LAMP环境配置安装注意安装步骤及说明事项

LAMP环境配置安装注意安装步骤及说明事项。

(一)           安装gcc

   gcc

      glibc-devel

         glibc-headers

            kernel-headers

      libgomp

   gcc-c++

      libstdc++-devel

 

(二)           安装zlib压缩库

zlib-1.2.5.tar.gz

shell> cd /home/shuhua/tar

shell> tar –zxvf zlib-1.2.5.tar.gz

shell> cd zlib-1.2.5

shell> ./configure //这个配置编译命令不要加目录参数

shell> make

shell> make install

 

(三)           安装apache

   shell> cd /home/shuhua/tar

shell> tar -jxvf httpd-2.2.19.tar.bz2

shell> cd httpd-2.2.19

   shell>./configure --prefix=/usr/local/http2  \

      --enable-modules=all \

      --enable-mods-shared=all \

      --enable-so

shell> make && make install

 

#启动Apache

shell> /usr/local/http2/bin/apachectl start

 

#测试apache

浏览器打开: http://虚拟机IP

看到 "it works!",即为成功

 

配置虚拟主机

1)配置host文件

打开C:/windows/system32/drivers/etc/hosts 文件

增加域名记录

如:

192.168.1.246 www.ec1.com

192.168.1.246 www.ec2.com

 

2) 增加虚拟主机

vi /usr/local/http2/conf/httpd.conf

取消#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

这一行前面的#

保存退出

 

vi /usr/local/http2/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

增加虚拟主机记录

 

<VirtualHost *:80>

           ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com

           DocumentRoot "/usr/local/http2/htdocs/ec1"

           ServerName www.ec1.com

           ServerAlias www.dummy-host.example.com

           ErrorLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-error_log"

           CustomLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-access_log" common

</VirtualHost>

 

<VirtualHost *:80>

           ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host2.example.com

            DocumentRoot "/usr/local/http2/htdocs/ec2"

           ServerName www.ec2.com

           ErrorLog "logs/dummy-host2.example.com-error_log"

           CustomLog "logs/dummy-host2.example.com-access_log" common

</VirtualHost>

 

 

3)

      shell> cd /usr/local/http2/htdocs

      shell> mkdir ec1 ec2

      shell> echo this is ec1.com > ec1/index.html

      shell> echo this is ec2.com > ec2/index.html

 

4)重启apache

/usr/local/http2/bin/apachectl restart

 

 

5)浏览器打开www.ec1.com,www.ec2.com

看到不同的网站内容,虚拟主机创建完毕!

 

安装图形库,为编译PHP做准备

libxml2-2.7.2.tar.gz

jpegsrc.v8b.tar.gz

libpng-1.4.3.tar.gz     

freetype-2.4.1.tar.gz

gd-2.0.35.tar.gz

 

(四)             安装libxml2

   shell> cd /home/shuhua/tar

shell> tar zxvf libxml2-2.7.2.tar.gz

shell> cd libxml2-2.7.2

shell>./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2

shell> make && make install

 

(五)             安装jpeg8

   shell> cd /home/shuhua/tar

shell> tar -zxvf jpegsrc.v8b.tar.gz

shell> cd jpeg-8b

shell>./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg \

--enable-shared --enable-static

shell> make && make install

 

(六)             安装libpng

   shell> cd /home/shuhua/tar

shell> tar zxvf libpng-1.4.3.tar.gz

shell> cd libpng-1.4.3

shell>./configure  #zlib一样不要带参数让它默认安装到相应目录

shell> make && make install

 

(七)             安装freetype

   shell> cd /home/shuhua/tar

shell> tar zxvf freetype-2.4.1.tar.gz

shell> cd freetype-2.4.1

shell>./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype

shell> make && make install

 

(八)             安装GD

      shell> cd /home/shuhua/tar

shell> tar -zvxf gd-2.0.35.tar.gz

shell> mkdir -p /usr/local/gd

shell> cd gd-2.0.35

shell>./configure --prefix=/usr/local/gd  \

         --with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg/   \

         --with-png --with-zlib \

         --with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype

shell> make && make install

 

(九)             安装 php5

       shell> cd /home/shuhua/tar

shell> tar -jxvf php-5.3.6.tar.bz

shell> cd php-5.3.6

shell>./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \

         --with-apxs2=/usr/local/http2/bin/apxs \

         --with-mysql=mysqlnd \

         --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \

         --with-mysqli=mysqlnd \

         --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype \

         --with-gd=/usr/local/gd \

         --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2 \

         --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg \

         --with-png-dir \

         --enable-mbstring=all \

         --enable-mbregex \

         --enable-shared

shell> make && make install

shell> cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini

 


(注意:每次运行完 ./configure ...之后运行命令echo  $?  ,如果结果为0,则说明配置无问题)

       配置Apache使其支持php

       vi /usr/local/http2/conf/httpd.conf

1)        httpd.conf(Apache主配置文件)中增加:

AddType application/x-httpd-php .php  

 

2)        找到下面这段话:

<IfModule dir_module>

    DirectoryIndex index.html

</IfModule>

index.html 前面添加index.php

 

3)        建立php测试网页

vi /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/index.php 

我的地址 vi /usr/local/http2/htdocs/index.php

输入如下内容:

<?php

phpinfo();

?>

 

4)        重启apache

shell> /usr/local/http2/bin/apachectl restart

 

5)        再次浏览器查看http://虚拟机IP

如果看到php信息,工作就完成了!

 

(十)             安装MySQL

1)        编译安装MySQL

shell> cd /home/shuhua/tar

shell> tar -xzvf mysql-5.1.30.tar.gz

shell> cd mysql-5.1.30

shell> ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql \ 

      --with-charset=utf8 \      

      --with-extra-charsets=gbk,gb2312,binary

shell> mount .....挂载光盘
   shell> rpm -ivh libtermcmp-devel-2.0.8-46....

shell> make && make install

 

2)        配置并初始化MySQL

   shell> groupadd mysql

shell> useradd  -g mysql mysql

shell> cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

shell> cd /usr/local/mysql

shell> chown -R mysql.mysql . 

shell> bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql \

--datadir=/usr/local/mysql/var

shell> chown -R root .

shell> chown -R mysql var

shell> bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql & 

 

3)        测试数据库

shell> bin/mysql –uroot

mysql> show databases;

 

4)        接上步,修改mysql密码(可不做此步,默认无密码)

mysql>UPDATE user SET

password=PASSWORD('new_password')    

WHERE user='root';

mysql>flush privileges;


1)      php模块安装完毕后重启apache如果提示如下信息(apache重启失败)

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[root@localhost php-5.3.6]# /usr/local/http2/bin/apachectl restart

httpd: Syntax error on line 105 of /usr/local/http2/conf/httpd.conf: Cannot load /usr/local/http2/modules/libphp5.so into server: /usr/local/libxml2/lib/libxml2.so.2: symbol gzopen64, version ZLIB_1.2.3.3 not defined in file libz.so.1 with link time reference

 

解决办法:

 

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[root@localhost sbin]# echo "/usr/local/lib" >> /etc/ld.so.conf

[root@localhost sbin]# ldconfig

 

http://lipengyu2006.iteye.com/blog/1780042

 

 

2)      重新安装apache启动失败

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# /usr/local/htt2/bin/apachectl restart

httpd not running, trying to start

(98)Address already in use: make_sock: could not bind to address [::]:80

(98)Address already in use: make_sock: could not bind to address 0.0.0.0:80

no listening sockets available, shutting down

Unable to open logs

 

原因是80端口被占用

解决:

 

查看80端口使用情况

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# netstat -lnp|grep 80

tcp        0      0 :::80                       :::*                        LISTEN      28195/httpd        

unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     6580   1957/gpm            /dev/gpmctl

unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     5422   1800/pcscd          /var/run/pcscd.comm

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查看80的使用者是谁端口

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# ps 28195

  PID TTY      STAT   TIME COMMAND

28195 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/local/http2/bin/httpd -k restart

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经过分析知道了80端口被系统的一个进程占用,这个进程是旧的apache服务

 

将这个进程杀之

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]# kill -9 28195

[root@localhost httpd-2.2.19]#


3),运行mysql 的./configure .....时出现错误:checking for termcap functions library... configure: error: No curses/termcap library found


由于缺少了库支持导致的,使用命令 

        yum install ncurses-devel

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