八皇后相关问题
The Sultan's Successo

The Sultan of Nubia has no children, so she has decided that the country will be split into up tok separate parts on her death and each part will be inherited by whoever performs best at some test. It is possible for any individual to inherit more than one or indeed all of the portions. To ensure that only highly intelligent people eventually become her successors, the Sultan has devised an ingenious test. In a large hall filled with the splash of fountains and the delicate scent of incense have been placed k chessboards. Each chessboard has numbers in the range 1 to 99 written on each square and is supplied with 8 jewelled chess queens. The task facing each potential successor is to place the 8 queens on the chess board in such a way that no queen threatens another one, and so that the numbers on the squares thus selected sum to a number at least as high as one already chosen by the Sultan. (For those unfamiliar with the rules of chess, this implies that each row and column of the board contains exactly one queen, and each diagonal contains no more than one.)

Write a program that will read in the number and details of the chessboards and determine the highest scores possible for each board under these conditions. (You know that the Sultan is both a good chess player and a good mathematician and you suspect that her score is the best attainable.)

Input

Input will consist of k (the number of boards), on a line by itself, followed by k sets of 64 numbers, each set consisting of eight lines of eight numbers. Each number will be a positive integer less than 100. There will never be more than 20 boards.

Output

Output will consist of k numbers consisting of your k scores, each score on a line by itself and right justified in a field 5 characters wide.

Sample input

1
 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8
 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48
48 50 51 52 53 54 55 56
57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64

Sample output

260
题意:八皇后的题,要求在8*8的棋盘上摆放8个皇后,这些皇后不同排,不同列,不在同一个斜线上,不同的是棋盘的每个位置有值,找出一种摆放方式使所有值的和最大,将和输出。
#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
int p[1000][9];
int tmp[8];
int n=0;
bool col[8]={0},leftt[15]={0},rightt[15]={0};
void func(int r)
{
	if(r==8){
		for(int i=0;i<8;++i)
		p[n][i]=tmp[i];
		n++;
		return;
	}
	for(int c=0;c<8;c++)
	{
		int ld=(c-r)+7;
		int rd=c+r;
		if(!col[c]&&!leftt[ld]&&!rightt[rd])
		{
			col[c]=1,leftt[ld]=1,rightt[rd]=1;
			tmp[r]=c;
			func(r+1);
			col[c]=0,leftt[ld]=0,rightt[rd]=0;
		}
	}
}
int main()
{
	func(0);
	int n,t;
	int board[8][8];
	cin>>n;t=n;
	while(t--)
	{
		for(int i=0;i<8;i++)
		{
			for(int j=0;j<8;j++)
			{
				cin>>board[i][j];
			}
		}
		int ans=0;
		for(int i=0;i<n;++i)
		{
			int sum=0;
			for(int j=0;j<8;j++)
			sum+=board[j][p[i][j]];
			cout<<sum<<endl;
			if(sum>ans) ans=sum;
		}
	//	cout<<ans<<endl;
	
	/*for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
	{
			for(int j=0;j<8;j++)
	{
			cout<<p[i][j]<<" ";
		}
		cout<<endl;
	}*/
}
	return 0;
}


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