Angular5使用kendo下载base64文件

前言

最近工作需要,从本地上传文件到服务器,同时提供下载功能到本地,,这里贴下代码,,不多说。

webapi

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Http;
using dataGridAndWebApi.Models;
using System.IO;

namespace dataGridAndWebApi.Controllers
{
    public class uploadController : ApiController
    {
    DataClasses1DataContext gdc = new DataClasses1DataContext();
    //保存文件至 数据库
    [HttpPost]
    public IHttpActionResult saveUrl()
    {
      try
      {
        HttpFileCollection files = HttpContext.Current.Request.Files;

        foreach (string key in files.AllKeys)
        {
          HttpPostedFile file = files[key];//file.ContentLength文件长度  
          var ee = file.InputStream;
          byte[] byts = new byte[ee.Length];
          ee.Read(byts, 0, byts.Length);
          string reqs = Encoding.Default.GetString(byts);
          var esw = Convert.ToBase64String(byts);
          var fileType = file.ContentType;
          if (fileType.Substring(0, fileType.IndexOf("/")).Equals("iamges"))
          {
            var dataHeader = "data:" + file.ContentType + ";base64,";
            esw += dataHeader;
          }
          FileUpAndDownTest ft = new FileUpAndDownTest();
          ft.FileData = esw;
          ft.FileName = file.FileName;
          ft.FileType = fileType;
          gdc.FileUpAndDownTest.InsertOnSubmit(ft);
          gdc.SubmitChanges();

        }
        return Ok("success2");
      }
      catch (Exception)
      {

        return BadRequest();
      }

    }
    //获得数据库的文件信息
    [HttpGet]
    public IHttpActionResult getAllCitys()
    {
      var getall = (from n in gdc.FileUpAndDownTest
                    select new {n.id, n.FileName, n.FileType}
                    ).ToList();
      return Json(getall);
    }
    //下载
    [System.Web.Http.Route("api/downloadFile/{id}")]
    [HttpGet]
    public void downloadFile(int id)
    {
      var thisFile = (from a in gdc.FileUpAndDownTest
                      where a.id == id
                      select a
                    ).First();
      if (thisFile != null)
      {
        byte[] buffer = Convert.FromBase64String(thisFile.FileData);
        Stream iStream = new System.IO.MemoryStream(buffer);
        try
        {
          int length;
          long dataToRead;
          string filename = thisFile.FileName;
          dataToRead = iStream.Length;
          HttpContext.Current.Response.Clear();
          HttpContext.Current.Response.ClearHeaders();
          HttpContext.Current.Response.ClearContent();
          HttpContext.Current.Response.ContentType = thisFile.FileType; //文件类型 
          HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("Content-Length", dataToRead.ToString());//添加文件长度,进而显示进度 
          //HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment; filename=" + HttpUtility.UrlEncode(filename, Encoding.UTF8));
          HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment; filename=" + filename);
          while (dataToRead > 0)
          {
            if (HttpContext.Current.Response.IsClientConnected)
            {
              if ((dataToRead / 1000) < 1)
              {
                length = iStream.Read(buffer, 0, (int)dataToRead);
              }
              else
              {
                length = iStream.Read(buffer, 0, 1000);

              }
              HttpContext.Current.Response.OutputStream.Write(buffer, 0, length);
              HttpContext.Current.Response.Flush();
              buffer = new Byte[1000];
              dataToRead = dataToRead - length;
            }
            else
            {
              dataToRead = -1;
            }
          }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
          HttpContext.Current.Response.Write("文件下载时出现错误!");
        }
        finally
        {
          if (iStream != null)
          {
            iStream.Close();
          }
          //结束响应,否则将导致网页内容被输出到文件,进而文件无法打开  
          HttpContext.Current.Response.Flush();
          HttpContext.Current.Response.End();

        }
      }
    }
  }
}

AJ5

testupload.component.ts

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FileInfo, FileRestrictions, RemoveEvent, SelectEvent, ClearEvent } from '@progress/kendo-angular-upload';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';
import {Http} from '@angular/http';
import { SelectableSettings } from '@progress/kendo-angular-grid';
import * as $ from 'jquery';
@Component({
  selector: 'app-testupload',
  templateUrl: './testupload.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./testupload.component.scss']
})
export class TestuploadComponent {
  public events: string[] = [];
  public imagePreviews: FileInfo[] = [];
  public uploadRemoveUrl: string = 'removeUrl';
  // public uploadRestrictions: FileRestrictions = {
  //   allowedExtensions: ['.jpg', '.png']
  // };
  public uploadSaveUrl: string = '/api/upload';

  private griddata: Array<any>;

  private mySelection: number[] = [];

  private selectgridcell: any;

  private selectableSettings: SelectableSettings= {
    mode: 'single'
  };

  private thisUrl = 'http://localhost:4200/api/downloadFile/';

  constructor(private  http: Http) {
 this.getgriddata();
  }
  public getgriddata(){
    this.http.get('/api/upload')
    .map((res) => res.json())
    .subscribe(data => this.griddata = data);
  }
  public clearEventHandler(e: ClearEvent): void {
    this.log('Clearing the file upload');
    this.imagePreviews = [];
  }

  public completeEventHandler() {
    this.log(`All files processed`);
  }

  public removeEventHandler(e: RemoveEvent): void {
    this.log(`Removing ${e.files[0].name}`);

    let index = this.imagePreviews.findIndex(item => item.uid === e.files[0].uid);

    if (index >= 0) {
      this.imagePreviews.splice(index, 1);
    }
  }

  public selectEventHandler(e: SelectEvent): void {
    const that = this;
    e.files.forEach((file) => {
      that.log(`File selected: ${file.name}`);

      if (!file.validationErrors) {
        let reader = new FileReader();

        reader.onload = function (ev) {
          const image = {
            name: reader.result,
            uid: file.uid
          };

          that.imagePreviews.unshift(image);
        };

        reader.readAsDataURL(file.rawFile);
      }
    });
  }

  private log(event: string): void {
    this.events.unshift(`${event}`);
  }

    // 选择时调用方法
    onSelectedKeysChange(e) {
      this.selectgridcell = this.griddata[this.mySelection[0]];
    }

    // getfile() {
    //     //    let a = document.createElement('a');
    //     //    const url = this.selectgridcell.FileData;
    //     //    const filename = this.selectgridcell.FileName;
    //     //   //  data:image/jpg;base64,
    //     //  a.href = 'data:' + this.selectgridcell.FileType + ';base64,' + url;
    //     //  a.download = filename;
    //     //  $('body').append(a);    // 修复firefox中无法触发click
    //     //  a.click();
    //     //  $(a).remove();
    //     this.http.put('/api/upload', this.selectgridcell.id)
    //     .subscribe();
    //         }
}

testupload.component.html


  <kendo-grid
  [kendoGridBinding]="griddata" 
  [selectable]="selectableSettings"
  [pageSize]="5" 
  [selectedKeys]="mySelection"
  [kendoGridSelectBy]="id"
  (selectedKeysChange)="onSelectedKeysChange($event)"
  [pageable]="true" >
    <kendo-grid-column field="id" title="ID" >
    </kendo-grid-column>
    <kendo-grid-column field="FileName" title="Name" >
    </kendo-grid-column>
    <kendo-grid-column field="FileType" title="Category">
    </kendo-grid-column>
    <kendo-grid-column  title="Download" width="250">
      <ng-template kendoGridCellTemplate let-dataItem>
          <a [href]="thisUrl+dataItem.id"></a>
      </ng-template>
  </kendo-grid-column>
</kendo-grid>


<kendo-upload
[autoUpload]="false"
[saveUrl]="uploadSaveUrl"
[removeUrl]="uploadRemoveUrl"
(select)="selectEventHandler($event)"
(remove)="removeEventHandler($event)"
(complete)="completeEventHandler($event)"
[showFileList]="true"
[multiple]="false">
<kendo-upload-messages
select="Upload"
>
</kendo-upload-messages>
</kendo-upload>


<div *ngIf="imagePreviews.length" class="img-preview example-config">
<h3>Preview selected images</h3>
<img *ngFor="let image of imagePreviews" 
  [src]="image.name" 
  alt="image preview" 
  style="width: 200px; margin: 10px;" />
</div>
<span>{{image.name}}</span>

最后

里面主要使用的是kendo grid ,upload. download使用的是C#提供的下载方法,非前台下载

阅读更多
文章标签: angular base64
个人分类: 练习
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

关闭
关闭
关闭