POJ - 3259----Wormholes(Bellman-Ford)

While exploring his many farms, Farmer John has discovered a number of amazing wormholes. A wormhole is very peculiar because it is a one-way path that delivers you to its destination at a time that is BEFORE you entered the wormhole! Each of FJ’s farms comprises N (1 ≤ N ≤ 500) fields conveniently numbered 1..N, M (1 ≤ M ≤ 2500) paths, and W (1 ≤ W ≤ 200) wormholes.

As FJ is an avid time-traveling fan, he wants to do the following: start at some field, travel through some paths and wormholes, and return to the starting field a time before his initial departure. Perhaps he will be able to meet himself :) .

To help FJ find out whether this is possible or not, he will supply you with complete maps to F (1 ≤ F ≤ 5) of his farms. No paths will take longer than 10,000 seconds to travel and no wormhole can bring FJ back in time by more than 10,000 seconds.

Input
Line 1: A single integer, F. F farm descriptions follow.
Line 1 of each farm: Three space-separated integers respectively: N, M, and W
Lines 2.. M+1 of each farm: Three space-separated numbers ( S, E, T) that describe, respectively: a bidirectional path between S and E that requires T seconds to traverse. Two fields might be connected by more than one path.
Lines M+2.. M+ W+1 of each farm: Three space-separated numbers ( S, E, T) that describe, respectively: A one way path from S to E that also moves the traveler back T seconds.
Output
Lines 1.. F: For each farm, output “YES” if FJ can achieve his goal, otherwise output “NO” (do not include the quotes).

Sample Input
2
3 3 1
1 2 2
1 3 4
2 3 1
3 1 3
3 2 1
1 2 3
2 3 4
3 1 8
Sample Output
NO
YES
Hint
For farm 1, FJ cannot travel back in time. 
For farm 2, FJ could travel back in time by the cycle 1->2->3->1, arriving back at his starting location 1 second before he leaves. He could start from anywhere on the cycle to accomplish this.、

题目大意:有一个穿越时光的农夫,他有N个农场,每个农场有M条双向路,有W个单向虫洞,每条路有三个属性(s,e,t)分别代表的是从s到达e花费t时间,每个虫洞也有三个属性(s,e,t)分别代表的是s到达e花费-t时间,这个农夫想要满足自己的穿越时光的梦想,他想在他的农场里游荡一圈以后回到原点并且看到原来的自己,如果能满足他的梦想就输出“YES”,否者“NO”。
思路:Bellman-Ford算法(判断负权回路)

#include<algorithm>
#include<iostream>
#include<stdlib.h>
#include<cstring>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cmath>
#include<queue>
using namespace std;
const int MAX = 6000
const int INF = 0x3f3f3f3f;

//边集 
struct edge{
    int start,end,weigth;
}E[MAX];

int dis[MAX];   //出发点到其余点的最短距离 
int edge,dot;   //边集数,点集数 

//单源最短路BF算法(判断负权回路) 
bool BF(int start){

    for(int i=1 ; i<=dot ; i++){
        dis[i] = (i==start)?0:INF;
    }

    //在对每条边进行1遍松弛的时候,生成了从s出发,层次至多为1的那些树枝。
    //也就是说,找到了与s至多有1条边相联的那些顶点的最短路径;
    //对每条边进行第2遍松弛的时候,生成了第2层次的树枝,
    //就是说找到了经过2条边相连的那些顶点的最短路径……。
    //因为最短路径最多只包含|v|-1 条边,所以,只需要循环|v|-1 次。

    //循环次数为  起点到终点所经过的边数  最多为点数减一条边  
    for(int i=1 ; i<=dot-1 ; i++){
        //枚举所有边集 
        bool flag = true;
        for(int j=1 ; j<=edge ; j++){
            //这条边可以缩短路的长度,更新 
            if(dis[E[j].start]+E[j].weigth<dis[E[j].end]){
                dis[E[j].end] = dis[E[j].start]+E[j].weigth;
                flag = false;
            }
        }
        //没有更新长度,说明已更新完 
        if(flag){
            break;
        }
    }
    //判断负权回路 
    //再次加入一遍边集,若还能更新 说明存在负权回路 
    for(int j=1 ; j<=edge ; j++){
        if(dis[E[j].start]+E[j].weigth<dis[E[j].end]){
            return true;
        }
    }
    return false;
}
int main(void){
    int T;
    cin>>T;
    while(T--){
        //无向边,有向边 
        int num1,num2;
        cin>>dot>>num1>>num2;

        //输入权值(路径长度)
        edge = 1; 
        for(int i=1 ; i<=num1 ; i++){  
            int x,y,w;
            cin>>x>>y>>w;
            E[edge].start = x;
            E[edge].end = y;
            E[edge++].weigth = w;
            E[edge].start = y;
            E[edge].end = x;
            E[edge++].weigth = w;
        }
        for(int i=1 ; i<=num2 ; i++){  
            int x,y,w;
            cin>>x>>y>>w;
            E[edge].start = x;
            E[edge].end = y;
            E[edge++].weigth = -w;
        }
        edge--;

        if(BF(1)){
            cout<<"YES"<<endl;
        }else{
            cout<<"NO"<<endl;
        }
    } 

    return 0;
}
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