在vue项目中引入highcharts图表的方法

npm进行highchars的导入,导入完成后就可以进行highchars的可视化组件开发了

npm install highcharts --save

1、components目录下新建一个chart.vue组件

<template>
    <div class="chart" id="myChart" >
        <div class="emcs_charts" :id="id"  ></div>
    </div>
</template>
<script>
// 引入highCharts模块
import HighCharts from 'highcharts'
// 引入这个图表的外部资源数据
import data from '../echarts_data/chart.js'

export default {
  data() {
    // 将引入的数据写在自己的组件中
    let dataObj = data.bar
    return{
      id: 'chart',
      dataObj: dataObj
    }
  },
  mounted() {//钩子函数挂载时实例化这个图表
    // chart(参数1,参数2);第一个参数挂载组件的容器,第二个参数为图表所需要的数据对象
    HighCharts.chart(this.id,this.dataObj)
  }
}
</script>

<style scoped lang='stylus'>
.chart{
  float left ;
  background-color #fff;
  padding 10px 0;
  margin-top 20px;
  border-radius 6px
  width 49.5%;
  .emcs_charts{
    min-width 890px;
    height 280px;
  }
}
</style>
​

 2、chart组件建好后,开始创建chart-options目录,里面创建一个chart.js用来存放模拟的chart数据

如下图我写的一个面积图的数据

module.exports = {
    bar: {
        chart: {//图表样式
            type:'area',//指定图表的类型,这里是面积图
        },
        //是否启用Labels。x,y轴默认值都是true,如果想禁用(或不显示)Labels,设置该属性为false即可
        credits: {
          enabled:false
        },
        title: {//指定图表标题
            text: '  设备监控', 
            align: 'left',
            style:{
                color: '#666',
                fontSize:'16px',
            }
        },
        colors: ['rgba(86,199,99,1)','rgba(226,188,37,1)','rgba(255,133,133,1)'],
        xAxis: {//图表的横坐标,一个轴为{ }
            title:{//横坐标标题
                text:''
            },
            //x坐标轴的刻度值
            categories: ['4:40','4:41','4:42','4:43','4:44', '4:45', '4:46', '4:47', '4:48', '4:49', '4:50','4:51','4:52','4:53','4:54', '4:55', '4:56', '4:57', '4:58', '4:59', '5:00', '5:01', '5:02', '5:03', '5:04', '5:05', '5:06', '5:07', '5:08', '5:09', '5:10', '5:11', '5:12', '5:13', '5:14', '5:15', '5:16', '5:17', '5:18', '5:19', '5:20', '5:21', '5:22', '5:23', '5:24', '5:25', '5:26', '5:27', '5:28', '5:29', '5:30', '5:31', '5:32', '5:33', '5:34', '5:35', '5:36', '5:37', '5:38', '5:39', '5:40'], //指定x轴分组
            labels: {//坐标轴上的刻度值(显示间隔、样式、单位)
              style: {
                  color: '#999999'
              },
              format:'{value}pm',//刻度值的单位
              align: 'center'
            },
            lineColor: '#dfdfdf',//坐标轴的颜色
            tickColor: '#dfdfdf',//坐标轴上的刻度线的颜色
            tickLength: 5,//坐标轴上刻度线的长度
            gridLineWidth:1,//网格线宽度。x轴默认为0,y轴默认为1px。
            gridLineColor:'#f2f2f2',//网格线颜色。默认为:#C0C0C0。
            // gridLineDashStyle: 'Dash',//网格线线条样式。和Css border-style类似,常用的有:Solid、Dot、Dash
            tickInterval: 5,//刻度间隔
            tickmarkPlacement: 'between',//刻度线对齐方式,有between和on可选,默认是between
            style: {
                color: '#999999',
                fontSize:10
            },
            crosshair:{//鼠标放上后显示纵轴的数据
                color:'#999',
                width:1
            }
        },
        yAxis: [{//图表的纵坐标,多个轴[{轴一},{轴二}]
            gridLineWidth: 1,
            gridLineColor:'#f2f2f2',
            tickPositions: [0, 25, 50, 75, 100],//y轴刻度值
            tickLength:0,
            title: {//纵坐标标题
                text: ' ',
                margin:0,
                style: {
                    color: '#999999',
                    fontSize:10
                }
            },
            labels:{//坐标轴上刻度的样式及单位
                style: {
                    color: '#999999',
                    fontSize:10
                },
                format:'{value}%',//坐标轴上的单位
            },
            offset:-10,//距离坐标轴的距离
        },{
            gridLineWidth: 1,
            gridLineColor:'#f2f2f2',
            tickColor: '#fff',
            tickInterval:25,
            tickLength:0,
            title: {
                text: '',
                margin:0,
                style: {
                    color: '#999999',
                    fontSize:10
                }
            },
            labels:{
                style: {
                    color: '#999999',
                    fontSize:10
                },
                format:'{value}℃'
            },
            opposite:true,//设置opposite: true表示该轴位置反转,即为y轴时显示在右侧
            offset:-10
        }],
        tooltip: {//数据提示框
            headerFormat: '<small>{point.key}</small><br/>',//标题格式
            pointFormat: '<span style="color:{series.color};">{series.name}</span>:{point.y}<br/>',
            shared: true,
            followPointer:true,//跟随鼠标
            followPointerMove:true,//是否跟随手指移动
            // footerFormat: 'muzi',//尾部格式化字符串
            style:{
                fontSize:10,
                fontFamily:'微软雅黑',
                fontWeight:'normal',
                color:'#666'
            }
        },
            //标示线总是垂直于它属于的轴。它可单独定义在x轴或y轴,也可以同时定义在x轴和y轴
              plotOptions: {
                area: {
                    //pointStart: 1940,
                    marker: {
                        enabled: false,
                        symbol: 'circle',
                        radius: 2,
                        states: {
                            hover: {
                                enabled: true
                            }
                        }
                    },
                    fillOpacity:0.2,
                    lineWidth:1
                }
            },
            legend: {//图例居中显示在图表下方
                align: 'center',
                symbolRadius:5,//图标圆角
                symbolWidth:10,//图标宽度
                symbolHeight:10,//图标高度
                itemStyle: {
                    color: '#999999',
                    fontWeight:'normal',
                    fontSize:12
                },
                itemMarginBottom: -14,//图例项底部外边距
            },
  
            series: [{//数据列是一组数据集合
                name: 'CPU',//name 代表数据列的名字,并且会显示在数据提示框(Tooltip)及图例(Legend)中
                data: [
                    5, 6, 10, 20, 50, 45, 30, 20, 10, 15,
                    16, 17, 18, 18, 30, 26, 25, 24, 20, 26,
                    36, 46, 50, 51, 52, 40, 30, 20, 19, 18,
                    30, 50, 55, 56, 70, 72, 73, 60, 55, 54,
                    53, 40, 39, 35, 32, 30, 20, 18, 3, 5,
                    10, 12, 13, 23, 34, 56, 60, 70, 80, 90, 80
                ],
                tooltip: {
                    valueSuffix:'%'
                }
            }, {
                name: 'RAM',
                data:[
                    16, 17, 18, 18, 30, 26, 25, 24, 20, 26,
                    36, 46, 50, 51, 52, 40, 30, 20, 19, 18,
                    30, 50, 55, 56, 70, 72, 73, 60, 55, 54,
                    53, 40, 39, 35, 32, 30, 20, 18, 3, 5,
                    10, 12, 13, 23, 34, 56, 60, 70, 80, 90,
                    5, 6, 10, 20, 50, 45, 30, 20, 10, 15, 20
                ],
                tooltip: {
                    valueSuffix:'%'
                }
            }, {
                name: '温度',
                data:[
                    10, 11, 11, 12, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16,
                    16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16,
                    16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16,
                    16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16,
                    16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16,
                    16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16
                ],
                tooltip: {
                    valueSuffix:'℃'//值的前缀、后缀及小数点
                },
                yAxis:1
            }]
        }
  }

3、父组件引用chart.vue子组件

<template>
    <div class="charts" id="myChart" >
        <x-chart ></x-chart>
    </div>
</template>
<script>
// 导入chart.vue子组件
import XChart from './chart.vue'

export default {
  components: {
    XChart
  }
}
</script>

<style scoped lang='stylus'>

</style>

效果如下图所示

 

 

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