Python+OpenCv制作证件图片生成器

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/m0_38106923/article/details/85110035

本项目使用Python和OpenCv实现身份证图片生成工具,填入信息,选择一张头像图片(即可生成黑白和彩色身份证图片)。可以选择是否自动抠图,自动抠图目前仅支持蓝色背景,对自动抠图效果不满意可以手动抠图。

在线抠图地址:

https://burner.bonanza.com/

https://www.gaoding.com/koutu

参照标准:

正面

  “姓名”、“性别”、“民族”、“出生年月日”、“住址”、“公民身份号码”为6号黑体字,用蓝色油墨印刷;登记项目中的姓名项用5号黑体字印刷;其他项目则用小5号黑体字印刷;出生年月日 方正黑体简体字符大小:姓名+号码(11点)其他(9点)字符间距(AV):号码(50)字符行距:住址(12点);身份证号码字体 OCR-B 10 BT 文字 华文细黑。

背面

  左上角为国徽,用红色油墨印刷;其右侧为证件名称“中华人民共和国居民身份证”,分上下两排排列,其中上排的“中华人民共和国”为4号宋体字,下排的“居民身份证”为2号宋体字;“签发机关”、“有效期限”为6号加粗黑体字;签发机关登记项采用,“xx市公安局”;有效期限采用“xxxx.xx-xxxx.xx.xx”格式,使用5号黑体字印刷,全部用黑色油墨印刷。

这里我用周杰伦的图像制作简单的身份证图片,效果图如下:

 

 

实现Demo如下:

# coding:utf-8
import os
import PIL.Image as PImage
from PIL import ImageFont, ImageDraw
import cv2
import numpy as np
try:
    from Tkinter import *
    from ttk import *
    from tkFileDialog import *
    from tkMessageBox import *
except ImportError:
    from tkinter import *
    from tkinter.ttk import *
    from tkinter.filedialog import *
    from tkinter.messagebox import *


if getattr(sys, 'frozen', None):
    base_dir = os.path.join(sys._MEIPASS, 'usedres')
else:
    base_dir = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), 'usedres')


def changeBackground(img, img_back, zoom_size, center):
    # 缩放
    img = cv2.resize(img, zoom_size)
    rows, cols, channels = img.shape

    # 转换hsv
    hsv = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2HSV)
    # 获取mask
    lower_blue = np.array([78, 43, 46])
    upper_blue = np.array([110, 255, 255])
    mask = cv2.inRange(hsv, lower_blue, upper_blue)
    # cv2.imshow('Mask', mask)

    # 腐蚀膨胀
    erode = cv2.erode(mask, None, iterations=1)
    dilate = cv2.dilate(erode, None, iterations=1)

    # 粘贴
    for i in range(rows):
        for j in range(cols):
            if dilate[i, j] == 0:  # 0代表黑色的点
                img_back[center[0] + i, center[1] + j] = img[i, j]  # 此处替换颜色,为BGR通道

    return img_back

def paste(avatar, bg, zoom_size, center):
    avatar = cv2.resize(avatar, zoom_size)
    rows, cols, channels = avatar.shape
    for i in range(rows):
        for j in range(cols):
            bg[center[0] + i, center[1] + j] = avatar[i, j]
    return bg

def generator():
    global ename, esex, enation, eyear, emon, eday, eaddr, eidn, eorg, elife, ebgvar
    name = ename.get()
    sex = esex.get()
    nation = enation.get()
    year = eyear.get()
    mon = emon.get()
    day = eday.get()
    org = eorg.get()
    life = elife.get()
    addr = eaddr.get()
    idn = eidn.get()

    fname = askopenfilename(parent=root, initialdir=os.getcwd(), title=u'选择头像')
    # print fname
    im = PImage.open(os.path.join(base_dir, 'empty.png'))
    avatar = PImage.open(fname)  # 500x670

    name_font = ImageFont.truetype(os.path.join(base_dir, 'hei.ttf'), 72)
    other_font = ImageFont.truetype(os.path.join(base_dir, 'hei.ttf'), 60)
    bdate_font = ImageFont.truetype(os.path.join(base_dir, 'fzhei.ttf'), 60)
    id_font = ImageFont.truetype(os.path.join(base_dir, 'ocrb10bt.ttf'), 72)

    draw = ImageDraw.Draw(im)
    draw.text((630, 690), name, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=name_font)
    draw.text((630, 840), sex, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
    draw.text((1030, 840), nation, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
    draw.text((630, 980), year, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=bdate_font)
    draw.text((950, 980), mon, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=bdate_font)
    draw.text((1150, 980), day, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=bdate_font)
    start = 0
    loc = 1120
    while start + 11 < len(addr):
        draw.text((630, loc), addr[start:start + 11], fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
        start += 11
        loc += 100
    draw.text((630, loc), addr[start:], fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
    draw.text((950, 1475), idn, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=id_font)
    draw.text((1050, 2750), org, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)
    draw.text((1050, 2895), life, fill=(0, 0, 0), font=other_font)

    avatar = cv2.cvtColor(np.asarray(avatar), cv2.COLOR_RGB2BGR)
    im = cv2.cvtColor(np.asarray(im), cv2.COLOR_RGB2BGR)
    if ebgvar.get():
        im = changeBackground(avatar, im, (500, 670), (690, 1500))
    else:
        #im.paste(avatar, (1500, 690), mask=avatar)
        im = paste(avatar, im, (500, 670), (690, 1500))
    im = PImage.fromarray(cv2.cvtColor(im, cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB))

    im.save('color.png')
    im.convert('L').save('bw.png')

    showinfo(u'成功', u'文件已生成到目录下,黑白bw.png和彩色color.png')


if __name__ == '__main__':
    global ename, esex, enation, eyear, emon, eday, eaddr, eidn, eorg, elife, ebgvar
    root = Tk()
    root.title(u'AIRobot身份证图片生成器')
    # root.geometry('640x480')
    root.resizable(width=False, height=False)
    Label(root, text=u'姓名:').grid(row=0, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    ename = Entry(root, width=8)
    ename.grid(row=0, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    Label(root, text=u'性别:').grid(row=0, column=2, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    esex = Entry(root, width=8)
    esex.grid(row=0, column=3, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    Label(root, text=u'民族:').grid(row=0, column=4, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    enation = Entry(root, width=8)
    enation.grid(row=0, column=5, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    Label(root, text=u'出生年:').grid(row=1, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    eyear = Entry(root, width=8)
    eyear.grid(row=1, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    Label(root, text=u'月:').grid(row=1, column=2, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    emon = Entry(root, width=8)
    emon.grid(row=1, column=3, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    Label(root, text=u'日:').grid(row=1, column=4, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    eday = Entry(root, width=8)
    eday.grid(row=1, column=5, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    Label(root, text=u'住址:').grid(row=2, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    eaddr = Entry(root, width=32)
    eaddr.grid(row=2, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
    Label(root, text=u'证件号码:').grid(row=3, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    eidn = Entry(root, width=32)
    eidn.grid(row=3, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
    Label(root, text=u'签发机关:').grid(row=4, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    eorg = Entry(root, width=32)
    eorg.grid(row=4, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
    Label(root, text=u'有效期限:').grid(row=5, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    elife = Entry(root, width=32)
    elife.grid(row=5, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
    Label(root, text=u'选项:').grid(row=6, column=0, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3)
    ebgvar = IntVar()
    ebg = Checkbutton(root, text=u'自动抠图', variable=ebgvar)
    ebg.grid(row=6, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=5)
    Button(root, text=u'生成', width=32, command=generator).grid(row=7, column=1, sticky=W, padx=3, pady=3, columnspan=4)

    # root.iconbitmap(os.path.join(base_dir, 'ico.ico'))
    root.mainloop()

 之前上传代码使用项目命名:“Python+OpenCv制作身份证图片生成器代码”,额、但是官方宣布违规禁止上传,所示将项目名称修改的不是那么明显,感兴趣的小伙伴可以下载运行:https://download.csdn.net/download/m0_38106923/11033615

当然为了方便操作,也可以使用pyinstaller模块自己打包成应用程序,首先需要使用命令安装pyinstaller模块:

pip install pyinstaller

Mac打包(打包成Mac app尚有问题未解决)

pyinstaller -i usedres/ico.icns --windowed --clean --noconfirm --onefile --add-data ./usedres:./usedres idcardgenerator.py

Windows打包

pyinstaller -i usedres/ico.ico --windowed --clean --noconfirm --onefile --add-data usedres;usedres idcardgenerator.py

 

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