项目管理缩略语英中注释表

via: http://www.cnblogs.com/qqflying/archive/2008/04/12/1149907.html

 

项目管理缩略语英中注释表

A-G 

 

ABC  Activity Based Costing 基于活动的成本核算 

ABM  Activity Based Management 基于活动的管理 

ACWP  Actual Cost of Work Performed 已完成工作实际成本 

ADM  Arrow Diagram Method 箭线图方法 

ADP  Automated Data Processing 自动化数据处理 

ADR  Alternative Dispute Resolution 替代争议解决方案 

AF  Actual Finish Date 实际完成日期 

AFE   Application for Expenditure 支出申请 

AFE  Authority for Expenditure 开支权 

ALAP  As-Late-As-Possible 尽可能晚 

AMR  Advanced Material Release 材料提前发布 

AOA  Activity on Arc 弧线表示活动双代号网络 

AOA  Activity on Arrow 箭线表示活动双代号网络 

AON  Activity on Node 节点表示活动单代号网络 

AOQ  Average Outgoing Quality 平均出厂质量 

AOQL  Average Outgoing Quality Limit 平均出厂质量限度 

APMA  Area of Project Management Application 项目管理的应用领域 

APR  Acquisition Plan Review 采购计划评审 

AQL  Acceptable Quality Level 可接受质量水平 

AS  Actual Start Date 实际开始日期 

ASAP  As-Soon-As-Possible 尽快 

ATP  Acceptance Test Procedure 验收测试过程 

AUW  Authorized Unpriced Work 批准的未定价工作 

BAC  Budget at Completion 完工预算 

BAC  Baseline at Completion 完成/完工基线 

BATNA  Best Alternative to Negotiated Agreement 协议外最佳方案 

BCM  Business Change Manager 商业变更经理 

BCWP  Budgeted Cost of Work Performed 已完工作预算成本 

BCWS  Budgeted Cost of Work Scheduled 计划工作的预算成本 

BEC  Elapsed Cost 计划工作的预算成本 

BOOT  Build, Own, Operate, Transfer 建造拥有经营转让 

BPA  Blanket Purchase Agreement 一揽子采购协议 

BSA  Balanced Scorecard Approach 平衡记分卡方法 

C/SCSC  Cost/Schedule Control System Criteria 成本控制系统标准? 

C/SSR  Cost/Schedule Status Report 成本/进度状态报告 

CA  Control Account 控制帐目 

CAD  Computer Aided Drafting/Design 计算机辅助制图/设计 

CAM  Cost Account Manager 成本帐目经理 

CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing 计算机辅助制造 

CAM Control Account Manager 控制帐目经理 

CAP Cost Account Plan 成本帐目计划 

CAP Control Account Plan 控制帐目计划 

CAR Capital Appropriation Request 资本划拨请求 

CBD Component-Based Development 基于构件的开发 

CBS Cost Breakdown Structure 成本分解结构 

CCB Change Control Board 变更管理委员会 

CCDR Contractor Cost Data Report 承包商成本数据报告 

CDR  Critical Design Review 关键设计评审 

CI  Configuration Item 配置项 

CM  Configuration Management/Construction Management 配置管理/施工管理 

CPFFC  Cost Plus Fixed Fee Contract 成本加固定费用合同 

CPI  Cost Performance Index 成本绩效指数 

CPI  Cost Performance Indicator 成本绩效指数 

CPIFC  Cost Plus Incentive Fee Contract 成本加奖励费用合同 

CPM  Critical Path Method 关键路径法 

CPN  Critical Path Network 关键路径网络图 

CPPC  Cost Plus Percentage of Cost Contract 成本加成本百分比合同 

CPR  Cost Performance Ratio 成本绩效比率 

CPR  Cost Performance Report 成本绩效报告 

CPU  Central Processing Unit 中央处理单元 

CR  Change Request 变更请求 

CSCI  Computer Software Configuration Item 计算机软件配置 

CSF  Critical Success Factors 关键的成功因素 

CTC  Contract Target Cost 合同目标成本 

CTP  Contract Target Price 合同目标价格 

CTR  Cost-Time Resource Sheet 成本时间资源表 

CV  Cost Variance 成本偏差 

CWBS  Contract Work Breakdown Structure 合同工作分解结构 

DBA  Database Administrator 数据库管理员 

DBM  Dynamic Baseline Model 动态基线模型 

DBMS  Database Management System 数据库管理系统 

DCE  Distributed Computing Environment 分布式计算环境 

DCF  Discounted Cash Flow 折现现金流 

DD  Data Date 数据日期 

DID  Data Item Description 工作项描述 

DRD  documentation Requirements Description 文档要求说明 

DU  Duration 工期持续时间 

EAC  Estimated Actual at Completion 实际完工估算 

ECC  Estimated Cost to Complete 尚未完成的成本估算 

ECP  Engineering Change Proposal 工程变更建议书 

EF  Early Finish Date 最早完成日期 

EFC  Estimated Final Cost 估算的最终成本 

EMR  Expenditure Management Report 支出管理报告 

EPS  Enterprise Project Structure 企业项目结构 

ERP  Enterprise Resource Planning 企业资源规划 

ERPS  Enterprise Resource Planning Systems 企业资源规划系统 

ES  Early Start Date 最早开始日期 

ESAR  Extended Subsequent Applications Review 扩展后续应用评审 

ETC  Estimate To Complete 尚未完成/完工的估算 

EV  Expected value 期望值 

EVMS  Earned value Management System 挣值管理系统 

FAC  Forecast At Completion 完工预测 

FF  Free Float 自由浮动时间 

FFP  Firm Fixed Price Contract 严格固定价格合同 

FIFO  First In, First Out 先进先出 

FM  Functional Manager 职能经理 

FP  Fixed Price Contract 固定价格合同 

FPPIF  Fixed Price Plus Incentive Fee Contract 固定价格加激励酬 

FTC  Forecast to Completion 完工尚需预测 

FTP  File Transfer Protocol 文件传输协议 

G&A  General and Administrative Costs 综合行政管理成本 

G&A  General and Administrative 综合行政管理费 

GAAP  Generally Accepted Accounting Principles 公认会计原则 

GERT  Graphical Evaluation and Review Technique 图形评审技术 

GUI  Graphical User Interface 图形用户界面 

 

H-N 

 

HQ  Headquarters 总部 

HRM  Human Resources Management 人力资源管理 

HTML  Hyper Text Markup Language 超文本标记语言 

HTTP  Hyper Text Transport Protocol 超文本传输协议 

IAW  In Accordance With 依照 

IBR  Integrated Baseline Review 集成基线的评审 

IDC  Interest-During-Construction 项目建造期间利息 

IFB  Invitation for Bid 投标邀请函 

IFB  Intention for Bid 投标意向书 

ILS  Integrated Logistics Support 集成物流支持 

IP  Internet Protocol 国际互联网协议 

IPDT  Integrated Product Development Team 集成产品开发团队 

IRR  Internal Rate of Return 内部收益率 

ISP  Internet Service Provider 互联网服务提供商 

IT  Information Technology 信息技术 

JIT  Just In Time 适时(存货管理) 准时制造/库存管理 

KPI  Key Performance Indicators 关键绩效指标 

KSI  Key Success Indicators 关键成功指标 

LAN  Local Area Network 局域网 

LCC  Life Cycle Cost 生命期成本 

LF  Late Finish 最晚完成时间 

LFD  Late Finish Date 最晚完成日期 

LIFO  Last In, First Out 后进先出法 

LML  Lowest Management Level 最低管理级别 

LOA  Limits of Authority 授权范围 

LOB  Line of Balance 平衡线 

LOE  Level of Effort 投入水平 

LQ  Limiting Quality 质量限制 

LS  Late Start 最晚开始时间 

LSB  Lowest Static Baseline 最低静态基线 

LSD  Late Start Date 最晚开始日期 

MBM  Management by Methods 方法管理 

MBO  Management by Objectives 目标管理 

MBP  Management by Politics 政策管理 

MBR  Management by Rules 规则管理 

MBV  Management by Values 价值管理 

MBWA  Management by Walking Around 走动管理 

MIME  Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension 多用Internet 邮件扩充协议 

MIS  Management Information System 管理信息系统 

MOA  Memorandum of Agreement 协议备忘录 

MOBP  Managing Organizations by Projects 按项目管理组织 

MOF  Published Model 已发布的模型 

MOU  Memorandum of Understanding 谅解备忘录 

MPM  Modern Project Management 现代项目管理 

MR  Management Reserve 管理储备 

MRP  Material Requirements Planning 材料需求计划编制 

MSA  Mid-Stage Assessment 中期评估 

MTBF  Mean Time Between Failures 平均故障间隔时间 

N/A  Not Applicable 不适用 

NIH  Not Invented Here 禁止意见发表 

NPV  Net Present value 净现值 

NTE  Not to Exceed 不得超过 

  

 

O-T 

 

O&M  Operations and Maintenance 运营和维护 

OBS  Organizational Breakdown Structure 组织分解结构 

ODC  Other Direct Costs 其它直接成本 

OJT  On-the-job Training 在职培训 

OTB  Over Target Baseline 超目标基线计划 

PAR  Problem Analysis Report 问题分析报告 

PAT  Project Assurance Team 项目保证团队 

PBR  Program Benefits Review 项目群收益评审 

PBS  Product Breakdown Structure 产品分解结构 

PC  Percent Complete 完成比 

PCA  Physical Configuration Audit 物理配置审核 

PDLC  Project Development Life Cycle 项目开发生命周期 

PDM  Precedence Diagram Method 前导图法优先图法 

PDS  Program Definition Statement 项目群定义说明书 

PERT  Program Evaluation and Review Technique 计划评审技术 

PF  Planned Finish Date 计划完成日期 

PGP  Pretty Good Privacy 优秀密钥 

PLS  Project Life Span 项目生命跨度 

PM  Project Manager 项目经理 

PM  Project Management 项目管理 

PMB  Performance Measurement Baseline 绩效测量基线 

PMBOK  Project Management Body of Knowledge 项目管理知识体系 

PMIS  Project Management Information System 项目管理信息系统 

PMO  Project Management Office 项目管理办公室 

PMP  Project Management Professional 项目管理专业人员 

PMS  Portfolio Management System 项目组合管理系统 

PMT  Performance Measurement Techniques 绩效测量技术 

PMT  Performance Measurement Techniques 绩效测量技术 

POC  Point of Contact 联络点 

PPL  Project Products List 项目产品列表 

PRD  Product Requirements document 产品需求说明书 

PRT  Product Realization Team 产品实现团队 

PS  Planned Start Date 计划开始日期 

PSA  Professional Services Agreement 专业服务协议 

PSO  Program Support Office 项目群支持办公室 

PSP  Professional Services Provider 专业服务提供者 

PV  Price Variance 价格偏差 

PVWA  Planned value for Work Accomplished 已完成工作的计划价值 

PVWS  Planned value for Work Scheduled 计划工作的计划价值 

QA  Quality Assurance 质量保证 

QAR  Quality Assurance Representative 质量保证代表 

QC  Quality Control 质量控制 

QPL  Qualified Product List 合格产品清单 

RAM  Responsibility Assignment Matrix 责任分配矩阵 

RAM  Responsibility/Accountability Matrix 责任矩阵 

RAMP  Risk Analysis and Management for Projects 项目的风险分析和管理 

RBS  Resource Breakdown Structure 资源分解结构 

RF  Remaining Float 剩余浮动时间 

RFA  Request for Appropriation 经费申请 

RFC  Request for Change 变更申请 

RFP  Request for Proposal 建议书邀请函 

RFQ  Request for Quotation 报价邀请函 

RMB  Risk Management Budget 风险管理预算 

ROI  Return on Investment 投资回报 

ROM  Rough Order of Magnitude Estimate 粗数量级估计 

RPWM  Ranked Positional Weight Method 重要位置排序法 

SAR  Subsequent Application Review 跟踪应用评审 

SC  Scheduled Cost 计划成本 

SCR  System Concept Review 系统概念评审 

SDL  Software Development Library 软件开发库 

SDR  System Design Review 系统设计评审 

SDWT  Self Directed Work Teams 自我指导工作团队 

SF  Level Finish/Schedule 经平衡的结束时间/进度表 

SF  Scheduled Finish 计划完成点 

SF  Scheduled Finish Date 计划完成日期 

SF  Secondary Float 次要浮动时间 

SLVAR  Summary Level Variance Analysis Reporting 差异分析报告汇总 

SOW  Statement of Work 工作说明书 

SPI  Schedule Performance Index 进度绩效指数 

SPR  Scheduled Performance Ratio 进度绩效比 

SRR  System Requirements Review 系统需求评审 

SS  Scheduled Start 计划开始点 

SSD  Scheduled Start Date 计划开始日期 

SV  Schedule Variance 进度偏差 

SWAG  Scientific Wild Anatomical Guess 科学粗略剖析性猜测 

T&E  Test and Evaluation 测试和评估 

T&M  Time and Material Contract 时间和材料合同 

TAB  Total Allocated Budget 全部分配预算 

TAE  Total Anticipated Expenditures 全部预测支出 

TBA  To Be Advised 有待完善 

TBD  To Be Determined 有待确定 

TC  Target Completion Date 目标完成日期 

TCCC  Transfer of Care, Custody and Control 权责移交 

TCPI  To Complete Performance Index 待完成绩效指数 

TF  Total Float 总浮动时间 

TOC  Theory of Constraints 约束理论 

ToR  Terms of Reference 职责范围 

TQM  Total Quality Management 全面质量管理 

TRR  Test Readiness Review 测试准备情况评审 

 

U-Z 

 

UB  Undistributed Budget 未分配预算 

UI  User Interface 用户界面 

UML  Unified Modeling Language 统一建模语言 

UP  Unit Price Contract 单价合同 

URL  Uniform Resource Locator 统一资源定位符 

VAC  Variance at Completio 完成时的偏差 

VE  Value Engineering 价值工程 

VM  Value Management 价值管理 

WBS  Work Breakdown Structure 工作分解结构 

WP  Work Package 工作包 

WYSIWYG  What You See Is What You Get 所见即所得

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