合并多条记录的同一字段值SQL语句

1.生成测试数据:
create table team(name varchar(32),person varchar(32));

insert into team values('A','Tom');
insert into team values('A','Jim');
insert into team values('A','Anny');
insert into team values('B','Ivy');
insert into team values('B','Henry');   
insert into team values('C','Dar');
insert into team values('C','Rk');
insert into team values('D','Cenic');

select * from team;


2.创建合并团队成员姓名自定义函数:
create   function   fun_combName(@teamname varchar(32))  
  returns   varchar(4000)  
  as  
  begin  
          declare @temp varchar(4000)  
          set @temp = ''  
          select @temp = @temp+';'+person from team where name = @teamname  
          set @temp = stuff(@temp,1,1,'')  
          return   @temp    
  end

3.执行查询语句:
select name,person = dbo.fun_combName(name) from team group by name order by name;


注:测试完可以删除测试数据:
drop function fun_combName;
drop table team;

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

描述:将如下形式的数据按id字段合并value字段。
id   value
----- ------
   aa
   bb
   aaa
   bbb
   ccc
需要得到结果:
id    value
------ -----------
    aa,bb
    aaa,bbb,ccc
即:group by id, 求 value 的和(字符串相加)
*/
--1、sql2000中只能用自定义的函数解决
create table tb(id int, value varchar(10))
insert into tb values(1, 'aa')
insert into tb values(1, 'bb')
insert into tb values(2, 'aaa')
insert into tb values(2, 'bbb')
insert into tb values(2, 'ccc')
go

create function dbo.f_str(@id int) returns varchar(100)
as
begin
    declare @strvarchar(1000)
    set @str =''
    select @str= @str + ',' + cast(value as varchar) from tb where id = @id
    set @str =right(@str , len(@str) - 1)
    return@str
end
go

--调用函数
select id , value = dbo.f_str(id) from tb group by id

drop function dbo.f_str
drop table tb


--2、sql2005中的方法
create table tb(id int, value varchar(10))
insert into tb values(1, 'aa')
insert into tb values(1, 'bb')
insert into tb values(2, 'aaa')
insert into tb values(2, 'bbb')
insert into tb values(2, 'ccc')
go

select id, [value] = stuff((select ',' + [value] from tb t whereid = tb.id for xml path('')) , 1 , 1 , '')
from tb
group by id

drop table tb


--3、使用游标合并数据
create table tb(id int, value varchar(10))
insert into tb values(1, 'aa')
insert into tb values(1, 'bb')
insert into tb values(2, 'aaa')
insert into tb values(2, 'bbb')
insert into tb values(2, 'ccc')
go
declare @t table(id int,value varchar(100))--定义结果集表变量
--定义游标并进行合并处理
declare my_cursor cursor local for
select id , value from tb
declare @id_old int , @id int , @value varchar(10) , @svarchar(100)
open my_cursor
fetch my_cursor into @id , @value
select @id_old = @id , @s=''
while @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
begin
    if @id =@id_old
      select @s = @s + ',' + cast(@value as varchar)
    else
     begin
       insert @t values(@id_old , stuff(@s,1,1,''))
       select @s = ',' + cast(@value as varchar) , @id_old = @id
     end
    fetchmy_cursor into @id , @value
END
insert @t values(@id_old , stuff(@s,1,1,''))
close my_cursor
deallocate my_cursor

select * from @t
drop table tb



©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页