线段树模板

模板来源

#include <cstdio>  
#include <algorithm>  
using namespace std;  

#define lson l , m , rt << 1  
#define rson m + 1 , r , rt << 1 | 1 
#define root 1 , N , 1 
#define LL long long  
const int maxn = 111111;  
LL add[maxn<<2];  
LL sum[maxn<<2];  
void PushUp(int rt) {  
    sum[rt] = sum[rt<<1] + sum[rt<<1|1];  
}  
void PushDown(int rt,int m) {  
    if (add[rt]) {  
        add[rt<<1] += add[rt];  
        add[rt<<1|1] += add[rt];  
        sum[rt<<1] += add[rt] * (m - (m >> 1));  
        sum[rt<<1|1] += add[rt] * (m >> 1);  
        add[rt] = 0;  
    }  
}  
void build(int l,int r,int rt) {  
    add[rt] = 0;  
    if (l == r) {  
        scanf("%lld",&sum[rt]);  
        return ;  
    }  
    int m = (l + r) >> 1;  
    build(lson);  
    build(rson);  
    PushUp(rt);  
}  
void update(int L,int R,int c,int l,int r,int rt) {  
    if (L <= l && r <= R) {  
        add[rt] += c;  
        sum[rt] += (LL)c * (r - l + 1);  
        return ;  
    }  
    PushDown(rt , r - l + 1);  
    int m = (l + r) >> 1;  
    if (L <= m) update(L , R , c , lson);  
    if (m < R) update(L , R , c , rson);  
    PushUp(rt);  
}  
LL query(int L,int R,int l,int r,int rt) {  
    if (L <= l && r <= R) {  
        return sum[rt];  
    }  
    PushDown(rt , r - l + 1);  
    int m = (l + r) >> 1;  
    LL ret = 0;  
    if (L <= m) ret += query(L , R , lson);  
    if (m < R) ret += query(L , R , rson);  
    return ret;  
}  
int main() {  
    int N , Q;  
    scanf("%d%d",&N,&Q);  
    build(root);  
    while (Q --) {  
        char op[2];  
        int a , b , c;  
        scanf("%s",op);  
        if (op[0] == 'Q') {  
            scanf("%d%d",&a,&b);  
            printf("%lld\n",query(a , b ,root));  
        } else {  
            scanf("%d%d%d",&a,&b,&c);  
            update(a , b , c , root);  
        }  
    }  
    return 0;  
}  
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