Zend Framework教程-Zend_Db-数据库概述

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/mengxiangbaidu/article/details/7691011

 在Zend Framework中,对数据库的封装,主要采用了工厂模式和适配器模式。具体模式的说明,可以参考设计模式相关的文章。


主要有如下几个功能:


一、Zend_Db_Adapter 


Zend_Db_Adapter是Zend Framework的数据库抽象层API, 你可以使用 Zend_Db_Adapter 连接和处理多种数据库,包括:Microsoft SQL Server,MySql,DB2等等. 

Zend_Db_Adapter_Abstract是抽象基类,如果要扩展增加新的数据库操作,可以继承基类,实现相应的方法。

其中

Zend_Db_Adapter_Mysqli

Zend_Db_Adapter_Oracle

Zend_Db_Adapter_Sqlsrv

Zend_Db_Adapter_Db2

就是具体数据的实现。


二、Zend_Db_Statement 

除了可以使用Zend_Db_Adapter提供的fetchAll,insert等等方法,你可以直接使用Statement对象执行查询语句或者或者结果集。Zend_Db_Statement 实现是基于PDOStatement 的


三、Zend_Db_Profiler 

Zend_Db_Profiler 主要用于数据库调优


四、Zend_Db_Select 


Zend_Db_Select是一个sql语句的构造类。它封装了用户生成sql语句的常用方法。相当于是一个抽象的sql语句构造器,你不用考虑数据库sql语句之间的差异。


五、Zend_Db_Table 


Zend_Db_Table对数据表操作进行了封装。


六、Zend_Db_Table_Row 


中文说明是:

Zend_Db_Table_Row是Zend Framework的行数据网关.通常来说,你不可以自己实例化Zend_Db_Table_Row, 而是通过调用Zend_Db_Table::find()方法或者Zend_Db_Table::fetchRow()方法将Zend_Db_Table_Row作为 结果数据返回过来.一旦你得到来一个Zend_Db_Table_Row对象,你可以修改记录值(体现为类的属性)然后 调用save()方法可以将更改保存到原表上.  


简单的讲,

Zend_Db_Table_Row 保存的数据和数据表中保存的记录是一一对应的关系。


七、Zend_Db_Table_Rowset 

中文说明是:

Zend_Db_Table_Rowset是 Zend_Db_Table_Row对象集合的迭代器.通常来说,你不可以自己实例化Zend_Db_Table_Rowset, 而是通过调用Zend_Db_Table::find()方法或者fetchAll()方法将Zend_Db_Table_Rowset作为 结果数据返回过来.接下来就可以遍历Zend_Db_Table_Row对象集合并进行修改. 


八、Zend_Db_Table_Definition 


用于描述关系结构和配置Zend_Db_Table 实例的



以下是涉及到的文件目录结构和文件

│  Exception.php
│  Expr.php
│  Profiler.php
│  Select.php
│  Statement.php
│  Table.php
│
├─Adapter
│  │  Abstract.php
│  │  Db2.php
│  │  Exception.php
│  │  Mysqli.php
│  │  Oracle.php
│  │  Sqlsrv.php
│  │
│  ├─Db2
│  │      Exception.php
│  │
│  ├─Mysqli
│  │      Exception.php
│  │
│  ├─Oracle
│  │      Exception.php
│  │
│  ├─Pdo
│  │  │  Abstract.php
│  │  │  Ibm.php
│  │  │  Mssql.php
│  │  │  Mysql.php
│  │  │  Oci.php
│  │  │  Pgsql.php
│  │  │  Sqlite.php
│  │  │
│  │  └─Ibm
│  │          Db2.php
│  │          Ids.php
│  │
│  └─Sqlsrv
│          Exception.php
│
├─Profiler
│      Exception.php
│      Firebug.php
│      Query.php
│
├─Select
│      Exception.php
│
├─Statement
│  │  Db2.php
│  │  Exception.php
│  │  Interface.php
│  │  Mysqli.php
│  │  Oracle.php
│  │  Pdo.php
│  │  Sqlsrv.php
│  │
│  ├─Db2
│  │      Exception.php
│  │
│  ├─Mysqli
│  │      Exception.php
│  │
│  ├─Oracle
│  │      Exception.php
│  │
│  ├─Pdo
│  │      Ibm.php
│  │      Oci.php
│  │
│  └─Sqlsrv
│          Exception.php
│
└─Table
   │  Abstract.php
   │  Definition.php
   │  Exception.php
   │  Row.php
   │  Rowset.php
   │  Select.php
   │
   ├─Row
   │      Abstract.php
   │      Exception.php
   │
   ├─Rowset
   │      Abstract.php
   │      Exception.php
   │
   └─Select
           Exception.php

以及Zend根目录的Db.php文件:

<?php
/**
 * Class for connecting to SQL databases and performing common operations.
 *
 * @category   Zend
 * @package    Zend_Db
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2005-2011 Zend Technologies USA Inc. (http://www.zend.com)
 * @license    http://framework.zend.com/license/new-bsd     New BSD License
 */
class Zend_Db
{

    /**
     * Use the PROFILER constant in the config of a Zend_Db_Adapter.
     */
    const PROFILER = 'profiler';

    /**
     * Use the CASE_FOLDING constant in the config of a Zend_Db_Adapter.
     */
    const CASE_FOLDING = 'caseFolding';

    /**
     * Use the FETCH_MODE constant in the config of a Zend_Db_Adapter.
     */
    const FETCH_MODE = 'fetchMode';

    /**
     * Use the AUTO_QUOTE_IDENTIFIERS constant in the config of a Zend_Db_Adapter.
     */
    const AUTO_QUOTE_IDENTIFIERS = 'autoQuoteIdentifiers';

    /**
     * Use the ALLOW_SERIALIZATION constant in the config of a Zend_Db_Adapter.
     */
    const ALLOW_SERIALIZATION = 'allowSerialization';

    /**
     * Use the AUTO_RECONNECT_ON_UNSERIALIZE constant in the config of a Zend_Db_Adapter.
     */
    const AUTO_RECONNECT_ON_UNSERIALIZE = 'autoReconnectOnUnserialize';

    /**
     * Use the INT_TYPE, BIGINT_TYPE, and FLOAT_TYPE with the quote() method.
     */
    const INT_TYPE    = 0;
    const BIGINT_TYPE = 1;
    const FLOAT_TYPE  = 2;

    /**
     * PDO constant values discovered by this script result:
     *
     * $list = array(
     *    'PARAM_BOOL', 'PARAM_NULL', 'PARAM_INT', 'PARAM_STR', 'PARAM_LOB',
     *    'PARAM_STMT', 'PARAM_INPUT_OUTPUT', 'FETCH_LAZY', 'FETCH_ASSOC',
     *    'FETCH_NUM', 'FETCH_BOTH', 'FETCH_OBJ', 'FETCH_BOUND',
     *    'FETCH_COLUMN', 'FETCH_CLASS', 'FETCH_INTO', 'FETCH_FUNC',
     *    'FETCH_GROUP', 'FETCH_UNIQUE', 'FETCH_CLASSTYPE', 'FETCH_SERIALIZE',
     *    'FETCH_NAMED', 'ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT', 'ATTR_PREFETCH', 'ATTR_TIMEOUT',
     *    'ATTR_ERRMODE', 'ATTR_SERVER_VERSION', 'ATTR_CLIENT_VERSION',
     *    'ATTR_SERVER_INFO', 'ATTR_CONNECTION_STATUS', 'ATTR_CASE',
     *    'ATTR_CURSOR_NAME', 'ATTR_CURSOR', 'ATTR_ORACLE_NULLS',
     *    'ATTR_PERSISTENT', 'ATTR_STATEMENT_CLASS', 'ATTR_FETCH_TABLE_NAMES',
     *    'ATTR_FETCH_CATALOG_NAMES', 'ATTR_DRIVER_NAME',
     *    'ATTR_STRINGIFY_FETCHES', 'ATTR_MAX_COLUMN_LEN', 'ERRMODE_SILENT',
     *    'ERRMODE_WARNING', 'ERRMODE_EXCEPTION', 'CASE_NATURAL',
     *    'CASE_LOWER', 'CASE_UPPER', 'NULL_NATURAL', 'NULL_EMPTY_STRING',
     *    'NULL_TO_STRING', 'ERR_NONE', 'FETCH_ORI_NEXT',
     *    'FETCH_ORI_PRIOR', 'FETCH_ORI_FIRST', 'FETCH_ORI_LAST',
     *    'FETCH_ORI_ABS', 'FETCH_ORI_REL', 'CURSOR_FWDONLY', 'CURSOR_SCROLL',
     *    'ERR_CANT_MAP', 'ERR_SYNTAX', 'ERR_CONSTRAINT', 'ERR_NOT_FOUND',
     *    'ERR_ALREADY_EXISTS', 'ERR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED', 'ERR_MISMATCH',
     *    'ERR_TRUNCATED', 'ERR_DISCONNECTED', 'ERR_NO_PERM',
     * );
     *
     * $const = array();
     * foreach ($list as $name) {
     *    $const[$name] = constant("PDO::$name");
     * }
     * var_export($const);
     */
    const ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT = 0;
    const ATTR_CASE = 8;
    const ATTR_CLIENT_VERSION = 5;
    const ATTR_CONNECTION_STATUS = 7;
    const ATTR_CURSOR = 10;
    const ATTR_CURSOR_NAME = 9;
    const ATTR_DRIVER_NAME = 16;
    const ATTR_ERRMODE = 3;
    const ATTR_FETCH_CATALOG_NAMES = 15;
    const ATTR_FETCH_TABLE_NAMES = 14;
    const ATTR_MAX_COLUMN_LEN = 18;
    const ATTR_ORACLE_NULLS = 11;
    const ATTR_PERSISTENT = 12;
    const ATTR_PREFETCH = 1;
    const ATTR_SERVER_INFO = 6;
    const ATTR_SERVER_VERSION = 4;
    const ATTR_STATEMENT_CLASS = 13;
    const ATTR_STRINGIFY_FETCHES = 17;
    const ATTR_TIMEOUT = 2;
    const CASE_LOWER = 2;
    const CASE_NATURAL = 0;
    const CASE_UPPER = 1;
    const CURSOR_FWDONLY = 0;
    const CURSOR_SCROLL = 1;
    const ERR_ALREADY_EXISTS = NULL;
    const ERR_CANT_MAP = NULL;
    const ERR_CONSTRAINT = NULL;
    const ERR_DISCONNECTED = NULL;
    const ERR_MISMATCH = NULL;
    const ERR_NO_PERM = NULL;
    const ERR_NONE = '00000';
    const ERR_NOT_FOUND = NULL;
    const ERR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED = NULL;
    const ERR_SYNTAX = NULL;
    const ERR_TRUNCATED = NULL;
    const ERRMODE_EXCEPTION = 2;
    const ERRMODE_SILENT = 0;
    const ERRMODE_WARNING = 1;
    const FETCH_ASSOC = 2;
    const FETCH_BOTH = 4;
    const FETCH_BOUND = 6;
    const FETCH_CLASS = 8;
    const FETCH_CLASSTYPE = 262144;
    const FETCH_COLUMN = 7;
    const FETCH_FUNC = 10;
    const FETCH_GROUP = 65536;
    const FETCH_INTO = 9;
    const FETCH_LAZY = 1;
    const FETCH_NAMED = 11;
    const FETCH_NUM = 3;
    const FETCH_OBJ = 5;
    const FETCH_ORI_ABS = 4;
    const FETCH_ORI_FIRST = 2;
    const FETCH_ORI_LAST = 3;
    const FETCH_ORI_NEXT = 0;
    const FETCH_ORI_PRIOR = 1;
    const FETCH_ORI_REL = 5;
    const FETCH_SERIALIZE = 524288;
    const FETCH_UNIQUE = 196608;
    const NULL_EMPTY_STRING = 1;
    const NULL_NATURAL = 0;
    const NULL_TO_STRING = NULL;
    const PARAM_BOOL = 5;
    const PARAM_INPUT_OUTPUT = -2147483648;
    const PARAM_INT = 1;
    const PARAM_LOB = 3;
    const PARAM_NULL = 0;
    const PARAM_STMT = 4;
    const PARAM_STR = 2;

    /**
     * Factory for Zend_Db_Adapter_Abstract classes.
     *
     * First argument may be a string containing the base of the adapter class
     * name, e.g. 'Mysqli' corresponds to class Zend_Db_Adapter_Mysqli.  This
     * name is currently case-insensitive, but is not ideal to rely on this behavior.
     * If your class is named 'My_Company_Pdo_Mysql', where 'My_Company' is the namespace
     * and 'Pdo_Mysql' is the adapter name, it is best to use the name exactly as it
     * is defined in the class.  This will ensure proper use of the factory API.
     *
     * First argument may alternatively be an object of type Zend_Config.
     * The adapter class base name is read from the 'adapter' property.
     * The adapter config parameters are read from the 'params' property.
     *
     * Second argument is optional and may be an associative array of key-value
     * pairs.  This is used as the argument to the adapter constructor.
     *
     * If the first argument is of type Zend_Config, it is assumed to contain
     * all parameters, and the second argument is ignored.
     *
     * @param  mixed $adapter String name of base adapter class, or Zend_Config object.
     * @param  mixed $config  OPTIONAL; an array or Zend_Config object with adapter parameters.
     * @return Zend_Db_Adapter_Abstract
     * @throws Zend_Db_Exception
     */
    public static function factory($adapter, $config = array())
    {
        if ($config instanceof Zend_Config) {
            $config = $config->toArray();
        }

        /*
         * Convert Zend_Config argument to plain string
         * adapter name and separate config object.
         */
        if ($adapter instanceof Zend_Config) {
            if (isset($adapter->params)) {
                $config = $adapter->params->toArray();
            }
            if (isset($adapter->adapter)) {
                $adapter = (string) $adapter->adapter;
            } else {
                $adapter = null;
            }
        }

        /*
         * Verify that adapter parameters are in an array.
         */
        if (!is_array($config)) {
            /**
             * @see Zend_Db_Exception
             */
            require_once 'Zend/Db/Exception.php';
            throw new Zend_Db_Exception('Adapter parameters must be in an array or a Zend_Config object');
        }

        /*
         * Verify that an adapter name has been specified.
         */
        if (!is_string($adapter) || empty($adapter)) {
            /**
             * @see Zend_Db_Exception
             */
            require_once 'Zend/Db/Exception.php';
            throw new Zend_Db_Exception('Adapter name must be specified in a string');
        }

        /*
         * Form full adapter class name
         */
        $adapterNamespace = 'Zend_Db_Adapter';
        if (isset($config['adapterNamespace'])) {
            if ($config['adapterNamespace'] != '') {
                $adapterNamespace = $config['adapterNamespace'];
            }
            unset($config['adapterNamespace']);
        }

        // Adapter no longer normalized- see http://framework.zend.com/issues/browse/ZF-5606
        $adapterName = $adapterNamespace . '_';
        $adapterName .= str_replace(' ', '_', ucwords(str_replace('_', ' ', strtolower($adapter))));

        /*
         * Load the adapter class.  This throws an exception
         * if the specified class cannot be loaded.
         */
        if (!class_exists($adapterName)) {
            require_once 'Zend/Loader.php';
            Zend_Loader::loadClass($adapterName);
        }

        /*
         * Create an instance of the adapter class.
         * Pass the config to the adapter class constructor.
         */
        $dbAdapter = new $adapterName($config);

        /*
         * Verify that the object created is a descendent of the abstract adapter type.
         */
        if (! $dbAdapter instanceof Zend_Db_Adapter_Abstract) {
            /**
             * @see Zend_Db_Exception
             */
            require_once 'Zend/Db/Exception.php';
            throw new Zend_Db_Exception("Adapter class '$adapterName' does not extend Zend_Db_Adapter_Abstract");
        }

        return $dbAdapter;
    }

}


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求一个zend framework环境搭配的教程

11-08

我是照着php100那个教程一模一样做的,pdo,pdomysql,rewrite,AllowOverride all都改了rn然后代码也是全程COPY教程里的代码rn运行的时候就报告错误rnrnFatal error: Uncaught exception 'Zend_Controller_Dispatcher_Exception' with message 'Invalid controller specified (index.php)' in D:\AppServ\www\zendframework\library\Zend\Controller\Dispatcher\Standard.php:248 Stack trace: #0 D:\AppServ\www\zendframework\library\Zend\Controller\Front.php(954): Zend_Controller_Dispatcher_Standard->dispatch(Object(Zend_Controller_Request_Http), Object(Zend_Controller_Response_Http)) #1 D:\AppServ\www\zendframework\index.php(27): Zend_Controller_Front->dispatch() #2 main thrown in D:\AppServ\www\zendframework\library\Zend\Controller\Dispatcher\Standard.php on line 248rnrn.htaccess文件的代码:rnRewriteEngine onrnRewriteRule .* index.phprnrnphp_flag magic_quotes_gpc offrnphp_flag register_globals offrnrnindex.php的代码rn[code=PHP]setFallbackAutoloader(true); //静态载入自动类文件rnrn $registry = Zend_Registry::getInstance(); //静态获得实例rn $view = new Zend_View(); //实例化zend 模板rn $view->setScriptPath('./application/views/scripts/');//设置模板显示路径rn $registry['view'] = $view;//注册Viewrnrn //设置控制器rn $frontController =Zend_Controller_Front::getInstance();rnrn $frontController->setBaseUrl('/zendframework')//设置基本路径rn ->setParam('noViewRenderer', true)rn ->setControllerDirectory('./application/controllers')rn ->throwExceptions(true)rn ->dispatch();rn?>[/code]rnrn至于前台模板里的东西,无非就是输出之类的rn我的项目文件夹名称是zendframework,放在www目录下 AppServ放在D盘rn疯了。。。新手,求指导 论坛

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