains的一系列产品情有独钟,网上大佬各种吐槽gcc,强推Clang,那我就先这样试试.不行再换被,反正程序猿就是喜欢折腾.

怎么配置我就不说了,网上有很多

这里写图片描述

JetBrains产品目录:https://www.jetbrains.com/products.html?fromMenu
Ubuntu下安装clang:https://blog.csdn.net/straydragon/article/details/79323502

2. 根据checklist设置注释模板

有很多,自己去改把

文件头注释范例:
/*
  功能:
  日期:${TIME}
  作者:luojie
*/

这里写图片描述

3. 下载本书的源码,遇到很多坑

1. 下载完成后查看README

Execute the following from the src/ directory:

    ./configure    # try to figure out all implementation differences

    cd lib         # build the basic library that all programs need
    make           # use "gmake" everywhere on BSD/OS systems

    cd ../libfree  # continue building the basic library
    make

    cd ../libroute # only if your system supports 4.4BSD style routing sockets
    make           # only if your system supports 4.4BSD style routing sockets

    cd ../libxti   # only if your system supports XTI
    make           # only if your system supports XTI

    cd ../intro    # build and test a basic client program
    make daytimetcpcli
    ./daytimetcpcli 127.0.0.1

If all that works, you're all set to start compiling individual programs.

Notice that all the source code assumes tabs every 4 columns, not 8.

2. unpv13e/libfree目录下 make报错

inet_ntop.c:60:9: error: argument ‘size’ doesn’t match prototype
  size_t size;

解决方法:将inet_ntop.csize_t改为socklen_t

3. unpv13e/libroute目录下 make报错

gcc -I../lib -g -O2 -D_REENTRANT -Wall   -c -o get_rtaddrs.o get_rtaddrs.c
In file included from get_rtaddrs.c:1:0:
unproute.h:3:45: fatal error: net/if_dl.h: No such file or directory
compilation terminated.

解决方法: 创建if_dl.h 放到/usr/include/net/下,下面是if_dl.h源码,可以复制创建文件

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1990, 1993
 *  The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *  This product includes software developed by the University of
 *  California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *  @(#)if_dl.h 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/10/93
 */

/* 
 * A Link-Level Sockaddr may specify the interface in one of two
 * ways: either by means of a system-provided index number (computed
 * anew and possibly differently on every reboot), or by a human-readable
 * string such as "il0" (for managerial convenience).
 * 
 * Census taking actions, such as something akin to SIOCGCONF would return
 * both the index and the human name.
 * 
 * High volume transactions (such as giving a link-level ``from'' address
 * in a recvfrom or recvmsg call) may be likely only to provide the indexed
 * form, (which requires fewer copy operations and less space).
 * 
 * The form and interpretation  of the link-level address is purely a matter
 * of convention between the device driver and its consumers; however, it is
 * expected that all drivers for an interface of a given if_type will agree.
 */

/*
 * Structure of a Link-Level sockaddr:
 */
struct sockaddr_dl {
    u_char  sdl_len;    /* Total length of sockaddr */
    u_char  sdl_family; /* AF_DLI */
    u_short sdl_index;  /* if != 0, system given index for interface */
    u_char  sdl_type;   /* interface type */
    u_char  sdl_nlen;   /* interface name length, no trailing 0 reqd. */
    u_char  sdl_alen;   /* link level address length */
    u_char  sdl_slen;   /* link layer selector length */
    char    sdl_data[12];   /* minimum work area, can be larger;
                   contains both if name and ll address */
};

#define LLADDR(s) ((caddr_t)((s)->sdl_data + (s)->sdl_nlen))

#ifndef KERNEL

#include <sys/cdefs.h>

__BEGIN_DECLS
void    link_addr __P((const char *, struct sockaddr_dl *));
char    *link_ntoa __P((const struct sockaddr_dl *));
__END_DECLS

#endif /* !KERNEL */

4. RTAX_MAX变量未声明

README里面说BSD的系统才用编译这个。自己的系统是基于Ubuntu系统,所以不用编译这个,直接跳到第五步。

get_rtaddrs.c:21:18: error: ‘RTAX_MAX’ undeclared (first use in this function)
  for (i = 0; i < RTAX_MAX; i++) {
                  ^

解决办法:get_rtaddrs.cRTAX_MAX变量未声明,在/libroute/unproute.h#define RTAX_MAX 1024

5. Run

linux 现在因为安全问题,各个发行版本默认是不开daytime服务的。

第一个例子实际上是两个程序客户端服务端,所以要开个终端

  • 一个运行:
make daytimetcpsrv
sudo ./daytimetcpsrv
  • 另一个运行
./daytimetcpcli 127.0.0.1
  • 返回结果:
Wed May 16 16:37:05 2018

这里写图片描述

详情可以参考:https://www.jianshu.com/p/a0037f327b96

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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/luojie140/article/details/80339420
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