Ubuntu Swift 5.1 使用ZeroMQ 教程

摸索了一天,网上和官网的版本均是基于Swift3的,很多模块都没有更新,导致无法使用。这里提供一个5.1的教程。

添加dependencies

dependencies: [
        .package(url: "https://github.com/Linzecong/LP_ZMQ.git", .branch("master"))
    ],

更新了一下代码Swift3.0的代码,使得兼容Swift5.1

求个赞 https://github.com/Linzecong/LP_ZMQ

安装步骤

Installation

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential pkg-config
cd /tmp/
sudo curl -L -O https://github.com/zeromq/zeromq4-1/releases/download/v4.1.4/zeromq-4.1.4.tar.gz
sudo tar xf /tmp/zeromq-4.1.4.tar.gz
cd /tmp/zeromq-4.1.4
sudo ./configure --without-libsodium
sudo make
sudo make install

Package.swift添加依赖

dependencies: [
        ...
        .package(url: "https://github.com/Linzecong/LP_ZMQ.git", .branch("master"))
],

使用教程

关于ZMQ的概念,推荐一个教程!https://legacy.gitbook.com/book/wizardforcel/zmq-guide/details

REQ — REP 模式

这个模式就是一问一答模式,每个请求必须要收到一个回复,才能继续进行下一个请求

客户端

import LP_ZMQ
let context = try Context()
let clientsock = try context.socket(.req)
try clientsock.connect("tcp://127.0.0.1:5558")
try clientsock.send("hello")
var data = try clientsock.receive()
print(data)
try clientsock.send("hello")
data = try clientsock.receive()
print(data)

服务端

import LP_ZMQ

let context = try Context()
let serversock = try context.socket(.rep)
try serversock.bind("tcp://*:5558")
while true{
    let data = try serversock.receive()
    print(data)
    try serversock.send("world")
} 

PUSH — PULL 模式

这个模式不需要一问一答,就是字面意思,消息会存在队列里,直到被pull为止

客户端

import LP_ZMQ
let context = try Context()
let clientsock = try context.socket(.push)
try clientsock.connect("tcp://127.0.0.1:5558")
try clientsock.send("hello")
try clientsock.send("hello")
try clientsock.send("hello")

服务端

import LP_ZMQ

let context = try Context()
let serversock = try context.socket(.pull)
try serversock.bind("tcp://*:5558")
while true{
    let data = try serversock.receive()
    print(data)
} 

PUB — SUB 模式

发布者和订阅者模式!可以有一个发布者,多个订阅者~,不同于push pull,消息发送不会堆积。

客户端

import LP_ZMQ
let context = try Context()
let clientsock = try context.socket(.sub)
try clientsock.connect("tcp://127.0.0.1:5558")
try clientsock.setSubscribe(Data("A".utf8)) // 设置消息过滤,仅接受A开头的数据
while true{
    let data = try clientsock.receive()
    print(data)
}

服务端

import LP_ZMQ
import Foundation
let context = try Context()
let serversock = try context.socket(.pub)
try serversock.bind("tcp://*:5558")
while true{
    Thread.sleep(forTimeInterval: 1)
    //try serversock.send("A",mode:[SendMode.SendMore])
    try serversock.send(String("A123"))
} 

ROUTER — DEALER模式

路由模式,通过设置Identity来决定发往哪个处理者,可以实现均衡负载。

客户端A

import LP_ZMQ
let context = try Context()
let clientsock = try context.socket(.dealer)
try clientsock.setIdentity("A") //仅接受A路由的消息
try clientsock.connect("tcp://127.0.0.1:5558")
while true{
    let data = try clientsock.receive()
    print("A", data)
}

客户端B

import LP_ZMQ
let context = try Context()
let clientsock = try context.socket(.dealer)
try clientsock.setIdentity("B") //仅接受B路由的消息
try clientsock.connect("tcp://127.0.0.1:5558")
while true{
    let data = try clientsock.receive()
    print("B", data)
}

服务端

import LP_ZMQ
import Foundation
let context = try Context()
let serversock = try context.socket(.router)
try serversock.bind("tcp://*:5558")
while true{
    Thread.sleep(forTimeInterval: 1)
    try serversock.send("A",mode:[SendMode.SendMore]) //发往A路由的消息
    try serversock.send(String("to A"))

    try serversock.send("B",mode:[SendMode.SendMore]) //发往B路由的消息
    try serversock.send(String("to B"))
} 
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