基于SSM实现的Java后台开发项目搭建

对于SSM框架的介绍,项目结构的层级分离网上有很多介绍的资料,其实对于SSM框架的整合也有很多的教程,但我还是决定写下来,作为对自己的检查。在整合工程中,数据库使用的是mysql,数据库连接池使用的是HikariCP(HikariCP官网通过对比声称它是目前速度最快的数据库连接池),同时也配置了redis数据库连接池和redis客户端。

SSM框架整合

SSM整合,我分成了两个配置文件,分别为spring-mvc.xml和applicationContext.xml。同时还有资源文件,jdbc.properties、log4j.properties和redis.properties,另外需要注意的是,jackson导入的包和配置文件在spring3.x和spring4.x下是不一样的。完整目录如下:

pom.xml,引入常有的Java包

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>cn.scene</groupId>
    <artifactId>cn.scene</artifactId>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>cn.scene Maven Webapp</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

    <properties>
        <spring.version>4.3.13.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <mybatis.version>3.4.5</mybatis.version>
        <slf4j.version>1.7.7</slf4j.version>
        <log4j.version>1.2.17</log4j.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- spring核心包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-oxm</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjrt</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- java ee -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax</groupId>
            <artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>
            <version>7.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- mybatis核心包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>${mybatis.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- mysql数据库 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.34</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.zaxxer</groupId>
            <artifactId>HikariCP</artifactId>
            <version>2.7.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 日志相关 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
            <version>${log4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>jstl</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 映入json -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-core</artifactId>
            <version>2.8.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
            <version>2.8.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-annotations</artifactId>
            <version>2.8.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 上传组建 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
            <version>2.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-codec</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId>
            <version>1.10</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- redis -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>redis.clients</groupId>
            <artifactId>jedis</artifactId>
            <version>2.9.0</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <build>
        <finalName>cn.scene</finalName>
    </build>
</project>

applicationContext.xml,整合Spring,Mybatis和Redis

主要实现自动扫描,自动注入和配置数据库,数据库连接池选用Hikari,理解时可参考代码中的注释。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.0.xsd">

    <description>Spring公共配置</description>

    <!-- 注解扫描所有的包 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="cn.scene" />

    <!-- 引入配置文件 -->
    <bean id="propertyConfigurer" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
        <property name="locations">
            <list>
                <value>classpath:jdbc.properties</value>
                <value>classpath:redis.properties</value>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!-- HiKariCP的数据源配置 -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.zaxxer.hikari.HikariDataSource"  destroy-method="close">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${driver}" />
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${url}" />
        <property name="username" value="${username}" />
        <property name="password" value="${password}" />
        <!-- 连接只读数据库时配置为true, 保证安全 -->
        <property name="readOnly" value="${readOnly}" />
        <!-- 等待连接池分配连接的最大时长(毫秒),超过这个时长还没可用的连接则发生SQLException, 缺省:30秒 -->
        <property name="connectionTimeout" value="${connectionTimeout}" />
        <!-- 一个连接状态的最大时长(毫秒),超时则被释放(retired),缺省:10分钟 -->
        <property name="idleTimeout" value="${idleTimeout}" />
        <!-- 一个连接的生命时长(毫秒),超时而且没被使用则被释放(retired),建议设置比数据库超时时长少30秒,
        参考MySQL中wait_timeout参数(show variables like '%timeout%',单位为s) -->
        <property name="maxLifetime" value="${maxLifetime}" />
        <!-- 连接池中允许的最大连接数。推荐的公式:((core_count * 2) + effective_spindle_count) ==> 计算机的核数*2+硬盘数-->
        <property name="maximumPoolSize" value="${maximumPoolSize}" />
    </bean>

    <!-- MyBatis配置 -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath*:/mybatis-mapper/*Mapper.xml" />
        <!-- PageHelper分页插件配置 -->
        <property name="plugins">
            <array>
                <bean class="com.github.pagehelper.PageHelper">
                    <property name="properties">
                        <value>
                            dialect = mysql
                            reasonable = true
                        </value>
                    </property>
                </bean>
            </array>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <bean id="sqlSessionTemplate" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate">
        <constructor-arg index="0" ref="sqlSessionFactory" />
    </bean>

    <!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 -->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="cn.scene.dao" />
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"></property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 使用annotation定义事务 -->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property>
    </bean>
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager" proxy-target-class="true"/>

    <!-- redis连接池配置-->
    <bean id="jedisPoolConfig" class="redis.clients.jedis.JedisPoolConfig">
        <!-- 最大连接数 -->
        <property name="maxTotal" value="30" />
        <!-- 最大空闲连接数 -->
        <property name="maxIdle" value="10" />
        <!-- 每次释放连接的最大数目 -->
        <property name="numTestsPerEvictionRun" value="1024"/>
        <!-- 释放链接的扫描间隔(毫秒) -->
        <property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="30000" />
        <!-- 连接最小空闲时间 -->
        <property name="minEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="1800000" />
        <!-- 连接空闲多久后释放,当空闲时间>该值且空闲连接>最大空闲链接数时直接释放 -->
        <property name="softMinEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="10000" />
        <!-- 获取连接时的最大等待毫秒数,小于零:阻塞不确定的时间,默认-1 -->
        <property name="maxWaitMillis" value="1500" />
        <!-- 在获取连接的时候检查有消息,默认false -->
        <property name="testOnBorrow" value="true" />
        <!-- 在空闲时检查有消息,默认false -->
        <property name="testWhileIdle" value="true" />
        <!-- 连接耗尽时是否阻塞,false报异常,true阻塞知道超时,默认true -->
        <property name="blockWhenExhausted" value="false" />
    </bean>
    <!-- redis单机 通过连接 -->
    <bean id="jedisPool" class="redis.clients.jedis.JedisPool" destroy-method="close">
        <constructor-arg name="poolConfig" ref="jedisPoolConfig" />
        <constructor-arg name="host" value="127.0.0.1" />
        <constructor-arg name="port" value="6379" />
        <constructor-arg name="timeout" value="3000" />
        <constructor-arg name="password" value="hsf123456" />
    </bean>
</beans>

jdbc.properties

driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/dbName?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8
username=root
password=123456
readOnly=false
connectionTimeout=30000
idleTimeout=6000000
maxLifetime=2850000
maximumPoolSize=15

log4j.properties

为了方便调试,一般都会使用日志来输出信息,Log4j是Apache的一个开放源代码项目,Log4j的配置很简单,而且也是通用的,通过使用Log4j,我们可以控制日志信息输送的目的地是控制台、文件、GUI组件,甚至是套接口服务器、NT的事件记录器、UNIX Syslog守护进程等;

#定义LOG输出级别  
log4j.rootLogger=INFO,Console,File  
#定义日志输出目的地为控制台  
log4j.appender.Console=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender  
log4j.appender.Console.Target=System.out  
#可以灵活地指定日志输出格式,下面一行是指定具体的格式  
log4j.appender.Console.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout  
log4j.appender.Console.layout.ConversionPattern=[%c] - %m%n  
#文件大小到达指定尺寸的时候产生一个新的文件  
log4j.appender.File = org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender  
#指定输出目录  
log4j.appender.File.File = logs/ssm.log  
#定义文件最大大小  
log4j.appender.File.MaxFileSize = 10MB  
# 输出所以日志,如果换成DEBUG表示输出DEBUG以上级别日志  
log4j.appender.File.Threshold = ALL  
log4j.appender.File.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout  
log4j.appender.File.layout.ConversionPattern =[%p] [%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH\:mm\:ss}][%c]%m%n  

redis.properties

该文件主要存放redis数据库中的key值,可以通过@Value()注入key值。

#缓存官网首页内容的key
HOME_INDEX=HOME_INDEX

到这里,便实现了Spring和Mybatis的整合。spring-mvc.xml是整合Spring-mvc的配置文件。主要是自动扫描控制器,视图模式和注解的启动,这里要注意的一点是Controller基础包要改成项目对应目录下的报名,jsp的目录也可自行修改到自己想要的目录。这里我把jsp页面放在了webapp根目录下。具体代码如下:

spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd
            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd">

    <!-- 自动扫描该包,使SpringMVC认为包下用了@controller注解的类是控制器 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="cn.scene.controller" />
    <!--避免IE执行AJAX时,返回JSON出现下载文件 -->
    <bean id="jsonHttpMessageConverter"
          class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter">
        <property name="supportedMediaTypes">
            <list>
                <value>text/html;charset=UTF-8</value>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>
    <!-- 启动SpringMVC的注解功能,完成请求和注解POJO的映射 -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter">
        <property name="messageConverters">
            <list>
                <ref bean="jsonHttpMessageConverter" /> <!-- JSON转换器 -->
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>
    <!-- 定义跳转的文件的前后缀 ,视图模式配置-->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <!-- 这里的配置我的理解是自动给后面action的方法return的字符串加上前缀和后缀,变成一个 可用的url地址 -->
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/" />
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置文件上传 -->
    <bean id="multipartResolver"
          class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
        <!-- 默认编码 -->
        <property name="defaultEncoding" value="utf-8" />
        <!-- 文件大小最大值8M -->
        <property name="maxUploadSize" value="8388608" />
        <!-- 内存中缓存的最大值20M -->
        <property name="maxInMemorySize" value="8388608" />
    </bean>
</beans>

接着配置web.xml文件,主要实现对spring-mybatis.xml和spring-mvc的引入,以及添加编码过滤器实现SSM的整合。具体代码如下:

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
         id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
    <display-name>Scene Application</display-name>

    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>mvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>mvc</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>*.html</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
    <!-- 编码过滤器 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
        <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

至此,便是完成了SSM的整合,具体代码已托管github:SSM框架整合

 

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