PAT_A1065 A+B and C (64bit)

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PAT学习笔记之A1065 A+B and C (64bit) (20 分)

Given three integers A, B and C in [−263,263], you are supposed to tell whether A+B>C.

Input Specification:

The first line of the input gives the positive number of test cases, T (≤10). Then T test cases follow, each consists of a single line containing three integers A, B and C, separated by single spaces.

Output Specification:

For each test case, output in one line Case #X: true. if A+B>C, or Case #X: false otherwise, where X is the case number (starting from 1).

Sample Input:

3
1 2 3
2 3 4
9223372036854775807 -9223372036854775808 0

Sample Output:

Case #1: false
Case #2: true
Case #3: false

Thanks to Jiwen Lin for amending the test data.

思路:

此题就是输出是否a+b>c的问题套了个long long int的范围,除此之外,还要考虑a+b的和sum是否溢出的情况,否则直接拿a+b与c比较的话答案会出错。

在计组中指出,如果两正数之和等于负数或是两负数之和等于正数,就是溢出。对于溢出后的具体范围分析如下:

1-1

1-2

2

3

完整代码:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main() {
    long long a,b,c,sum;
    int i,x;
    if(scanf("%d",&x)){};
    for(i=1;i<=x;i++){
        if(scanf("%lld%lld%lld",&a,&b,&c)){};
        sum=a+b;
        if(a>0&&b>0&&sum<0){
            printf("Case #%d: true\n",i);
        }
        else if(a<0&&b<0&&sum>=0){
            printf("Case #%d: false\n",i);
        }
        else if(sum>c){
            printf("Case #%d: true\n",i);
        }
        else{
            printf("Case #%d: false\n",i);
        }
    }
    return 0;
}
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