# 【Matplotlib】详解图像各个部分

Figures

Subplots

plt.subplot(221) # 第一行的左图
plt.subplot(222) # 第一行的右图
plt.subplot(212) # 第二整行
plt.show()

Tick Locators

Tick Locators 控制着 ticks 的位置。比如下面：

ax = plt.gca()
ax.xaxis.set_major_locator(eval(locator))

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

def tickline():
plt.xlim(0, 10), plt.ylim(-1, 1), plt.yticks([])
ax = plt.gca()
ax.spines['right'].set_color('none')
ax.spines['left'].set_color('none')
ax.spines['top'].set_color('none')
ax.xaxis.set_ticks_position('bottom')
ax.spines['bottom'].set_position(('data',0))
ax.yaxis.set_ticks_position('none')
ax.xaxis.set_minor_locator(plt.MultipleLocator(0.1))
ax.plot(np.arange(11), np.zeros(11))
return ax

locators = [
'plt.NullLocator()',
'plt.MultipleLocator(1.0)',
'plt.FixedLocator([0, 2, 8, 9, 10])',
'plt.IndexLocator(3, 1)',
'plt.LinearLocator(5)',
'plt.LogLocator(2, [1.0])',
'plt.AutoLocator()',
]

n_locators = len(locators)

size = 512, 40 * n_locators
dpi = 72.0
figsize = size[0] / float(dpi), size[1] / float(dpi)
fig = plt.figure(figsize=figsize, dpi=dpi)
fig.patch.set_alpha(0)

for i, locator in enumerate(locators):
plt.subplot(n_locators, 1, i + 1)
ax = tickline()
ax.xaxis.set_major_locator(eval(locator))
plt.text(5, 0.3, locator[3:], ha='center')

plt.show()