使用Maven构建Spring MVC项目的简单示例

1、首先看一下项目结构:


总结:主要是将配置文件配置好之后就不会有什么问题了。在阅读《Maven实战》这本书的时候可以知道有一章是讲解关于继承和聚合的知识,这里主要的是Maven构建SpringMVC项目,所以DAO等这些都写到一起了。因为我也没有只用Maven进行过一个完整项目的实践,所以独立模块开发+聚合可以参考《Maven实战》这本书上面的示例讲解。作为初学者,有很多的东西要学。

附源代码地址:点击打开链接

下面是配置文件及代码:

2、pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>MavenTest</groupId>
	<artifactId>tan.maven.springmvc</artifactId>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<name>tan.maven.springmvc Maven Webapp</name>
	<url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
		<springversion>3.1.1.RELEASE</springversion>
		<junitversion>3.8.1</junitversion>
	</properties>

	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>junit</groupId>
			<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
			<version>${junitversion}</version>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-asm</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-expression</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-jms</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-oxm</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
			<version>${springversion}</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
			<artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
			<version>1.2</version>
			<type>jar</type>
			<scope>compile</scope>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-collections</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-collections</artifactId>
			<version>3.1</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
			<version>1.1</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<finalName>tan-springmvc-book</finalName>
	</build>
</project>

3、applicationContext.xml配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" 
	   xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" 
	   xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	   xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" 
	   xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" 
	   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	   xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd">

	<mvc:annotation-driven />
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.tan.*" />

	<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
		<property name="prefix" value="/" />
		<property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
	</bean>

</beans>

4、web.xml配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="3.0" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 
	http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd">
	<display-name></display-name>
	<welcome-file-list>
		<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
	</welcome-file-list>
	
		<!-- Spring的log4j监听器 -->
	<listener>
		<listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.Log4jConfigListener</listener-class>
	</listener>
	
	<!-- 核心控制器 -->
	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>book</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
		<init-param>
			<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
			<param-value>/WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml</param-value>
		</init-param>
		<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
	</servlet>
	
	<listener>
		<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
	</listener>
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>book</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>

</web-app>

5、model:book.java

package com.tan.model;

public class Book {
	private int id;
	private String name;
	private String author;
	public Book(){}
	public Book(int id, String name, String author) {
		super();
		this.id = id;
		this.name = name;
		this.author = author;
	}
	public int getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	public String getAuthor() {
		return author;
	}
	public void setAuthor(String author) {
		this.author = author;
	}
	

}

6、Dao:bookDao.java

package com.tan.dao;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import com.tan.model.Book;
@Component
public class BookDao {

	//模拟数据库操作
	public void add(Book book){
		System.out.print("Add");
	}
	public void update(Book book){
		System.out.print("Update");
	}
}

7、Service:BookService.java

package com.tan.service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import com.tan.dao.BookDao;
import com.tan.model.Book;

@Component
public class BookService {

	private BookDao bookDao;

	public BookDao getBookDao() {
		return bookDao;
	}

	@Resource
	public void setBookDao(BookDao bookDao) {
		this.bookDao = bookDao;
	}
	
	public void add(Book book){
		bookDao.add(book);
	}
	public void update(Book book){
		bookDao.update(book);
	}
	
}

8、controller:BookController.java

package com.tan.controller;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import com.tan.model.Book;
import com.tan.service.BookService;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/book.do")
public class BookController {

	private BookService bookService;
	@RequestMapping(params = "method=add")
	public String add(Book book){
		System.out.println("bookname:"+book.getName());
		System.out.println("author:"+book.getAuthor());
		bookService.add(book);
		return "success";
	}
	@RequestMapping(params = "method=update")
	public String update(Book book) {
		bookService.update(book);
		return "success";
	}
	public BookService getBookService() {
		return bookService;
	}
	@Resource
	public void setBookService(BookService bookService) {
		this.bookService = bookService;
	}
	
}

9、index.jsp

<html>
<body>
<h2>Add Book</h2>
<form method="post" action="<%=request.getContextPath() %>/book.do?method=add">
bookname:<input type="text" name="name" id="name">
author:<input type="text" name="author" id="author">
<input type="submit" value="Add">
</form>
</body>
</html>


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