PAT.A1085. Perfect Sequence

Given a sequence of positive integers and another positive integer p. The sequence is said to be a "perfect sequence" if M <= m * p where M and m are the maximum and minimum numbers in the sequence, respectively.

Now given a sequence and a parameter p, you are supposed to find from the sequence as many numbers as possible to form a perfect subsequence.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains two positive integers N and p, where N (<= 105) is the number of integers in the sequence, and p (<= 109) is the parameter. In the second line there are N positive integers, each is no greater than 109.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line the maximum number of integers that can be chosen to form a perfect subsequence.

Sample Input:
10 8
2 3 20 4 5 1 6 7 8 9
Sample Output:
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cmath>
#include <map>
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

long long a[100010];
int main(){
	int n, p;
	scanf("%d%d", &n, &p);
	for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
		scanf("%lld", &a[i]);
	sort(a, a + n);
	int count = -1;
	int i = 0, j = 0;
	while (j <n) {
		while (a[i] * p>=a[j]&&j<n) j++;
	//	printf("%lld %d %d\n", a[j],i,j);
		count = max(count, j - i);
	return 0;